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[word-lover] 【整理】2008-06-10: The history of a word

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[word-lover] 【整理】2008-06-10: The history of a word



wordlover-2008-06-10



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一、完成划线部分的听写 (整理)

Awkward

 

The word ‘awkward’ is awkward itself. How many other words could there be with a ‘wkw’ in them? I looked it up, there are only two others: ‘hawkweed’ and ‘hawkwise’.

 

The word ‘awkward’ is defined as “clumsy”, “ungainly”, and “not graceful”. But that doesn’t give much clue to its etymology.

 

Like ‘hawkweed’ and ‘hawkwise’, ‘awkward’ can be broken into two parts, ‘awk’ and ‘ward’. The ‘ward’ part is the same as in ’toward’, ‘forward’ and ‘backward’. It indicates a direction. The Oxford English Dictionary actually says in its etymology “in an awk direction.”

 

So it turns out that there is actually a word ‘awk’, or was. It seems on one has used the word ‘awk’ for about 400 years. It’s one of those words that fell off the table as the crowd of new wards kept getting piled on. It became extinct. The meaning of ‘awk’ before then was “turned the wrong way.”

 

The OED feels that ‘awk’ probably came from Old Norse and as such is of Germanic extraction. A guy named August Fick felt that ‘akw’ could be traced back to Old Sanskrit.

 

There is another word ‘auk’ that is the name of a bird, although it’s spelled differently. In this case it’s felt the name comes as an imitation of the bird’s cry.

 

Although we still call birds ‘auks’, this word too has a link to something extinct. In this case the Great Auk, a species of bird last seen to walk this earth on the third of June, 1884. “Walk this earth” is accurate since this was a flightless bird and so easily hunted.

 

It’s unusual that history holds a record of the exact date when a species went extinct. In this case, it’s even more unusual because we have accounts of the final moments of the existence of the last two birds and even the names of three guys who snuffed them out. John Brandsson, Sigurdur Islefsson and Ketil Ketilsson were Icelanders.

 

Now, I’m sure I pronounced their names awkwardly.

 

Note:


Etymology: (1) the origin and historical development of a linguistic form. 词源

            (2) the branch of linguistics that deals with etymologies. 词源学

 

Old Norse(古斯堪的那维亚语): Old Norse is the North Germanic language that was spoken by inhabitants of Scandinavia and inhabitants of their overseas settlements during the Viking Age, until about 1300.

 

Old Sanskrit(古梵语): Sanskrit is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism and Jainism. It appears in pre-Classical form as Vedic Sanskrit.


1. 原文部分保持原色不变
2. 自己听写部分用黑色

二、若是自己的听写稿且非头贴, 请发帖时标注"Homework".

三、若是改稿, 请发帖时标注"on 某某人"并在修改处标红.
[ 本帖最后由 jessiyear 于 2008-6-11 09:07 编辑 ]

普特在线文本比较普特在线听音查字普特在线拼写检查普特文本转音频

hw

 Awkward

 

The word ‘awkward’ is awkward itself. How many other words could there be with a ‘wkw’ in them? I looked it up, there are only two others: ‘hawkweed’ and ‘hawkwise’.

 

The word ‘awkward’ is defined as clumsy, ungainly and not graceful, but I doesn`t give much clue with that //mology.

 

Like ‘hawkweed’ and ‘hawkwise’, awkward can be broken into two parts, ‘awk’ and ‘ward’. The ‘ward’ part is the same as in toward, forward and backward, it indicates direction, the Oxford English Dictionary actually says it`s //mology, in an ‘awk’ direction.

 

So it turns out that there is actually a word ‘awk’, or was. It seems on one has used the word ‘awk’ for about 400 years.

 

 It`s one of those words that fell off the table, as the crowd of new words getting piled on. It became extinct. The meaning of ‘awk’ before then was ‘turned at the wrong way’.

 

 The OED feels that ‘awk’ probably came from Old Norse and as such is of Germanic extraction. A guy named August Fick felt that ‘akw’ could be traced back to Old Sanskrit.

 

There is another word ‘auk’ that is the name of a bird, although it’s spelled differently. In this case it’s felt the name comes as an imitation of the bird’s cry.

 

Although we still call birds ‘auks’, these were too easily to something extinct. In this case the Great Auk, a species of bird last seen to walk this earth on the third of June, 1884. “Walk this earth” is accurate since this was a flightless bird and so easily hunted.

