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SENEWS-2007-09-02 Report

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Words and their stories Report





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Homework

I'm Susan Clerk with the Special English program Words and Their Stories.

The Italians have an old saying \.The words mean it is sweet or enjoyable to do nothing. On weekends and during holidays, many of us enjoy doing nothing. But most of the time we have to work. And to keep our jobs we must work hard. Our employer will not like it if we do nothing. American workers often call their employers bosses. The word boss comes from the Dutch word "brass" meaning master. Sometimes companies’ bosses are called the brass. They are also sometimes called top brass or brass hats. Experts disagree about how these strange expressions started. But they may have come from Britain. Leaders of the 19th century British army wore pieces of metal called o on their hats. The metal brass has a color similar to that of gold. So a leader or commander called to be called a member of the brass or he might be called a brass heart or even the top brass. But the 1940's the expressions had spread beyond the military leaders, it also included civilian officials. A newspaper in the American's city of F used the term in 1949. It called the most police officials top brass.

Other expressions that mean boss or employer have noting to do with brass or hats. One of these is big cheese. A cheese is a solid food made from milk. The expression probably started in America in the late 19th century. Some experts believed it comes from a word in the p\ or e language. Cheese, the meaning is a thing, so the meaning of big cheese may be a big thing. Other experts say the word cheese in this expression was really an incorrect way of saying chief. The word chief means leader so the expression may mean big leader. An employer usually does not object to be called boss. But most works will not call their employers big cheeses, top brass or brass hats to their faces. These words are really not insulting, but leaders do they show great respect.

Employers also have expressions to describe their workers. One of them that describes a good worker is that he or she works like a Trojan. The expression probably comes from the ancient writings of the great Poland Homeworker. He wrote about the Trojans who live in the city of Troy. He said Trojans worked very hard to protect their city. Now the expression is often used to describe an employee who works hard for a company. A loyal hard working employee is said to work like a Trojan. So be happy if your companies’ brass hats say you work like a Trojan. They may consider you valuable enough to increase your pay.

The Special English program Words and Their Stories was written Jerry Watterson. I'm Susan Clerk.

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I'm Susan Clark with the Special English program Words and Their Stories.

The Italians have an old saying \.The words mean it is sweet or enjoyable to do nothing. On weekends and during holidays, many of us enjoy doing nothing. But most of the time we have to work. And to keep our jobs we must work hard. Our employer will not like it if we do nothing. American workers often call their employers'' bosses''. The word boss comes from the Dutch word "baas" meaning master. Sometimes company bosses are called'' the brass''. They are also sometimes called top brass or brass hats. Experts disagree about how these strange expressions started. But they may have come from Britain. Leaders of the 19th century British army wore pieces of metal called * on their hats. The metal brass has a color similar to that of gold. So a leader or commander camed to be called a member of the Brass or he might have been called a ''brass hat'' or even ''the top brass''. By the 1940s the expression had spread beyond the military leaders, it also included civilian officials. A newspaper in the American city of Philadelphia used the term in 1949. It called the most important police officials top brass.

Other expressions that mean boss or employer have noting to do with brass or hats. One of these is big cheese. A cheese is a solid food made from milk. The expression probably started in America in the late 19th century. Some experts believed it comes from a word in the Persian or Urdu language. Cheese, the meaning is a thing, so the meaning of big cheese may be a big thing. Other experts say the word cheese in this expression was really an incorrect way of saying chief. The word chief means leader so the expression may mean big leader. An employer usually does not object to being called boss. But most workers would not call their employers big cheeses, top brass or brass hats to their faces. These words are not really insulting, but either do they show great respect.

Employers also have expressions to describe their workers. One of them that describes a good worker is that he or she works like a Trojan. This expression probably comes from the ancient writings of the Greek poet Homer. He wrote about the Trojans who lived in the city of Troy. He said Trojans worked very hard to protect their city. Now the expression is often used to describe an employee who works hard for a company. A loyal hard working employee is said to work like a Trojan. So be happy if your company's brass hats say you work like a Trojan. They may consider you valuable enough to increase your pay.

