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[国际瞭望] 2015-12-29&2016-01-04 美国地震学家呼吁发展地震预警系统

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[国际瞭望] 2015-12-29&2016-01-04 美国地震学家呼吁发展地震预警系统

本帖最后由 qingchengshan 于 2015-12-28 11:37 编辑

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Call For Early Earthquake Warning System


Scientists in California develop an earthquake warning system which experts say could save thousands of lives on the west coast.

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新闻背景:

一场大地震可能会袭击美国,夺去成千上万的生命,它将在20年后、两年后还是明天到来,无人知晓。这样的灾难将督促这个国家建立一个公共地震预警系统,给人们数秒钟或数分钟时间为地震作准备。“与其等待下一场大地震刺激政治行动,我认为我们必须现在就建立一个预报体系。”美国地震学实验室主任Richard Allen说。

根据美国地质勘探局获得的数据,加利福尼亚州在未来30年内发生大地震的可能性高达99.7%,发生特大地震的可能性为46%。其中,长约810英里(约合1300公里)的圣安德里亚斯断层附近区域的地壳运动最为活跃、危险性最高。

地震学家亚历克斯·帕迪利亚是加州地震预警系统项目的参与者之一,他表示:“可别小看这几十秒的时间。它将为人们实施紧急自救提供足够的时间:利用这几十秒钟,人们可以钻到桌子底下,火车可在驶向被毁轨道前停下来,核电站可启动应急程序……总之,这几十秒可以拯救成千上万人的生命。”

美国继续投资地震预警系统,国会将拨款820万美元,用于建设地震预警系统,这比去年多了300万美元预算。

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[Homework]2015-12-29&2016-01-04 美国地震学家呼吁发展地震预警系统

There are not many geological features on the planet that hold the grip on the imagination like this one in the desert of California, this is the San Andreas Fault, 800 miles of tectonic boundary between the Pacific and North American plates, and with the potential for devastating power. No one knows when the big one is coming, but a warning system could give critical seconds to prepare, for now though this one is confined to a university lab.We are trying to make it so it's a functioning system, but at this point, the budget to actually turn it into a system that we would unleash on all Californians has not yet been approved, so it's in a sense up to the politicians.
And when you see what could happen to Los Angeles.
Some day in our future, we may have a very serious earthquake out there, and I'm sure when that happens, all of us will lament the fact that we hadn't done more to be ready for it.
We've seen the warnings on the big screen as well, and California's politicians have now demanded president Obama make the warning system real.
We will all be kicking ourselves if we are pennywise, pound foolish, and frankly it's mystifying to me to come from a technology center like California with the silicon valley where the US geological survey in places like Caltech and Berkly have developed a lot of this technology, and we don't have it in place when it's already working in Mexico, it's already working in Japan, other countries have implemented this technology, and they are far ahead of where we ought to be.
That money will pay for size and * all across California, and experts say even a few seconds warning would allow surgeons to stop a delicate operation, trains to slow down, lifts to open at the next floor, and everyone else to take cover.
They last saw a devastating earthquake here 21 years ago, experts say thousands could die in a big one today, but they are taking action, plans for a new sky scraper next to the famous Capitol Records building in Hollywood were put on hold when a fault was discovered deep below the site, and the city has ordered the most vulnerable buildings to be retrofitted to withstand the major quake, some owners have been given 25 years to do the work, no one knows whether that will come too late.
Greg M, Sky News, Los Angeles.


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  • whiteclover

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There are not many geological features on the planet that hold the grip on the imagination like this one in the desert of California, this is the San Andreas Fault, 800 miles of tectonic boundary between the Pacific and North American plates,  with the potential for devastating power.

No one knows when the big one is coming, but a warning system could give critical seconds to prepare, for now though this one is confined to a university lab.

'We are trying to make it so it's a functioning system, but at this point, the budget  actually turn it into a system that we would unleash on all Californians has not yet been approved, so it's in a sense up to the politicians.'

And when you see what could happen to Los Angeles.

'Some day in our future, we may have a very serious earthquake out there, and I'm sure when that happens, all of us will lament the fact that we hadn't done more to be ready for it.'

