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[Report] SENEWS-2007-09-02 Report

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Homework

I am Susan Clark with the Special English Program Words and their Stories.

The Italians have an old say: XXX. The words mean it is sweet or enjoyable to do nothing. On weekends and during holidays many of us enjoy doing nothing. But most of time we have to work. And to keep our jobs we must work hard. Our employer will not like it if we do nothing.

American worker often call their employers: bosses. The word boss comes from the Dutch work bass, meaning master. Sometimes company bosses are called the brass, they are also sometimes called top brass or brass hats.

Experts disagree about how these strange expressions studied but they may have come from Britain. Leaders of the ninetieth century British army wore pieces of metal called Oply on their hands. The metal brass has color similar to that gold. So leader or commander came to be called a member of the Brass or he might be called a brass hat or even the top brass.

By the 1940s the expression has spread beyond military leaders. It also included civilian officials. A newspaper in an American city of Philadelphia used the term in 1949. It called most important police officials “top brass”.

Other expressions that means boss or employ have nothing to do with brass or hats. One of these uses big cheeses, a cheese is solid food made from milk. The expression probably started in America in late 19century. Some experts believed that comes from word in the Persian or Urdu language. Cheese, the meaning is a fee, so the meaning of a big cheese may be a big fee. Other experts say the word cheese in this expression was really in a correct way of say chief. The word chief means leader, so the expression main in big leader.

And an employer usually doesn’t an object to been called boss. But most workers would not call their employers big cheeses, top brass or brass hats to their faces. These words are not really in insulting, but either do they show great respect.

Employers also have expression to describe workers. One of them that describe a good worker is he or she works like a Trojan. This is a expression probably comes from initial writing of the Greek poet Homer. He wrote about the Trojans who lived in the city of Troy. He said Trojans worked very hard protected the city. Now the expression is often used to describe an employee who worked hard for company. A loyal hard working in employee is said to work like a Trojan. So they happy if your companies brass hats say you like a Trojan, they may consider you valuable enough to increase your pay.

This Special English Program Words and their Stories was written by Jerry Wilson. I am Susan Clark.
Homwork:

I’m Susan Clark with the Special English Program Words and Their Stories. The Italians have an old saying: “You don’t ***” The words mean it is sweet or enjoyable to do nothing. On weekends and during holidays, many of us enjoy doing nothing. But most of the time, we have to work. And to keep our job, we must work hard. Our employer will not like it if we do nothing.

American workers often called their employers bosses. The word “boss” comes from the Dutch word “boss”, meaning “master”. Sometimes company bosses are called the bras. They are also sometimes called top bras, or bras hats. Experts disagree about how these strange expressions started, but they may have come from Britten. Leaders of the 19 century British Army were pieces of metal called oclips on their hats. The metal bras have a color similar to the gold, so a leader or conmander came to be called a member of the bras. Or he might have been called a bras hat, or even the top bras. By the 1940s, the expression had spread beyond the military leaders, it also included civilian officials. A newspaper in America City of Philadelphia uses the term in 1949. It called the most important policy officials top bras.

Other expressions that mean boss or employer have nothing to do with bras or hats. One of these is big cheese. A cheese is a solid food made from milk. The expression probably started in America in the late 19 century. Some experts believed it comes from a word in a pergen or urdio languages. Cheese, the meaning is a thing, so the meaning of big cheese may be a big thing. Other experts said the word cheese in this expression was really an incorrect way of saying chief. The word chief means leader, so the expression meaning big leader. An employer usually does not object to being called boss, but most workers would not call their employers big cheeses, top bras, or bras hats to their basis. These words are not really insulting, but leader do not show their great respect.

Employers also had an expression to describe their workers, one of them that describes a good work is that he/ she works like a Trojan. This expression probably comes from the ancient writings of the Greek poet Homer. He wrote about the Trojans who lived in the city of Troy. He said Trojans worked very hard to protect their city. Now the expression is often used to describe an employee who works hard for a company. A lauror hard working employee is said to work like a Trojan. So be happy if your company’s bras hats say you work like a Trojan. They may consider you valuable enough to increase your pay.

This Special English Programs Words and Their Stories are written by J.M. I’m S.C.
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