 

It’s unusual that history holds a record of the exact date when a species went extinct. In this case, it’s even more unusual because we have accounts of the final moments of the existence of the last two birds and even the names of three guys who snuffed them out. John Brandsson, Sigurdur Islefsson and Ketil Ketilsson were Icelanders.

 

Now, I’m sure I pronounced their names awkwardly.

1

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  • jessiyear

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homework 

 mology,我觉得logic比较符合..哎..听不出来

Awkward

 

The word ‘awkward’ is awkward itself. How many other words could there be with a ‘wkw’ in them? I looked it up, there are only two others: ‘hawkweed’ and ‘hawkwise’.

 

The word ‘awkward’ is defined as clumsy, ungamely and not graceful, but I doesn`t give much clue with that logic.

 

Like ‘hawkweed’ and ‘hawkwise’, awkward can be broken into two parts, ‘awk’ and ‘ward’. The ‘ward’ part is the same as to "toward", "forward" and "backward", it indicates direction, the Oxford English Dictionary actually says its logic, in an ‘awk’ direction.

 

So it turns out that there is actually a word ‘awk’, or was. It seems on one has used the word ‘awk’ for about 400 years.

 

 It`s one of those words that fell off the table, as the crowd of new words // getting piled on. It became extinct. The meaning of ‘awk’ before then was ‘turned at the wrong way’.

 

 The OED feels that ‘awk’ probably came from Old Norse and as such is of Germanic extraction. A guy named August Fick felt that ‘akw’ could be traced back to Old Sanskrit.

 

There is another word ‘auk’ that is the name of a bird, although it’s spelled differently. In this case it’s felt the name comes as an imitation of the bird’s cry.

 

Although we still call birds ‘auks’, these were too easily to something extinct. In this case the Great Auk, a species of bird last seen to walk this earth on the third of June, 1884. “Walk this earth” is accurate since this was a flightless bird and so easily hunted.

 

It’s unusual that history holds a record of the exact date when a species went extinct. In this case, it’s even more unusual because we have accounts of the final moments of the existence of the last two birds and even the names of three guys who snuffed them out. John Brandsson, Sigurdur Islefsson and Ketil Ketilsson were Icelanders.

 

Now, I’m sure I pronounced their names awkwardly.

1

评分次数

  • jessiyear

实现无障碍英语沟通
on sylvia_qian

Awkward

 

The word ‘awkward’ is awkward itself. How many other words could there be with a ‘wkw’ in them? I looked it up, there are only two others: ‘hawkweed’ and ‘hawkwise’.

 

The word ‘awkward’ is defined as clumsy, ungainly and not graceful”. But that doesn’t give much clue to its etymology.

 

Like ‘hawkweed’ and ‘hawkwise’, ‘awkward’ can be broken into two parts, ‘awk’ and ‘ward’. The ‘ward’ part is the same as in toward, forwardand backward’. It indicates a direction. The Oxford English Dictionary actually says in its etymology in an awk direction.   

 

So it turns out that there is actually a word ‘awk’, or was. It seems on one has used the word ‘awk’ for about 400 years. It’s one of the words that fell off the table as the crowd of new words kept getting piled on. It became extinct. The meaning of ‘awk’ betore then was “turned /at/ the wrong way.”

 

The OED feels that ‘awk’ probably came from Old Norse and as such is of Germanic extraction. A guy named August Fick felt that ‘akw’ could be traced back to Old Sanskrit.

 

There is another word ‘auk’ that is the name of a bird, although it’s spelled differently. In this case it’s felt the name comes as an imitation of the bird’s cry.

 

 Although we still call birds ‘auks’, this word too has a link to something extinct. In this case the Great Auk, a species of bird last seen to walk this earth on the third of June, 1884. “Walk this earth” is accurate since this was a flightless bird and so easily hunted.

 

It’s unusual that history holds a record of the exact date when a species went extinct. In this case, it’s even more unusual because we have accounts of the final moments of the existence of the last two birds and even the names of three guys who snuffed them out. John Brandsson, Sigurdur Islefsson and Ketil Ketilsson were Icelanders.

 

Now, I’m sure I pronounced their names awkwardly.

 

Note:

Old Norse(古斯堪的那维亚语): Old Norse is the North Germanic language that was spoken by inhabitants of Scandinavia and inhabitants of their overseas settlements during the Viking Age, until about 1300.

 

Old Sanskrit(古梵语): Sanskrit is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism and Jainism. It appears in pre-Classical form as Vedic Sanskrit.


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