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[word-lover] 【整理】2008-05-25 Words and Their Stories

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Now the VOA special English program Words and Their Stories

There are many American expressions that use the part of the body. These include the eyes, ears, nose, mouth, even the heart. Today we will tell you some expressions that use other body parts, the back, shoulders and chest.

When I am facing a lot of pressure at work, my back and neck will start to hurt. Sometimes the tension is the result of too much work. I have too many things to do, because my supervisor is on my back all the time. In another words, my employer is always telling me to do things. Sometimes I want my employer to get off my back. I want her to stop criticizing me and making too many demands on my time. I can not say these. However, I would never turn my back on her and refuse to help when there is a need. If I did refuse to help, my supervisor might say bad things about me behind my back. She might criticize me when I am not present. There is sure to be a stab in the back. It is never kind to unfairly harm or say bad things to other people.

Sometimes, when I am very productive in my job, my employer gives me a pat on the back. She praises my work. She might even say I will scratch you back if you will scratch mine. This means she will do something for me if I do something helpful for her in exchange.

Such an offer usually comes straight from the shoulder. My supervisor has a very direct, open and honest way of speaking. I know that my employer carries a lot in her shoulders. She is responsible for many things at the office and because she is so important. She sometimes gets to rub shoulders with top officials. She gets to spend time with some important people. I believe the top official values my superior he never gives her the cold shoulder. He is never unfriendly to her. He always treats her like she is an important part of the organization. I also value my supervisor. In fact, I think she is very effective in her job. Of course, I could yell my opinion at the top of my lungs or as loudly as possible I could. It might even feel good to get my emotions off my chest. It is also helpful to tell people how you feel so that your emotions do not trouble you, but it is not necessary for me to praise my superior. Most of the coworkers feel the exact same way about her, so I think I just save my breath. I’ll keep silent because talking or repeating myself will not do any good.

Words and Their Stories in VOA special English with written by Jill Morse. I’m Faith Lapdis.

 

a stab in the back     n.  诽谤, 伤人的暗箭

a pat on the back     []赞扬或鼓励的表示

straight from the shoulder

Delivered directly from the shoulder. Used of a punch.

从正面:直接被从肩部出的一拳击中的。用于拳击

Honestly; candidly.

诚实地;坦率地

rub shoulders with   ...接触, 并肩, 协力

cold shoulder  n.  <>冷淡, 轻视

at the top of one's lungs    adv.  用尽量大的声音

save one's breath  v.   沉默, 不出声

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