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[Report] SENEWS-2007-08-26 Report

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Homework:

Now the VOA Special English program Words and Their Stories.

Baseball is Americans’ national sport, so it is not unusual that many popular expressions come from baseball. But first, let me explain a little about the game. Each baseball team has nine players. The pitcher of one team throws the ball to a batter from the other team. The batter attacks to hit the ball. If he misses, it is call a strike. If a batter gets three strikes, he loses his turn to bat and is called out. A batter also is out if he hits the ball in the air, and an opposing player catches it. But if the batter hits the ball, and it is not caught, the batter tries to run to one or more of the four bases on the field, the batter can run to all four bases. If he hits the ball over the fences, or our of the ball part, such a hit is called a homerun.

Now, here are some common expressions from baseball. Someone who is on the ball is intelligent and able to do a good job. But a person who threw a curveball did something unexpected. Someone who steps up to the plate is ready to do his or her job. A pitch hitter takes the place of someone else at a job or activity. A person who strikes out or goes down swimming attempted something, but failed. We also might tell a person that three strikes, or you are out. But someone who hits a homerun, or hits it out of the park did something extremely well. Sometimes, I have to give information quickly without time to think it over. Then, I would say something right of the bat. If someone is doing an extremely good job, and is very successful, you might say he/she is batting one thousand. If I say I want to touch base with you, I will talk to you from time to time about something we plan to do. I might say I touched all the bases if I did what is necessary to complete a job or activity. And if I covered my bases, I would be well-prepared.

However, someone who is way off base did something wrong, oh, maybe even dishonest, or immoral. A person with strange ideas might be described as outing left field. Let us say I want to sell my courter, but I do not know exactly how much it is worth. If someone asks me the price, I might give a ball park figure or a ballpark estimate. If someone offers me in the amount that is close to my selling price, I might say the amount is in the ball park. However, if I say we are not in the same ballpark, I mean we cannot agree because my ideas are too different from yours. Finally, when the situation changes completely, we say that is a whole new ball game.

This VOA Special English Program Words and Their Stories was written by F.G. I’m F.L.
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