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[文化博览] 【整理】2008-05-12 Prophet Muhammad 先知穆罕默德 - 16

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This is not something that flight by night, this is something big and important. Islam has come to stay. In just a hundred years, Muhammad’s vision has transformed the spiritual and political map of the world. And his followers had established an empire, larger than Rome. But Muhammad never lived to see it. In the 11th year of the Islamic calendar, 632 AD, only two years after the taking of Mecca, Muhammad died. Madina fell into despair, for days the city was consumed with sorrow and ceremony. He’s known to have said that wanted it to be very very simply, with no marker over his grave , he didn’t want people to worship his grave, that would interfere with their worship with god. God has spoken to them only through Muhammad, now that the profit has left them, perhaps god would as well. Muhammad’s death set up a crisis in the young Islamic community. The questions of succession were the first thing that really occupies people’s concerns. At this point there were a divergence of opinion asked how community go about, choosing a new leader according to the shiites faction, shiite avowal. Muhammad had indeed designated Alee, the son-in-law and cousin as the successor. The opinion that came to be the majority opinion or the Sunni opinion held that Muhammad had not appointed his successor during his life but had said “if I am gone choose one from among the peers, from among the elders.” And from the house came out the man would be his successor of Mecca. And he addressed people and said if you worship Muhammad, know that he is dead, you worship god, know that he lives forever. Here was the secret of Muslim’s strength and profound influence. The unifying power of one God, merciful and compassionate. The power of one people bound by a common faith. Muhammad did not lead the conquest or create the empire to come. The transforming power of his message did. After that message, would spring a font of knowledge that would transform humanity. As Islam continues to spread its reach far and wide, the waiting of Muslims would be a new age. They would be destined for enlightenment, for new horizons and clash of great powers, the like of which the world has never seen.
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