This Special English program Words and Their Stories was written by Gerry Watson. I'm Susan Clark.

实现无障碍英语沟通
homework tongue.gif
**********************
I'm Susan Clark with the Special English Program Words & their Stories.

The Italians have an old saying, "**". The words mean it is sweet or enjoyable to do nothing. On weekends and during holidays many of us enjoy doing nothing, but most of the time we have to work. And to keep our jobs we must work hard. Our employer will not like it if we do nothing.

American workers often call their employers bosses. The word "boss" comes from the Dutch word boss, meaning master. Sometimes company bosses are called the brass. They are also sometimes called top brass or brass hats. Experts disagree about how the strange expression started, but they may have come from Britain. Leaders of the 19 century British army wore pieces of metal called Oclives on their hats. The metal brass has a color similar to that of gold. So a leader or commander came to be called a member of the brass, or he might have been called a brass hat or even the top brass. By the 1940s the expression had spread beyond military leaders. It also included civilian officials. A newspaper in the American city Philadelphia use the term in 1949. It called the most important police officials "Top Brass".

Other expressions that mean boss or employer have nothing to do with brass or hats. One of these is big cheese. A cheese is a solid food made from milk. The expression probably started in the America in the late 19 century. Some experts believe it comes from a word in the Persian or Urdo languages. Cheese, the meaning is a thing. So the meaning of big cheese may be a big thing. Other experts say the word cheese in this expression was really an incorrect way of saying chief. The word chief means leader, so the expression may mean big leader.

An employer usually does not object to being called boss, but most workers would not call their employers big cheeses, top brass or brass hats to their faces. These words are not really insulting but neither do they show the great respect. Employers also have expressions to describe their workers. One of them that describe a good worker is that he or she works like a children. This expression probably comes from the ancient writings of the great poet Homer. He wrote about the childrens who lived the city of Troy. He said childrens work very hard to protect their city. Now the expression is often used to describe an employee who works hard for a company. A loyal hardworking employee is said to work like a children, so be happy if your company's brass hats say you work like a children. They may consider you valuable enough to increase your pay.

This Special English Program Words & their Stories was written by Jerilyn Watson. I'm Susan Clark.
口译专员推荐—>口译训练软件IPTAM口译通
Homework

I'm Susan Clark with the Special English program Words and Their Stories.

The Italians have an old saying ***The words mean it is sweet or enjoyable to do nothing. On weekends and during holidays, many of us enjoy doing nothing. But most of the time we have to work. And to keep our jobs we must work hard. Our employer will not like it if we do nothing.

American workers often call their employers bosses. The word “boss” comes from the Dutch word "brass" meaning master. Sometimes company bosses are called the brass. They are also sometimes called “top brass” or “brass hats”.

Experts disagree about how these strange expressions started. But they may have come from Britain. Leaders of the 19th century British army wore pieces of metal called * on their hats. The metal brass has a color similar to that of gold. So a leader or commander came to be called a member of the brass or he may have been called a “brass hat” or even the “top brass”.
By the 1940's the expressions had spread beyond the military leaders, it also included civilian officials. A newspaper in the American's city of F* used the term in 1949. It called the most important police officials “top brass”.

Other expressions that mean boss or employer have nothing to do with brass or hats. One of these is “big cheese”. A cheese is a solid food made from milk. The expression probably started in America in the late 19th century. Some experts believed it comes from a word in the p\ or all do language. Cheese, the meaning is a thing, so the meaning of big cheese may be a big thing. Other experts say the word cheese in this expression was really an incorrect way of saying chief. The word chief means leader, so the expression may mean big leader.

An employer usually does not object to being called boss. But most works would not call their employers “big cheeses”, “top brass” or “brass hats” to their faces. These words are really not insulting, but either do they show great respect.

