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[word-lover] 【整理】2008-04-27 Words and Their Stories

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H.W. Now the VOA Special English Program-- Words and their stories. American English is full of colourful expressions. One such expression is [to touch all bases]. It comes from the sport of baseball. There are four bases in baseball,-- first, second and third, the forth is home plate. Together, the bases form a dimond shape. When a baseball player hits the ball, he must run to each base in order and touch it with his foot, it is the only way to score a point. If the player hits the ball and fails to touch all the bases, the point would not be counted. The importance of touching all bases will shown at the start of the 1974 baseball season. H.G was a player with Atlantic Braves Team. He was seeking the recored for hitting the most home-runs. A home-run is the ball that is hit over the wall. H needed just one home-run to equal the score held by B, the greatest hitter in base ball history. H got that home-run the very first time he had chance to hit the ball. He sent ball over the wall that surround the playing field. That gave him 714 home-runs, the same as B. After that day, baseball fans held their breath every time it was H to hit. When would he hit home-run No. 715? The wait was not long. In the second week of the season, H again hit the ball over the wall, he had beaten B's recond. But first he had to run around the four bases. The other players on his team watched carefully to make sure he touched each one. If he did not, the home-run would not have counted, there would have be not new record. So, to touch all bases means to do what is necessary to complete an activity. The expression is used in basiness and politics. No business deal or political campaign is really completed until you discuss all issue involves or as it in said until you touch all bases. Even professional diplomats use this expression as well as others that come from the baseball. A diplomat in the reporting on negotiations with diplomat from different counties may say they touched all the bass during many hours of talks, this means the explored all issues involved in the satuation. Perhaps the y did this after expressing hope that they could play ball to each other meaning that they could learn to cooperate. Sport reporters write about fast moving lively events. They must develop a way of writing that goes straight for the points. Their duty is to give the reader a complete picture of the event in as few words as possible. They must touch all bases as quickly as they can.
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