We've seen the warnings on the big screen as well, and California's politicians have now demanded president Obama make the warning system real.
'We will all be kicking ourselves if we are pennywise, pound foolish, and frankly it's mystifying to me to come from a technology center like California with the silicon valley where the US geological survey in places like C? and B?ly have developed a lot of this technology, and we don't have it in place where  its already working in Mexico, it's already working in Japan, other countries have implemented this technology, and they are far ahead of where we ought to be.'

'That money will pay for size make sense all across California,and experts say  even a few seconds warning  would alarm surgeons to stop dalicate operation, trains  to slow down ,leaves to open the next floor and everyone else to take cover.'

They last saw a devastating earthquake here 21 years ago, experts say thousands could die in a big one today, but they are taking action, plans for a new sky scraper next to the famous Capitol Records building in Hollywood would put on hold when a fault was discovered deep below the site, and the city has ordered the most vulnerable buildings to be retrofitted to withstand the major quake, some owners've been given 25 years to do the work, no one knows whether that will come too late.

???? Sky News, Los Angeles.
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本帖最后由 whiteclover 于 2015-12-30 15:20 编辑

There are not many geological features on the planet that hold the grip on the imagination like this one in the desert of California, this is the San Andreas Fault, 800 miles of tectonic boundary between the Pacific and North American plates, and with the potential for devastating power.

Earthquake. Earthquake.

No one knows when the big one is coming, but a warning system could give critical seconds to prepare.

Earthquake. Earthquake. Severe shaking expected in 48 seconds.

For now though this one is confined to a university lab.We are trying to make it so it's a functioning system, but at this point, the budget to actually turn it into a system that we would unleash on all Californians has not yet been approved, so it's in a sense up to the politicians.

And when you see what could happen to Los Angeles.

Some day in our future, we may have a very serious earthquake out there, and I'm sure when that happens, all of us will lament the fact that we hadn't done more to be ready for it.

We've seen the warnings on the big screen as well, and California's politicians have now demanded president Obama make the warning system real.

We will all be kicking ourselves if we are penny wise and pound foolish, and frankly it's mystifying to me to come from a technology center like California with the silicon valley where the US geological survey in places like Caltech and Berkly have developed a lot of this technology, and we don't have it in place whereas it's already working in Mexico, it's already working in Japan, other countries have implemented this technology, and they are far ahead of where we ought to be.

That money will pay for seismic sensors all across California, and experts say even a few seconds warning would allow surgeons to stop a delicate operation, trains to slow down, lifts to open at the next floor, and everyone else to take cover.
The last-saw / devastating earthquake here - 21 years ago. Experts say thousands could die in a bigger one today, but they are taking action, plans for a new sky scraper next to the famous Capitol Records building in Hollywood were put on hold when a fault was discovered deep below the site, and the city has ordered the most vulnerable buildings to be retrofitted to withstand the major quake. Some owners have been given 25 years to do the work. No one knows whether that will come too late.

Greg Milam, Sky News, Los Angeles.
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HOMEWORK

There are not many geological features on the planet that hold the grip on the imagination like this one in the desert of California. This is the San Andreas Fault, 800 miles of tectonic boundary between the Pacific and North American plates, with the potential for devastating power.

“Earthquake, earthquake.”

No one knows when the big one is coming, but a warning system could give critical seconds to prepare.

“Earthquake, earthquake. Severe shaking expected in 4.8 seconds.”

For now though, this one is confined to a university lab.

“We are trying to make it, so it’s a functioning system, but at this point, the budget to actually turn it into a system that we would unleash on all Californians has not yet been approved. So, so it’s in a sense up to the politicians. ”

And when you see what could happen to Los Angeles…

“Someday in our future we may have a very serious earthquake out there and I’m sure when that happens, all of us will lament the fact that we hadn’t done more to be ready for it.”

We’ve seen the warnings on the big screen as well, and California’s politicians have now demanded president Obama make the warning system real.

“We’ll all be kicking ourselves if we are penny-wise pound-foolish, and frankly it’s mystifying to me to come from a technology center like California with the Silicon Valley where the U.S, geological survey in places like Caltech and Berkley have developed a lot of this technology, and we don’t have any place whereas it’s already working in Mexico, it’s already working in Japan, other countries have implemented this technology, and they are far ahead of where we ought to be.”