Employers also have expressions to describe their workers. One of them that describe a good worker is that “he or she works like a Trojan”. The expression probably comes from the ancient writings of the Greek poet Homer. He wrote about the Trojans who lived in the city of Troy. He said Trojans worked very hard to protect their city. Now the expression is often used to describe an employee who works hard for a company. A loyal hard working employee is said to work like a Trojan. So be happy if your company’s brass hats say you work like a Trojan. They may consider you valuable enough to increase your pay.

The Special English program Words and Their Stories was written Gerry Waston. I'm Susan Clerk.
On 春山如笑

I'm Susan Clark with the Special English program Words and Their Stories.

The Italians have an old saying \. The words mean it is sweet or enjoyable to do nothing. On weekends and during holidays, many of us enjoy doing nothing. But most of the time we have to work. And to keep our jobs we must work hard. Our employer will not like it if we do nothing.

American workers often call their employers bosses. The word boss comes from the Dutch word "baas" meaning master. Sometimes company bosses are called the brass. They are also sometimes called top brass or brass hats. Experts disagree about how these strange expressions started. But they may have come from Britain. Leaders of the 19th century British army wore pieces of metal called oak leaves on their hats. The metal brass has a color similar to that of gold. So a leader or commander came to be called a member of the brass or he might have been called a brass hat or even the top brass. By the1940s the expression/ had spread beyond the military leaders, it also included civilian officials. A newspaper in the American city of Philadelphia used the term in 1949. It called the most important police officials top brass.

Other expressions that mean boss or employer have noting to do with brass or hats. One of these is big cheese. A cheese is a solid food made from milk. The expression probably started in America in the late 19th century. Some experts believed it comes from a word in the Persian or Urdu languages. Cheese, the meaning is a thing, so the meaning of big cheese may be a big thing. Other experts say the word cheese in this expression was really an incorrect way of saying chief. The word chief means leader, so the expression may mean big leader.

An employer usually does not object to being called boss. But most workers wiould not call their employers big cheeses, top brass or brass hats to their faces. These words are not really insulting, but neither do they show great respect.

Employers also have expressions to describe their workers. One of them that describes a good worker is that he or she works like a Trojan. This expression probably comes from the ancient writings of the Greek poet Homer. He wrote about the Trojans who lived in the city of Troy. He said Trojans worked very hard to protect their city. Now the expression is often used to describe an employee who works hard for a company. A loyal hardworking employee is said to work like a Trojan. So be happy if your company's brass hats say you work like a Trojan. They may consider you valuable enough to increase your pay.

The Special English program Words and Their Stories was written Jerry Watterson. I'm Susan Clerk.
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Homework: rolleyes.gif

I'm Susan Clark with the Special English program Words and Their Stories.

The Italians have an old saying \.The words mean it is sweet or enjoyable to do nothing. On weekends and during holidays, many of us enjoy doing nothing. But most of the time we have to work. And to keep our jobs we must work hard. Our employer will not like it if we do nothing. American workers often call their employers'' bosses''. The word boss comes from the Dutch word "baas" meaning master. Sometimes company bosses are called'' the brass''. They are also sometimes called top brass or brass hats. Experts disagree about how these strange expressions started. But they may have come from Britain. Leaders of the 19th century British army wore pieces of metal called oak leaves on their hats. The metal brass has a color similar to that of gold. So a leader or commander came to be called a member of the Brass or he might have been called a ''brass hat'' or even ''the top brass''. By the 1940s the expression had spread beyond the military leaders, it also included civilian officials. A newspaper in the American city of Philadelphia used the term in 1949. It called the most important police officials top brass.

