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[word-lover] 【整理】2008-06-15 Words and Their Stories

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[word-lover] 【整理】2008-06-15 Words and Their Stories




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Now, the VOA Special English program Words and Their Stories.

 

In the early days of human history, people survived by hunting wild animals or gathering wild grains and plants for food. Then some people learned to grow crops and raise animals for food. They were the first famers.

 

Since the 16th century, the word farm has meant agricultural land, but a much older meaning of the word farm is linked to economics. The word farm comes from a Latin word, firma, which means an unchanging payment.

 

Experts say the earliest meaning of the English word farm was a yearly payment made as a tax or rent. Farmers in early England did not own their land. They paid every year to use agricultural lands.

 

In England, farmers used hawthorn trees along the edges of property. They called this row of hawthorns a hedge.

 

Hedging fields was how careful farmers marked and protected them. Soon people began to use the word hedging to describe steps that could be taken to protect against financial loss.

 

Hedging is common among gamblers who make large bets. A gambler bets a lot of money on one team. But, to be on the safe side, he also places a smaller bet on the other team to reduce a possible loss. You might say that someone is hedging his bet when he invests in several different kinds of businesses. One business may fail, but likely not all.

 

Farmers know that it is necessary to make hay while the sun shines.

 

Hay has to be cut and gathered when it is dry. So a wise farmer never postpones gathering his hay when the sun is shining. Rain may soon appear.

 

A wise person copies the farmer. He works when conditions are right. A new mother, for example, quickly learns to try to sleep when her baby is quiet, even in the middle of the day. If the mother delays, she may lose her chance to sleep. So the mother learns to make hay while the sun shines.

 

Beans are a popular farm crop, but beans are used to describe something of very little value in the expression “not worth a hill of beans.” The expression is often used today. You could say, for example, that a bad idea is not worth a hill of beans.

 

Language expert Charles Earle Funk said the expression was first used almost seven hundred years ago. He said Robert of Gloucester described a message from the King of Germany to King John of England as altogether not worth a bean.

 

This VOA Special English program, Words and Their Stories, was written by Marilyn Rice Christiano. Maurice Joyce was the narrator. I'm Shirley Griffith.



[ 本帖最后由 jessiyear 于 2008-6-16 16:57 编辑 ]

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Now the VOA Special English program Words And Their Stories.

In the early days of human history, people survived by hunting wild animals or gathering wild greens and plants for food. Then some people learn to grow crops and raise animals for food. They were the first famers. Since the 16th century, the word farm as meant agricultural land, but a much older meaning of the word farm is linked to economics. The word farm comes from a Latin word firma, which means an unchanging payment. Experts say the earliest meaning of the English word farm was a yearly payment made as a tax or rent. Farmers in early England did not own their land. They paid every year to use agricultural lands.

 

In England, farmers used hawthorn trees along the edges of property. They called this row of hawthorns a hedge. Hedging fields was how careful farmers marked and protected them. Soon people began to use the word hedging to describe steps that could be taken to protect against financial loss. Hedging is common among gamblers who make large bets. A gambler bets a lot of money on one team. But to be on the safe side, he also places a smaller bet on the other team to reduce a possible loss. You might say that someone is hedging his bet when he invests in several different kinds of businesses. One business may fail, but likely not all.

 

Farmers know that it is necessary to make hay while the sun shines. Hay has to be cut and gathered when it is dry. So a wise farmer never postpones gathering his hay when the sun is shining. Rain may soon appear. A wise person copies the farmer. He works when conditions are right. A new mother, for example, quickly learns to try to sleep when her baby is quiet, even in the middle of the day. If the mother delays, she may lose her chance to sleep. So the mother learns to make hay while the sun shines.

 

Beans are a popular farm crop, but beans are used to describe something of very little value in the expression not worth a hill of beans. The expression is often used today. You could say, for example, that a bad idea is not worth a hill of beans.

 

Language expert Charles * Funk said the expression was first used almost seven hundred years ago. He said Robert of * described a message from the King of Germany to King John of England as altogether not worth a bean.

[ 本帖最后由 lisagao118 于 2008-6-15 10:18 编辑 ]
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  • jinhua49

向myconsent学习~~
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自己的作业请标注 Homework

 

Now the VOA special English program: Words and Their Stories.

