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[word-lover] 【整理】2008-05-11 Words and Their Stories

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Now the VOA special English program Words and their Stories . In the early days of human history , people survived by hunting wild animals or gathering wild greens and plants for food .Then some people learned to grow crops and rise (raise) animals for food .They were the first famers .Since 16th century , the word farm ( as) has meant agricultural land .But a much older meaning of the word farm is leaded(linked) to economics .The word farm comes from the latin word feme(firma), which means (an ) unchanging payment . Experts say the earliest English (meaning of the english )word farm was a yearly payment made as a tax or rent. Farmers in early England did not own their lands ,they paid every year to use agricultural lands . In England ,farmers used hawthorn trees along the (edges of the property ). They called this road(row) of hawthorns a (hedge) .Hedging feels (fields )was how careful farmers marked and protected them .Soon people began to use the word (hedging) to describe steps that could be taken to protect against financial laws (loss).Hedging is common among (gambles) who make large benefits(bets) .A gambler gets(bets) a lot of money among (on)one team ,but to be on the safe side ,he also places a smaller (bet) on the other team to reduce a possible loss ,you may say that someone is ( hedging his bet ) when he invests several kinds of businesses. One business may fail ,but likely not all . Farmers know that it is necessary to make hail(hay )while the sun shines .Hail(hay ) has be to cut and gathered when it is dry .So a wise farmer never post (postpones) gathering when the sun is shining .Vain(rain) may soon appear .A wise person copies the farmer ,he works when the conditions are right .A new mother ,for example, quickly learn to try to sleep when her baby is quiet .Even in the middle of the day ,if the mother delays ,she may lose her chance to sleep. So the mother learns to make hail (hay )while the sun shines . Beans are popular farm crop ,but beans are used to describe something of very little value in the expression not worth a hill of beans .The expression is often used today .You could say for example ,a bad idea is not worth a hill of beans . Language expert said this expression was first used almost seven hundred years ago .He said described a message from the king of Germany to the king John of England as altogether not worth a bean .This VOA special English program Words and Stories was written by more joys when you read after . I am surely agreed .
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