Other expressions that mean boss or employer have noting to do with brass or hats. One of these is big cheese. A cheese is a solid food made from milk. The expression probably started in America in the late 19th century. Some experts believed it comes from a word in the Persian or Urdu language. Cheese, the meaning is a thing, so the meaning of big cheese may be a big thing. Other experts say the word cheese in this expression was really an incorrect way of saying chief. The word chief means leader. so the expression may mean big leader. An employer usually does not object to being called boss. But most workers would not call their employers big cheeses, top brass or brass hats to their faces. These words are not really insulting, but neither do they show great respect.

Employers also have expressions to describe their workers. One of them that describes a good worker is that he or she works like a Trojan. This expression probably comes from the ancient writings of the Greek poet Homer. He wrote about the Trojans who lived in the city of Troy. He said Trojans worked very hard to protect their city. Now the expression is often used to describe an employee who works hard for a company. A loyal hard working employee is said to work like a Trojan. So be happy if your company's brass hats say you work like a Trojan. They may consider you valuable enough to increase your pay.

This Special English program Words and Their Stories was written by Gerry Watson. I'm Susan Clark.
实现无障碍英语沟通
homework

I'm Susan Clark with the Special English program 'Words and Their Stories'.

The Italians have an old saying '…'. The words mean it is sweet or enjoyable to do nothing. On weekends and during holidays, many of us enjoy doing nothing. But most of the time, we have to work and to keep our jobs, we must work hard. Our employer will not like it if we do nothing.

American workers often call their employers ' bosses’. The word 'boss' comes from the Dutch word 'baas' meaning master. Sometimes company bosses are called the 'brass'. They are also sometimes called 'top brass' or 'brass hats'.

Experts disagree about how the strange expression started, but they may have come from Britain. Leaders of the 19th century British army wore pieces of metal called oak leaves on their hats. The metal brass has the color similar to that of gold. So a leader or a commander came to be called a member of the brass or he might have been called a brass hat or even the top brass.

By the 1940s, the expression had spread beyond military leaders. It also included civilian officials. A newspaper in an American city of Philadelphia used the term in 1949. It called the most important policy officials top brass. Other expressions that mean boss or employer have nothing to do with brass or hats. One of these is 'big cheese'. A cheese is a solid food made from milk.

The expression probably started in America in the late 19th century. Some experts believe it comes from a word in a Persian or Urdu languages. Cheese, the meaning is a thing. So the meaning of ' big cheese' may be a big thing. Other experts say the word cheese and its expression was really in incorrect way of saying chief. The word chief means leader. So the expression may mean big leader.

An employer usually does not object to being called boss. But most workers would not call their employers big cheeses, top brass or brass hats to their faces. These words are not really insulting but neither do they show great respect.

Employers also have expressions to describe their workers. One of them that describes a good worker is that he or she works like a Trojan. This expression probably comes from the ancient writings of the great poet Homer. He wrote about the Trojans who lived in the city of Troy. He said Trojans worked very hard to protect their city. Now the expression is often used to describe an employee who works hard for a company. A loyal, hardworking employee is said to work like a Trojan. So be happy if your company's brass hats say you work like a Trojan. They may consider you valuable enough to increase your pay.

This Special English program 'Words and Their Stories 'was written by Jerry Watson. I'm Susan Clark.
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Homework

I'm Susan C. with the Special English program Words And Their Stories.

The Italians have an old saying "". The words mean it is sweet or enjoyable to do nothing. On weekends and during holidays, many of us enjoy doing nothing. But most of the time we have to work, and to keep our jobs we must work hard. Our employer will not like it if we do nothing.

American workers often call their employers bosses. The word boss comes from the Dutch word "/" meaning master. Sometimes company bosses are called the brass. They are also sometimes called top brass or brass hats. Experts disagree about how these strange expressions started, but they may have come from Britian. Leaders of the 19th century British army wore pieces of metal called / on their hats. The metal brass has a color smimilar to that of gold. So a leader or commander came to be called a member of the brass, or he might have been called brass hat or even the top brass. By the 1940s, the expression had spread beyond military leaders, it also included civilian officials. A newspaper in the American city of / used the term in 1949. It called the most important police officials top brass.

