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[文化博览] 【整理】文化 2008-02-05, Beethoven 贝多芬 - 16

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[文化博览] 【整理】文化 2008-02-05, Beethoven 贝多芬 - 16

Beethoven 贝多芬传

犹如蛟龙游遍浩瀚的大海,音乐王国哪里都有他翱翔的身影。他的后辈不可能将他的成就作为起点,只能重新做起,因为他的先辈已经到达艺术的绝顶!----《贝多芬传》






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The first sketches for the opening movement of the Ninth Symphony date from 1816. But the intensive work was done in this house in Baden 17 years later. Over 600 pages of sketches survive. Beethoven had asked whether the Philharmonic Society of London might be interested in commissioning a grand symphony and they offered him 50 pounds for two symphonies. The idea of setting Schiller's Ode to Joy to music dates back to Beethoven's time in Bonn. The sketchbook showed how he wrote out the words of the Ode to Joy and put it in the bars, but at first with no tune. He laboriously refined the famous melody and hinted that throughout the symphony.

In the amidst of the first movement, we suddenly hear this, which is very similar to… and in the second movement, even in the right key, we have…And in the third movement, there is this...All
alluding to finally…
So there's a wonderful thread that leads you right through the symphony. It's totally subconscious in the sort of thing that later composers, Mahler, particularly in his Ninth Symphony used to stunning effect.

Beethoven had a very special relationship with singers and with
choruses because he imagined them as a kind of ideal group of people who get together through the power of music. And in the last movement of the Ninth Symphony, this is very clear. It's as if he's saying that just by people singing together, something happens to them. They are changed through the power of music. This is Beethoven.

It was a great success at his first performance. Beethoven was on the stage conducting to the side of the real conductor. And at the end of it, he couldn't hear the applause of course. And they had to turn him round to face the audience to hear the applause. Wonderfully moving moment. And yet he was actually quite disappointed that this symphony didn't earn him as much money as he expected it to.

 

Philharmonic

adj (esp in names of orchestras, music societies, etc) devoted to or loving music (尤用於管弦乐队﹑ 音乐社团等名称中)爱好音乐的: the London Philharmonic Orchestra 伦敦爱乐管弦乐团.

 

ode

a poem or song written in order to praise a person or thing

 

allude

v [Ipr] ~ to sb/sth (fml ) mention sb/sth briefly or indirectly 提及﹑ 暗指或暗示某人[某事物]: You alluded to certain developments in your speech what exactly did you mean? 你在讲话中提到某些发展--确切的意思是什麽呢?

 

chorus

(usu large) group of singers; choir (通常为大型的)合唱团; 唱诗班

piece of music, usu part of a larger work, composed for such a group 合唱曲

[ 本帖最后由 Alick 于 2008-3-18 19:44 编辑 ]

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点!尔何如?鼓瑟希,铿尔,舍瑟而作,对曰:异乎三子者之撰。子曰:何伤乎?亦各言其志也。曰:莫春者,春服既成,冠者五六人,童子六七人,浴乎沂,风乎舞雩,咏而归。夫子喟然叹曰:吾与点也。
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