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[word-lover] 【整理】2014-09-13 How to Use a Word

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[word-lover] 【整理】2014-09-13 How to Use a Word



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cristianjey在 整理的参考文本:
Transcript.

Today's word is grubstake, spelled as one word G-R-UB-S-T-A-K-E.

Grubstake is a verb that means to provide with material assistance as a loan for launching an enterprise or for a person in difficult circumstances. Here is the word used in a sentence from The Salt Lake Tribune by Eileen Hallet Stone.



"Almost simultaneously, the Auerbachs opened a series of stores. They sold merchandise on commission throughout the Western states. They grubstaked miners, held mining interests, purchased a sawmill and a 30-pack mule train."

The word grubstake is a linguistic nugget that was dug up during the famous California Gold Rush, which began in 1848. Sometime between the first stampede and the early 1860s, when the gold-seekers headed off to Montana, prospectors combined the word grub meaning "food" and stake, meaning "an interest or share in an undertaking." At first grubstake was a noun, referring to any kind of loan or provisions that could be finagled to make an undertaking possible with the agreement that the "grubstaker" would get a cut of any profits. By 1879, grubstake was also showing up as a verb meaning "to give someone a grubstake," and, since at least 1937, it has been applied to other situations in which a generous benefactor comes through with the funds.

I'm Peter Sokolowski with your Word of the Day.

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[Homework]2014-09-13 How to Use a Word

Today's word is grubstake, spelled as one word G-R-UB-S-T-A-K-E.

Grubstake is a verb that means to provide with material assistance as a loan for launching an enterprise or for a person in difficult circumstances. Here is the word used in a sentence from The Salt Lake Tribune by Eileen Hallet Stone.


Almost simultaneously, the Auerbachs opened a series of stores. They sold merchandise on commission throughout the Western states. They grubstaked miners, held mining interests, purchased a sawmill and a 30-pack mule train.

The word grubstake is a linguistic nugget that was dug up during the famous California Gold Rush, which began in 1848. Sometime between the first stampede and the early 1860s, when the gold-seekers headed off to Montana, prospectors combined the word grub meaning food and stake, meaning an interest or share in an undertaking. At first grubstake was a noun, referring to any kind of loan or provisions that could be finagled to make an undertaking possible with the agreement that the grubstaker would get a cut of any profits. By 1879, grubstake was also showing up as a verb meaning to give someone a grubstake, and, since at least 1937, it has been applied to other situations in which a generous benefactor comes through with the funds.

I'm Peter Sokolowski with your Word of the Day.

This post was generated by put listening repetition system,  Check the original dictation thread!
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