Other expressions that mean boss or employer have nothing to do with brass or hats. One of these is big cheese, a cheese is a solid food made from milk. The expression probably started in America in the late 19th century. Some experts believe it comes from a word in the / or / languages. Cheese, the meaning is a thing, so the meaning of a big cheese may be a big thing. Other experts say the word "cheese" in the expression was really incorrect way of saying chief. The word "chief" means leader, so the expression may mean big leader.

An employee usually does not object to being called boss, but most of workers would not call their employers big cheeses, top brass or brass hats to their faces. These words are not really insulting, but niether do they show great respect.

Employers also have expressions to describe their workers. One of them that describes a good worker is that he or she works like /. This expression probably comes from the ancient writings of the Greek poet Homer. He wrote about the / who lived in the city of Troy. He said / worked very hard to protect their city. Now the expression is often used to describe an employee who works hard for a company. A loyal hard working employee is said to work like a /. So be happy if your company's brass hats say you work like a /. They may consider you valuable enough to increase your pay.

This Special English program Words And Their Stories was written by Jerry Watson. I'm Susan C.
on kooblackfridayster

I'm Susan Clark with the Special English program Words and Their Stories.

The Italians have an old saying "…". The words mean it is sweet or enjoyable to do nothing. On weekends and during holidays, many of us enjoy doing nothing. But most of the time we have to work. And to keep our jobs we must work hard. Our employer will not like it if we do nothing.

American workers often call their employers bosses. The word "boss" comes from the Dutch word "baas" meaning master. Sometimes company bosses are called the brass. They are also sometimes called "top brass" or "brass hats".

Experts disagree about how the strange expressions started. But they may have come from Britain. Leaders of the 19th century British army wore pieces of metal called "oak leaves" on their hats. The metal brass has a color similar to that of gold. So a leader or commander came to be called a member of the brass or he might have been called a brass hat or even the top brass. By the 1940s the expression had spread beyond the military leaders, it also included civilian officials. A newspaper in the American city of Philadelphia used the term in 1949. It called the most important policy officials top brass.

Other expressions that mean boss or employer have noting to do with brass or hats. One of these is "big cheese". A cheese is a solid food made from milk. The expression probably started in America in the late 19th century. Some experts believe it comes from a word in the Persian or Urdu languages. Cheese, the meaning is a thing, so the meaning of big cheese may be a big thing. Other experts say the word cheese in this expression was really in incorrect way of saying chief. The word chief means leader, so the expression may mean big leader.

An employer usually does not object to being called boss. But most workers would not call their employers big cheeses, top brass or brass hats to their faces. These words are not really insulting, but neither do they show great respect.

Employers also have expressions to describe their workers. One of them that describes a good worker is that he or she works like a Trojan. This expression probably comes from the ancient writings of the Greek poet Homer. He wrote about the Trojans who lived in the city of Troy. He said Trojans worked very hard to protect their city. Now the expression is often used to describe an employee who works hard for a company. A loyal, hardworking employee is said to work like a Trojan. So be happy if your company's brass hats say you work like a Trojan. They may consider you valuable enough to increase your pay.

The Special English program Words and Their Stories was written Jerry Watterson. I'm Susan Clerk.
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天下英雄出我辈,一入江湖岁月催,皇图霸业谈笑中,不胜今日一场醉...
homework

I'm Susan Clark with the Special English program 'words and their stories'.

The Italians have an old saying you doltch far niedy(瞎拼的). The words mean it is sweet or enjoyable to do nothing. On weekends and during holidays, many of us enjoy doing nothing. But most of the time we have to work. And to keep our jobs we must work hard. Our employer will not like it if we do nothing.

American workers often call their employers 'bosses'. The word 'boss' comes from the dutch word 'baas' meaning master. Sometimes company bosses are called the brass. They are also sometimes called top brass or brass hats. Experts disagree about how these strange expressions started. But they may have come from Britain. Leaders of the 19th century British army wore pieces of metal called oak leaves on their hats. The metal brass has a color similar to that of gold. So a leader or commander came to be called a member of the brass or he might have been called a brass hat or even the top brass.

