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[Report] SENEWS-2007-12-30 Report

提高英语听力能力 找对方法很重要!
I am Susan Clauk with special English program, words and their stories.
A woman from Japan was telling a friend about the trip to the United Statess. The woman has visited major business and investment companies in New York city and Chicago. 'I studied English before I left home', she said. But I still was not sure people were speaking English. Her problem is easy to understand, Americans in business are like people who are in business anywhere. They have their language of their own.
Some of words and expressions deal with special areas of their work. Other expressions are borrowed from different kinds of their work, such as thetra and movie industry. One such thing is get your act together. When things go wrong in business and employer may get angry. He may shout: Stopping mistakes. Get your act together.
Or if employer is calmer, he may say:' Let's get our act together'. Either way, the meaning is the same. 'Getting your act together' is getting organized. In business it usually means to develop the call and orderly plan of action. It is diffcult to tell exactly where the saying began. But it is probable that was in the thetra or movie industry. Perhaps one of the actors was nervous and made a lot of mistakes. The director may have said ' come down now'. Get your act together.
Words expert, Jams Roger, says the expression was common by the late 1970s. Mr. Roger says the Machester Guardian in Newspaper used it in 1978. The newspaper said a reformed policy required that British government get its act together. Now this expression is often heard when the offical company need. One company even called its yearly report getting our act together.
The Japanese visitor was confused by another expression used by American business people. It is 'Cut to the chase'. She heard that expression when she attended an important meeting of one company. One offical gave a very long report. It was not very intersting. In fact some people at the meeting were falling in sleep. Finally the president of company said ' cut to the chase' . Cut to the chases means to stop spending so much time on details and unimportant material. Hurry and get to the good part.
Naturally these says were started by people who make movies. Hollywood movie producers believe that most Americans want to see action movies. Many of their movie show seems in which the actors chase each other, in cars, or airplans or on foot.
Cut is the director's word for stop. The director means to stop filming, lead out some material and get to chase now. So if your employer tells you to cut to the chase be sure to get to the main point of your story quickly.
These words and their story program were writtern by Jerry Waston. I am Susan Clauk.
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