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[探索发现] 【整理】2008-09-12 Cultural Psychology 文化心理学-3

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Hazel  Makus of Stantford University and Shinobu Kitayama of Kyoto University investigate how the self and culture continually create each other .

 

We think about peolple as culturally- shaped shapers so they're shaped by curture as they engage with these  patterns of meanings and  practices, ways of doing  everyday life  ,but they also shape the culture in the course of behaving , in the course of talking to other people, in the course of acting , in the course of making products and putting them into the world.

 

Human nature , in the ways of being human , ways of being  a person ,the ways of having a mind are very much tied to the patterning  of those social world that you are part of .

 

Markus and Kitayama call this process  of shaping and being shaped  mutual constitution.But in different cultural  settings ,it can produce very different psychological processes .They  describe two of these  possible modes of being  as independent and interdependent .Be independent mode of  being can been seen   most clearly in the United  States and western  Europe .The interdependent way is  more characteristic of east- Asian societies.

 

In European and American cultural studyings ,individuals think about themselves as  responsible for behavior as in control.They control their worlds by influencing oher people. It's important to see what's important  to you , if  someone asks you what you like  ,say ,I want a Diet coca and a turkey sandwich  and say it very directly and be sure of  yourself and make quick decisions .

 

For many European Amerians making choices defines the  self  as  unique and positive .

It  even influences how Americans treat their guests .At a party ,  American hosts  would often  say "help yourself ."This statement would  seem odd  to many east Asians  .

 

In Japanese ,cultural practice , greeting the guest ,wouldn't involve anything  like offering a  choice.

homework

 

Hazel Rose Markus of Stanford University and ** of Kiyoto University, investigate how the self and culture continually create each other.

 

We think about people as culturally shape shapers, so they are shaped by culture as they engaged with these patens of meanings and practices ways of doing everyday life. But they also shape the culture in the course of behaving, in the course of talking to other people, in the course of acting,  in the course of making products and putting them into the world. Human nature and the ways of being the ways of being person the ways of having a mind are very much tight to compatiting of those social worlds that you are part of.

 

HM called this process of shaping and being shaped mutual constitution. But in different culture settings, it can produce very different psychological processes. They describe two of those possible mo ** of being as independent and interdependent. The independent motive being can be seen mostly clearly in the American and west Europe. The interdependent way is more characteristic of East Asian societies.

 

European and American culture studying individual think about themselves as responsible for behavior as in control. They control the world by influencing other people. It’s important to say it’s important for you someone ask you what you like, say I want a diacgk a turkey sand wage say  it every directly and be sure of your self and make quick decision.

 

For many years penerr Americans, making choices to find the self as you need and positive, it even influences how the Americans treat their guests. At a party American host often say, help yourself. These stays to be odd to east Asians.

 

In Japanese culture practice, greeting at the guest, would involved anything like all find a choice.

 

 

 

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homework

hazel markus of stanford university and shinobo kitayama of kiyoto university investigate how the self in culture continuely creat each other.

 

we think about people as culturely sharped sharpers,so they are sharped by culture as they engaged where these partens of meanings and practise the ways of doing everyday life.but they also sharp the culture in the course of behavings.in course of talking the other people ,in the course of acting .in the course of making products and putting them into the world.

 

human nature and the ways of being human and the ways of being a person. the ways of having a mind ,and very much tie to patterning of those social worlds that you are a part of markus and kitayama call this process of sharping and being sharped mutual constitution. with the differents cultures settings,its can produce very differents psychology processes.

 

they have described two of these possible modes of beings as independent and interdependent. the independent mode of being can be seen most clearly in united states and western europe.the interdependent way is more characteristic of east asian society.

 

in europian and american culture settings. individuals think about themselves as who responsible for behavior as in control, they control their world by influence other people.it's important to say what's important to you.when someone ask what's you like say. i want a diet coke and turky sandwich. and say it very directly and be sure of youself and make quick decisions

 

for many european and amercians,marking choices and defines themselves as unique and positive.it's even inflence how an american treats their guests.at a party american host often say help yourself.this statement would seen odd to many east asians .

 

in japanese culture practise ,greeting a guest wouldn't involve anything like offering a choice

[ 本帖最后由 guogai 于 2008-9-23 17:06 编辑 ]
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[Homework]【整理】2008-09-12 Cultural Psychology 文化心理学-3

....and ....investigate  how the self and culture continually create each other.we think about people as culturally-shaped shapers ,so they are shaped by culture as they engage with these patterns of meanings and practices ,ways of doing everyday life ,but they also shape the culture in the course of behaving ,in the course of talking to other people ,in the course of acting ,in the course of making products and putting  them into the world.human nature and the ways of being human ,the ways of being a person ,the ways of having a mind are very much tied to the patterning of these social worlds that you are part of it, ....called this process of shaping in being shaped mutual constitution.with the different settings you can produce very different pyschological processes ,they have described two of these possible moods of  being as independent and interdependent.the independent mood being can be seen  most clearly in the united state and  western europe .the interdepent way is more characteristic of east asian societies ,in european and american cultural settings ,individual think ahout themselves as responsible for behavior as in control,they control their world by influencing other people ,it is important  to say what is important to you when someone asks what you  like ,say ,i want a  diet coka ,and a turkey sandwich ,say it very directly and be sure of yourself and make quick decisions ,for many european americans, making choices defines the self as unique and positive.it even influences how americans treat their guests,at a pary ,american hosts  will often  say ,help yourself , this statement would seem odd to many east asians .in japanese cultural practice ,greeting a guest wouldn't invovle anything like offering a choice.
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HW

// Marks at Stanford University, and Sheer Lock Yama of Kyoto University investigate how the self and culture continuing create each other.

