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[word-lover] 【整理】2008-04-13,Words and Their Stories

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Now WORDS AND THEIR STORIES, a VOA Special English program about American expressions. I am R.C..

 

Expressions made of “ hold”. “can’t hold a candal too” is a popular expression. It is from the time before electricity when people used candles for light. Someone who lived in a big house would  have servant like his way by holding a candle. The expression meant the person who can not hold the candle to you is not fit even to be  your servant. Now it means such person can not compare or compete. In the following song, singer D.P. tells her lovers her old friends and old lovers can not compare with him. (music)

 

Another expression is “hold your tongue”. It means to be still and not talk. Hold your tongue is not something you would tell your friends. But parents or teachers may use this expression to quiet a  noisy child.

 

 “Hold out” is another expression one hears often in sports  reports and labor news. It means to refuse to play or work. Professional football or baseball players hold out if their team refuses to pay them what they think they are worth. Members of unions hold out and refuse to work. until they got the agreement they want.

 

The expression “hold up” has several different meanings. One is robbery. A man with a gun may say: “ This is a hold up! give me your money!” Another meaning is to delay. A driver lates for work may tell his boss “I was held up by heavy traffic.” Someone who is lost in the way to work say : “Sorry !boss I was held up by a holdup.” Still another meaning of this expression is for a story to be considered true after investigation. The same driver lates for work, may say: “my boss did not believe a hodup holds me up. But police confirm what I said.” So my story held up.

 

 “Hold down” is another expression. It often means wait or stop. As you leave for school,  your brother may say: “hold down! You forgot your books.”

 

 Our final expression is “ hold the line”. That means to keep a problem or situation from getthing worse to hold stady. For example the president may say he would hold the line on taxes. He means there will be no increase in taxes. Now I must hold the line on this probram I have no more time left today.

 

This VOA Special English program-- WORDS AND THEIR STORIES was written by F.B. I am R.C.

 

 

Man muss lernen, solange man lebt!
   It is never too old to learn new things.
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