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[word-lover] 【整理】2008-04-27 Words and Their Stories

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   Now the VOA special English program words and their stories.
   American English is full of colorful expressions. One such expression is to touch all bases. It comes from the sport baseball. There are four bases in baseball, first, second, and third, the fouth is home plate. Together, the basesball is a diamond shape. When the baseball player hits the ball he must run to each base in order, and touch it with his foot. It is the only way to score a point. If the player hits the ball and fails to touch all the bases, the point will not be counted.
   The importance of touching all the bases was shown at the start of 1974 baseball season. Hank Aaron was a player of the Atalantic team. he was seeking the record for hitting the most homeruns. A homerun is a ball that it hits over the wall. Hank Aaron  needed just one homerun to equal the record held by Babe Ruth, the greatest hitter in the baseball history.
   Hank Aaron got that homerun the very first he had the chance to hit the ball. He sent the ball over the wall that surround playing feild, that gave him 714 homeruns, the same as Babe Ruth.
   After that day, baseball funs held their breath every time it is Hank Aaron's turn to hit. When would he hit the homerun number 715, was not wait long. In the second week of the season, Aaron again hit the ball over the wall. he had beaten Babe Ruth's record. But first he had to run around the four bases. The other players on his team watched carefully to make sure he touched each one. If he did not, the homerun would not have counted. There would have been no new record.
   So to touch all bases means to do what is necessary to complete in activity. The expression is used in business and politics. No business deal or politics campaign is really completed until you discuss all the issuses involved, or as it is said until you touch all the bases. Even professional diplomats use this expression as well as others come from baseball. A diplomat in reporting negotiation with diplomats from different countries may say they touch all bases during many hours of talks. This means they explored all issuses invovled in the situation. Perhaps they did this after expressing hope that they could play ball with each other, meaning they could learn to cooperate.
   Sports reporter writes about fast moving lively events. They must develop a way of writing that goes straight to the point. Their duty is to give the reader a complete picture of the event in as few words as possible. They must touch all bases as quickly as they can.
   This VOA Special English special program -- Words And Their Stories was written by Mike B. this is Bob Doughty.

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