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[Report] 2008-03-16

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     Now, the VOA Special English Program.:Words and their stories.
     Cold weather has a great effect on how our minds and our bodies work.Maybe that is why there are so many expressions that use the word "cold". For centuries,  the body's blood has been linked closely with the emotions . People who show no human emotions or feelings, for example, are said to be cold-blooded. Cold-blooded people act in crul ways. They may do brutal things to others and not by accident. For example , a newspaper says the police are searching for a cold-blooded killer. The killer murders someone not in self- defence or because he was reacting to anger or fear. He seems to kill for no reason and with no emotion as if taking someone's life meant nothing.
     Cold can affect other parts of the body. The feet, for example, heavy socks can warm your feet if your feet are really cold. But there is an expression to get cold-feet that has nothing to do with cold or your feet. The expression means being afraid to do sth you had decided to do. For example ,you are agreed to be President of an orgnization, but then, you learn that all the other officers have resigned. All word of the organization will be your responsibility. You are likely to get cold feet about being president when you understand the situation.
     Cold can also affect your shoulder. You give someone the cold shoulder when you refuse to speak to them. You treat them in the distant cold way. The expression probably comes from the physical act of turning your back toword someone. Instead of speaking to someone  face to face. You may give a cold shoulder to a friend who has not kept a promise he made to you or to someone who has lied about you to others.
      A cold fish is not a fish, it is a person. But it is the person who is unfriendly, unemotional and shows no love or warm. A cold fish doesn't offer much of himself to anyone. Someone who is a cold fish could be cold- hearted. Now a cold-hearted person is someone who has no sympathy. Several popular songs in resent years were about cold-hearted men or cold-hearted women who without feeling broke the hearts of their lovers.  Out in the cold is the expressions often heard. It means not getting something that everybody else got. A person might say that everyboby but him get a pay that he was lift out in the cold. And it is not a present place to be.
    This VOA special english program: Words and Their Stories was written by Marilne Christinana.

 

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