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[word-lover] 【整理】2008-04-27 Words and Their Stories

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Homework

 

American english is full of colourful expressions. One such expression is to touch all bases. It comes from the sport of baseball.

 

There are four bases in baseball—first, second and third, the forth is home plate. Together, the base’s form are dimond shape. When a baseball player hits the ball, he must run to each base in order and touch it with his foot. It is the only way to score a piont. If the player hits the ball and fails to touch all the bases, the piont will not be counted.

 

The importance of touching all the bases was shown at the start of the 1974 baseball season. Aaron was a player with the Atlanta brave’s team. He was seeking the record for heading the most homerounds. A homeround is a ball that is hit over the wall. Aaron needed just one homeround to equal the record held by Ruth—the greatest hitter in baseball history. Aaron got that homeround the very first time he had a chance to hit the ball. He sent the ball over the wall that’s surrounded the plain field. That gave him 714 homerounds, the same as Ruth.

 

After that day, baseball fans held their breath everytime it was Aaron’s turn to hit. When wound he hit homeround No. 715? The wait was not long. In the second week of the season, Aaron again hit the ball over the wall. He had beaten Ruth’s record, but first he had to run a round the four bases.

 

The other players on his team watched carefully to make sure he touched each one. If he did not, the homeround would not have counted, there would have been no new record. So to touch all bases means to do what is necessary to complete at an activity.

 

The expression used in business and politics. No business deal or political campaign is really complete until you discuss all the issues involved or as it is said until you touch all bases, even professional diplomats use this expression as well as others that come from baseball. A diplomat in reporting on the negotiations with diplomats from different countries may say they touched all bases during many hours of talks. This means they had explored all issues involved in the situation. Perhaps they did this after expressing hope that they could play ball with each other, meaning that they could learn to cooperate.

 

Sports reporters write about fast moving lively events, they must develop a way of writing that goes straight to the point. Their duty is to give the reader a complete picture of the event in as few words as possible. They must touch all bases as quickly as they can.

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