By the 1940s the expression had spread beyond the military leaders, it also included civilian officials. A newspaper in the American city of Philadelphia used the term in 1949. It called the most important police officials top brass.

Other expressions that mean boss or employer have noting to do with brass or hats. One of these is 'big cheese'. A cheese is a solid food made from milk. The expression probably started in America in the late 19th century. Some experts believed it comes from a word in the Persian or Urdu languages. Cheese, the meaning is a thing, so the meaning of big cheese may be a big thing.

Other experts say the word cheese and its expression was really an incorrect way of saying chief. The word chief means leader, so the expression may mean big leader. An employer usually does not object to being called boss. But most workers would not call their employers 'big cheeses', 'top brass' or 'brass hats' to their faces. These words are not really insulting, but neither do they show great respect.

Employers also have expressions to describe their workers. One of them that describes a good worker is that he or she works like a Trojan. This expression probably comes from the ancient writings of the Greek poet Homer. He wrote about the Trojans who lived in the city of Troy. He said Trojans worked very hard to protect their city. Now the expression is often used to describe an employee who works hard for a company. A loyal hardworking employee is said to work like a Trojan. So be happy if your company's brass hats say you work like a Trojan. They may consider you valuable enough to increase your pay.

The Special English program Words and Their Stories was written Jerry Watson. I'm Susan Clark.
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HOMEWORK
I'm Susan Clark with Special English program Words and Their Stories.

The Italians have an old saying *.The words mean it is sweet or enjoyable to do nothing. On weekends and during holidays, many of us enjoy doing nothing. But most of the time we have to work. and to keep our jobs we must work hard. Our employer will not like it if we do nothing. American workers often call their employers bosses . The word boss comes from the Dutch word baas meaning master. Sometimes company bosses are called the brass. They are also sometimes called top brass or brass hats. Experts disagree about how these strange expressions started. But they may have come from Britain. Leaders of 19th century British army wore pieces of metal called * on their hats. The metal brass has a color similar to that of gold. So a leader or commander came to be called a member of the Brass or he might have been called a brass hat or even the top brass . By the 1940s the expression had spread beyond the military leaders.It also included civilian officials. A news paper in the American city of Philadelphia used the term in 1949. It called the most important police officials top brass. Other expressions that mean boss or employer have noting to do with brass or hats. One of these is big cheese. A cheese is a solid food made from milk. The expression probably started in America in the late 19th century. Some experts believed it comes from a word in the * or Urdu language. Cheese, the meaning is a thing. So the meaning of big cheese may be a big thing. Other experts say the word cheese in this expression was really an incorrect way of saying chief. The word chief means leader.So the expression may mean big leader. An employer usually does not object to being called boss. But most workers would not call their employers big cheeses, top brass or brass hats to their faces. These words are not really insulting, but need do they show great respect.
Employers also have expressions to describe their workers. One of them that describes a good worker is that he or she works like a Trojan. This expression probably comes from the ancient writings of the Greek poet Homer. He wrote about the Trojans who lived in the city of Troy. He said Trojans worked very hard to protect their city. Now the expression is often used to describe an employee who works hard for a company. A loyal hard working employee is said to work like a Trojan. So be happy if your company's brass hats say you work like a Trojan. They may consider you valuable enough to increase your pay.

This Special English program Words and Their Stories was written by Gerry Watson. I'm Susan Clark.
on yhh8204

I'm Susan Clark with the Special English program Words and Their Stories.

The Italians have an old saying "…". The words mean it is sweet or enjoyable to do nothing. On weekends and during holidays, many of us enjoy doing nothing. But most of the time we have to work. And to keep our jobs we must work hard. Our employer will not like it if we do nothing.