“That money would pay for size and make sense all across California. And experts say even a few seconds warning would allow surgeons to stop a dedicate operation, trains to slow down, lifts to open at the next floor, and everyone else to take cover.”

The last saw a devastating earthquake here 21 years ago. Experts say thousands could die in a bigger one today. But they are taking action. Plans for a new skyscraper next to the famous Capitol Records building in Hollywood were put on hold when a fault was discovered deep below the site, and the city has ordered the most vulnerable buildings to be retrofitted to withstand the major quake. Some owners have been giver 25 years to do the work. No one knows whether that will come too late.

Greg Milam, Sky News, Log Angeles.
Homework

There are not many geological features on the planet that hold the grip on the imagination like this one in the desert of California. This is San Andreas Fault, 800 miles of tectonic boundary between the Pacific and North American plates, with the potential for devastating power.

No one knows when the big one is coming. But a warning system could give critical seconds to prepare. For now though this one is confined to a university lab.

We are trying to make it, so it’s a functioning system. But at this point, the budget --- turned it into a system that we would unleash on all Californians has not yet been approved, so it’s, in a sense, up to the politicians.

And when you see what would happen to Los Angles.

Some day in our future, we may have a very serious earthquake out there, I’m sure when that happens, all of us will lament the fact that we hadn’t done more to be ready for it.

We’ve seen the warnings on the big screen as well, and California’s politicians have now demanded President Obama make the warning system real.

We’ll all be kicking ourselves if we are penny wise and pound foolish. And frankly it mystifying to me, to come from a technology center like California with its Silicon Valley where the US geological survey in places like Cal-tech and Berkley have developed lots of this technology we don’t have in place whereas it’s already working in Mexico, it’s already working in Japan. Other countries have implemented this technology, and they are far ahead of where we ought to be.

But “Money would pay for size” makes sense all across California. An expert says even a few seconds warning would allow surgeons to stop a delicate operation, trains to slow down, lifts to open up at the next floor, and everyone else to take cover.

They last saw a devastating earthquake here 21 years ago. Experts say thousands could die in a bigger one today. But they are taking action. Plans for new skyscrapers next to the famous capital-record building in Hollywood would put on hold because fault was discovered deep below the site. The city has ordered the most vulnerable buildings to be retrofitted to withstand the major quake. Some owners have been given 25 years to do the work. No one knows whether that would come too late.

Greg Milan, Sky News, Los Angles
There are not many geological features on the planet that hold the grip on the imaginations like this one in the desert of California, this is the San Andreas fault, eight hundreds miles of the tectonic boundary between the Pacific and North America plates with the potential for devastating power.

"Earthquake, earthquake."

No one knows when the big one is coming, but a warning system could give critical seconds to prepare.

"Earthquake, earthquake. Severe shaking, expected in forty-eight seconds…"

For now though, this one is confined to a university lab.

"We are trying to make it so it's a functioning system, but at this point, the budget to actually turn it into a system that we would unleash on all Californians  has not yet been approved, so that's in a sense up to the politicians. "

And when you see what could happen to Los Angeles.

"Some day in our future, we may have a very serious earthquake out there. And I'm sure when that happens, all of us will lament the fact that we haven't done more to be ready for it."

We've seen the warnings on the big screen as well and California's politicians now demand President Obama make the warning system real.

"We'll all be kicking ourselves if we are penny-wise are pound-foolish, and frankly it's mystifying to me to come from a technology center like California with a silicon valley where the US geological survey in places like * and Berkley have developed a lot of technology, and we don't have any place whereas it's already working in Mexico, it's already working in Japan, other countries have implemented this technology and they are far ahead of where we ought to be."

"That money would pay for seismic sensor all across California, and experts say even a few seconds warning would allow surgeons to stop delicate operation. Trains to slow down, lifts to open at the next floor, and everyone else to take cover. "

The last saw devastating earthquake here 21 year ago, experts say thousands could die in a bigger one today. But they are taking action. Plans for new skyscraper next to the famous capitol records building in Hollywood were put on hold when a fault was discovered deep below the site. And the city has ordered the most vulnerable building to be retro-fitted to withstand the major quake. Some owners have been given 25 years to do the work. No one knows whether that will come too late.
*. sky news. Los Angeles.
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