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[report整理] SENEWS-2010-03-23

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This is VOA speical English agriculture report

  Suppose you eat rice everyday,but one day you go to the store and discover the price is more than you can pay,that happened to millions of people two years ago,at the height of food crisis,Between the April 2007 and March.2008,The price rised double in many places,

Economist named the crisis on different causes:including high energy cost   ,bad weather and use food crop lands for xxxxx production.

High food prices put many people in developing countries into poverty and hunger

Some reseachers say:People live in xxxxxx,west africa may have suffered most of all.



Geographer from three American colleges did study that will apear in the  proceedings of national academia,


  led the study,The team look at thirty years worth of information food secrurity and agriculture policy in Gambia,ivory coast and mali.Most of research settled on rice,an important crop in those three west africa countries

The researchers say gambia,ivory coast suffered more during the food crisis than Mali
They say this was because people in Gambia and Ivory coast had come to depend on imported rice,local rice production fail as the countries reduced farm support and import tax under free market reforms,that meant rice farmers  were not only earning less but facing greater competition from imports,then when the food crisis hit,The cost of foreign rice shot up

The researcher say Mali suffer less because it depended less on imported  rice,In parts geography Mali is not a coast country with ports like Ivory coast and Gambia,

Naren Spiger from orangel states of university said,after gaining independence,africa nations tried to help farmers.Government provided low cost seeds and fertilizers,They built process mills and roads to market,and they protected their market with high tariffs on imported food,but at late 1970s,those countrys no longer had much money to help farmers,So they changes policys and plan another way to improve  agriculture.Govenment send major lands like warbank,International monotary turn to three market policy,
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[Homework]SENEWS-2010-03-23

This is thia VOA Special  English Agriculture Report.
Suppose you eat rice every day. But one day you go to the store and discover that the price is more than you can pay.That happened to millions of people two years ago at the height of the world food crisis. Between April of two thousand seven and March of two thousand eight the price of rice doubled in many places.Economists blamed the crisis on different causes, including high energy costs, bad weather and the use of food-crop lands for biofuel production.High food prices pushed more people in developing countries into poverty and hunger. Some researchers say people living in cities in west Africa may have suffered most of all.Geographer from three american colleges did a study that will appear in the proceedings of the national academy of sciences. William  of  college in minneso led the study.The team looked at thirty years' worth of information on food security and agricultural policy in gambia,  coast and mali. Most of the research centered on rice, an important crop in those three West African countries.The researchers say gambia and  coast suffered more during the food crisis than Mali did. They say this was because people in gambia and coast had come to depend on imported rice.Local rice production fell after the countries reduced farm supports and import taxes under free market reforms. That meant rice farmers were not only earning less but facing greater competition from imports. Then, when the food crisis hit, the cost of foreign rice shot up.The researchers say Mali suffered less because it depended less on imported rice, in part because of geography. Mali is not a coastal country with ports like  Coast and Gambia.Laurence Becker from Oregon State University says after gaining independence, African nations tried to help farmers. Governments provided low-cost seeds and fertilizers. They built processing mills and roads to market. And they protected their markets with high tariffs on imported food.But by the late nineteen seventies and the nineteen eighties, those countries no longer had much money to help farmers. So they changed policies and tried another way to improve agriculture. Governments and major lenders like the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund turned to free market policies.We'll talk more next week about how the researchers link that change to the effects of the recent food crisis.And that's the VOA Special English Agriculture Report, written by Watson. I'm Steve Ember.
                                                   
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