American workers often call their employers "bosses". The word "boss" comes from the Dutch word "baas" meaning master. Sometimes company bosses are called the brass. They are also sometimes called "top brass" or "brass hats".

Experts disagree about how the strange expression started. But they may have come from Britain. Leaders of the 19th century British army wore pieces of metal called "oak leaves" on their hats. The metal brass has a color similar to that of gold. So a leader or commander came to be called a member of the brass or he might have been called a brass hat or even the top brass. By the 1940s the expression had spread beyond the military leaders, it also included civilian officials. A newspaper in the American city of Philadelphia used the term in 1949. It called the most important police officials top brass.

Other expressions that mean boss or employer have noting to do with brass or hats. One of these is "big cheese". A cheese is a solid food made from milk. The expression probably started in America in the late 19th century. Some experts believe it comes from a word in the Persian or Urdu languages. Cheese, the meaning is a thing, so the meaning of "big cheese" may be a big thing. Other experts say the word cheese and its expression was really in incorrect way of saying chief. The word chief means leader, so the expression may mean big leader.

An employer usually does not object to being called boss. But most workers would not call their employers big cheeses, top brass or brass hats to their faces. These words are not really insulting, but neither do they show great respect.

Employers also have expressions to describe their workers. One of them that describes a good worker is that he or she works like a Trojan. This expression probably comes from the ancient writings of the Greek poet Homer. He wrote about the Trojans who lived in the city of Troy. He said Trojans worked very hard to protect their city. Now the expression is often used to describe an employee who works hard for a company. A loyal, hardworking employee is said to work like a Trojan. So be happy if your company's brass hats say you work like a Trojan. They may consider you valuable enough to increase your pay.

The Special English program Words and Their Stories was written Jerry Watson. I'm Susan Clark.
口译专员推荐—>口译训练软件IPTAM口译通
Homework

I'm Susan Clerk with the Special English program Words and Their Stories.

The Italians have an old saying "...".The words mean it is sweet or enjoyable to do nothing. On weekends and during holidays, many of us enjoy doing nothing, but most of the time, we have do work. And to keep our jobs, we must work hard. Our employer will not like it if we do nothing.

American workers often call their employers "bosses". The word boss comes from the dutch word "baas" meaning master. Sometimes company bosses are called "the brass". They are also sometimes called "top brass" or "brass hat".

Experts disagree about how these strange expressions started, but they may have come from Britain. Leaders of the 19th century British Army wore pieces of metal called ? on their hats. The metal brass has a color similar to that of gold. So a leader or commander came to be called a member of the brass, or he might have been called a "brass hat" , or even the "top brass".

By the 1940s, the expression has spreaded beyond the military leaders. It also included civilian officials. A news paper in the American city of ? used the term in 1949. It called the most important policy officials "top brass".

Other expressions that mean boss or employer have nothing to do with brass or hat. One of these is "big cheese". A cheese is solid food make from milk. The expression probably started in the America in the late 19th century. Some experts believe it comes from a word in the ? or ? languages.

Cheese, the meaning is a thing. So the meaning of "big cheese" may be a big thing. Other experts say the word cheese in this expression was really an incorrect way of saying chief. The word chief means leader. So the expression may mean the leader. An exployer usually does not object to being called boss. But most workers will not call their employers "big cheeses", "top brass", or "brass hats" to their faces. These words are not really ?, but neither do they show great respect.

Employers also have the expressions to describe their workers. One of them that describes a good worker is that he or she works like a ?. This expression probably comes from the ancient writings of the Greek poet Homer. It wrote about the Trojans who lived in the city of Troy. He said Trojans worked very hard to protect their city. Now the expression is often used to describe an employee who works hard for a company. A loyal hard working employee is said to work like a Trojan. So be happy if your company's brass hat say you work like a Trojan. They may consider you valuable enough to increase your pay.

This Special English program Words and Their Stories was written by J.W. I'm Susan Clerk.
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