We think about people as culturally shaped shaper, those they shaped by culture as they engaged with these patterns of meanings and practices, the ways of doing everyday life. But they also shape the culture, in the course of behavior, in the course of touching the other people, in the course of acting, in the course of making products and putting them into the world.   

Human nature, and the ways of being as human ways of being // the ways having in mind are very much tie to the pattern in of those social wall that you are pod of.

Marks and Kiti Yama called this process of shaping and being shape, mutual constitution. But in different culture study, you can produce very different psychological process. They under scribe two of these possible model being as independent and interdependent.

The independent model being can you see in most clearly in United States and Western Europe. The interdependent way is more characteristically of East Asian society.

In European and American culture studying, individuals think about themselves as responsible for behavior as in control. They control the worlds by influence other people. Its important to say what important you some one ask what you right say, I want a // // // which said very directly and be sure of yourself as they quick decision.

For many European Americans, making in choices define for self as unique and positive. It even influences how Americans treat the guests. At a party, American host will often say, help for self. This statement was seem to // to many East Asians.

In Japanese culture or practice, // and guest would not involve anything like offer in the choice.
Homework
HM->Hazel Markus of Stanford University and KY->Shinobu Kitayama of Kyoto University investigated->investigate how the self and culture continually create each other.
->. We think about people as culturally ->-shaped shapers, so->. So they were->are shaped by culture and->as they engaged->engage with these patterns of meanings and practices, ways with->of doing in everyday life. But they also shaped->shape their->the culture in the course of behaving, ->; in the course of talking to other people, ->; in the course of acting, ->; in the course of making products and putting them into the world.
->. Human nature and the way->ways of being him->human, the way->ways of being the->a person, ->; the way->ways of having a mind are very tie->much tied to the patterning of the->those social worlds that you are part of.
M->. Markus in->and K->Kitayama calls->call this process of shaping and being shaped "natural-> mutual constitution". ->. But in different cultural settings, they->it can produce very different psychological processes. They have described the two of the->these possible modes of being as independent and interdependent. Begining->The in->independent modes->mode of independent being can be seen most clearly in most->the United States and Western Europe. The->; the interdependent way is more characteristic of Eastern ->East-Asian societies.
->. In European and American cultural settings, individual->individuals thinks->think about themselves as responsible for behavior ->, as in control. They control their worlds by influencing other people.it is->. It's important to say what is->'s important to you, and->if someone ask->asks you what you like to ->, say. ->, I like->want a dioco->Diet Coke and a turkey sandwich. Say->, and say it very directly and be sure of yourself and make quick decisions.
->. For many Europeans and->European Americans, making choices defines themselves->the self as unique and impassitive->positive. It even influences how the Americans treat their guests. At the->a party, the Amrican->American hosts will often say "help yourself". The->This state->statement is->would the->seem same->odd to many estuations.
->East-Asians. In Japanese cultural practice, greeting the->a guest would same->wouldn't involved->involve anything like offering a choice. ->.
HOMEWORK

Hazel Markus of Standard University and Shinobu Kitayama of Kyoto University investigate how the self and culture continually create each other.

“We think about people as culturally shaped shapers. So they are shaped by culture as they engage with these patterns of meanings and practices, ways of doing everyday life. But they also shape the culture in the course of behaving, in the course of talking to other people, in the course of acting, in the course of making products and putting them into the world.”

“Human nature and the ways of being humans, the ways of being human, the ways of having a mind, are very much tied to the patterning of those social worlds you are part of.”

Markus and Kitayama call this process of shaping and being shaped “mutual constitution”. Within different cultural settings, it can produce very different psychological processes. They have described two of these possible modes of being as independent and interdependent. The independent mode of being can be seen most clearly in the United States and Western Europe. The interdependent way is more characteristic of East Asian societies.

“In European and American cultural settings, individuals think about themselves as responsible for behavior as in control. They control their worlds by influencing other people. It’s important to say what’s important to you. If someone asks you what you like, say, I want a diet coke and a turkey sandwich. Say it very directly and be sure of yourself and make quick decisions.”

For many European Americans, making choices defines the self as unique and positive. It even influences how Americans treat their guests. At a party, American hosts will often say: “Help yourself.” This statement would seem odd to many East Asians.

“In Japanese cultural practice, greeting a guest wouldn’t involve anything like offering a choice.”
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Homework:
H of Standford University and N of K University investigated how the self and culture continouly create each other. We think about people as culturally shaped shapers, so they are shaped by culture as they engage with these parents of meanings and practices ways of doing everyday life. but they also shape the culture in the course of behaving , in the course of talking to other poeple, in the course of acting, in the course of making products and puting them into the world.
Human nature in the ways of being human, in the ways of being a person, the ways of having human mind, are very much tied to the patterning of those social worlds that you are part of.
M and K call this process of shaping and being shaped mutual constitution. Within differnt cultural settings, they can produce very differnt psycholocial processes. They have discribed two of these possible modes of being as independent and intra-dependent. The independent modes of being can be seen most clearly in United State and western eaurope. the intra-independent is more characteristics of East Asian societies. In european and American culture settings, individual think about themselves as responsible for behavior as in control. they control their worlds by influencing other people. it is important to say what’s important to you, as someone ask you right, you say, i want a diet coke, i want a turkey sandwhich, say it very directly and be sure of yourself and make quick disicions.
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