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[word-lover] 【整理】2008-04-27 Words and Their Stories

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Now,the VOA Special English Program Words and Their Stories. American English is full of colourful expressions.One such expression is to touch all bases .It comes from the sport of baseball.There are four bases in baseball:first,second,and third.The fourth is home plate.Together the bases form a diamond shape.When a baseball player hits the ball,he must run to each base in order and touch it with his foot.It is the only way to score a point.If the player hits the ball and fails to touch all the bases,the point will not be counted.The importance of touching all the bases was shown at the start of 1974 baseball season. was a player in the team.He was seeking the record for hitting the most home runs.A home run is a ball that is hit over the wall. needed just one home run to equal the record held by ,the greatest hitter in baseball history. got home run the very first time he had a chance to hit the ball.He sent the ball over the wall that surrounded the playfield that gave him 714 home runs,the same as .After that day,baseball fans held their breath every time it's 's turn to hit.When what is hit home run number 715,the wait was not long.In the second week of season, again hit the ball over the wall.He had 's record,but first he had to run around the four bases.The other players on his team watched carefully to make sure he touched each one.If he did not,the home run would not have counted.There would have been no new record.So to touch all bases means to do what is necessary to complete an activity.The expression is used in business and politics.No business deal or political campaign is really complete until you discuss all the issue involved or, as is said,until you touch all bases.Even professional diplomats use this expression as well as others that come from baseball.A diplomat reporting on negotiations with diplomats from different countries may say they touched all bases during many hours of talks.This means they explored all issues involved in the situation.Perhaps they did this after expressing hope that they could play ball with each other,meaning that they could learn to cooperate.Sports reporters write about fast moving lively events.They must develop way of writing that goes straight to the point.Their duty is to give the reader a complete picture of event in as few words as possible.They must touch all the bases as quickly as they can.
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