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[文化博览] 【整理】文化 2008-01-05, Beethoven 贝多芬 - 03

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Beethoven’s mother died of consumption. The inscription says: she is such a good kind mother to me, and indeed my best friend.

His father became more and more alcoholic to finally become the case that Beethoven had to ask for his father’s salary to be given to him directly so he could take care of his brothers. When Beethoven’s father died, the elector quitted that it is too bad to be declined tax revenue from licker.

The elector of Bonn Maximilian Franz was the patron of young Ludwig van. The Electoral palace was the centre of musical life. Today it is the town university. When Beethoven was 12, his teacher Neefe predicted he would surely become a second Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart while he too continued as he had begun. In 1790, the emperor JosephⅡdied and Beethoven was asked to write a memorial celebration. The composer was only 19.

We tended to think perhaps Beethoven was a latter developed season of Mozart. But he did some remarkable work very on his own. I think perhaps outstanding work at his years old in Bonn was he can cantata on the death of JosephⅡ to which year in 1790. Now this is very very powerful work indeed for a boy of 19 *.
The use of very pregnant dramatic motives writes to the beginning. In pieces instantly on the mind, there is general intensity about the writing which is very distinguished Beethovenlism. And one thing makes it outstanding is, of course, the physical skills. And he composed these for electoral orchestra of which he was a member to play. And he just would not play. It was too difficult. And the wind section, particularly, looked at the score said this is impossible, and it was actually never performed.

What is the essential in Beethoven’s music is dynamics. When it is loud, when it is soft. Previous composers would have soft section they will build up to loud section. Not Beethoven, loud one moment, soft the next, very loud, very soft. And those dynamics are again pure Beethoven.

These are revolutionary times. In august 1792, Louis 16th was rested and would soon go to the guillotine in Paris. In October, the elector fled Bonn because of French troops on Rhine area. Beethoven left a week latter to travel to Vienna to study with Joseph Haydn. We would never return to Bonn.
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