 

In the early days of human history, people survived by hunting wild animals or gathering wild grains and plants for food. Then, some people learnt to grow crops and raise animals for food. They were the first famers. Since the 16th century, the word farm has meant agricultural land, but a much older meaning of the word farm is linked to the economies. The word farm comes from the Latin word ferma, which means an unchanging payment. Experts say the earlier meaning of the English word farm was a yearly payment made as a tax or rent. Farmers in early England did not own their land, they paid every year to use agricultural lands.

 

In England, farmers use hawthorn trees along the edges of property. They called this row of hawthorn “a hedge”. Hedging fields was how careful famers marked and protected them. Soon, people began to use the word “hedging” to describe steps that could be taken to protect against financial loss. Hedging is common among gamblers who make large bets. A gambler bets a lot of money on one team, but to be on the safe side, he also plays a smaller bet on the other team to reduce a possible loss. You might say that someone is hedging his bet when he invests in several different kinds of businesses. One business may fail, but likely not all.

 

Farmers know that it is necessary to make hay while the sun shines. Hay has to be cut and gathered when it is dry. So a wise farmer never postpones gathering his hay when the sun is shinning. Rain may soon appear. A wise person copies the farmers. He works when conditions are right. A new mother, for example, quickly learns to try to sleep when her baby is quiet, even in the middle of the day. If the mother delays, she may lose her chance to sleep. So the mother learns to make hay while the sun shines.

 

Beans are a popular farm crop, but beans are used to describe something a very little value in the expression “not worth a heel of beans”. The expression is often used today. You could say, for example, that a bad idea is not worth a heel of beans. Language expert Charles XX says the expression was first used almost seven hundred years ago. He said Robert XX described a massage from the king of Germany to king John of England as all together not worth a bean.

 

This VOA special English program words and their stories was written by XX, XX was the narrator. I’m Shirley Griffet.

[ 本帖最后由 jinhua49 于 2008-6-15 15:48 编辑 ]
实现无障碍英语沟通

homework

 

Now the VOA Special English Program ,Words and Their Stories.

 

In the eardy days of human history,people survived by hunting wild animals or gathering wild grains and plants for food.Them so people learnt to grow crops and raise animals for food.They were the first farmers.Since the 16th century,the word "farm"has meant agriculture land.But a much order meaning of the word"farm" is linked to economics.

 

The word"farm" came from the Latin word"farmer" which means an unchanging payment.Experts say the earliest meaning of the English word "farm"was a yearly payment made as a tax or rent.Farmers in early England did not own their land.They paid every year to use agriculture lands.In England,farmers used hore on trees,along the edgesof property.They called this hores a hatch.Hatching fields was how careful farmers marked and protected them.Soon,people began to use the word hatching to describe steps that could be taken to protect against financial laws.

 

Hatching is common among gamblers who made large bets.A gamble bets a lot of money on one team,
but to be on the safe side,he also plays a smaller bet on the other team,to reduce a possible loss.You might say that someone is hatching its back when he invests in several different kinds of businesses.One business might fail,but likely not all.Farmers know that it it necessary to make hay while the sun shines.Hay has to be cut and gathered when it is dry, so a wise farmer never pose pomes gathering his hay when the sun is shining.Rain may soon appear.

 

A wise person,copies of the farmer,he works when conditions are right.A new mother,for example,quickly learns to try to sleep when her baby is quiet,even in the middle of the day.If the mother delays,she would lose her chance to sleep.So the mother learns to make hay while the sun shines.

 

Beans are a popular farm crop.But beans are used to describe something are very little values in the expression"not worth a hell of beans".This expression is often used today.You could say,for example,that a bad idea is not worth a hell of beans.

 

Language experts Charles * said the expression was first used almost 700 years ago.He said Robot of glaster,described a message from the King of Germany to King * of English as all-together not worth a bean.

 

 

When work becomes pressure,when pressure becomes pleasure
口译专员推荐—>口译训练软件IPTAM口译通

hw

   Now the VOA special English program “the words and their stories”.

 

In the early days of human history, people survived by hunting wild animals or gathering wild grains and plants for food. Then some people learned to grow crops and raise animals for food. They were the first farmers. Since the 16 century, the world farm has make// agricultural land. But an much older meaning the word “farm” is link to the economics.

The word  ”farm” comes from the Latin word “farlmer”, which means an unchanging payment. Expert says the earliest meaning of this English word of “farm” was a yearly payment made as a tax or rent. Farmers in early England did not own their land they paid every year to use agricultural lands. In England, farmer used forced on treats, a long provoty. They called this role of “ force on” a caging./

Caging feels was how careful farmers mark and protect them. Soon people began to use the word “caging” to describes the steps can taken to protect the financial lose. Caging is conmen among gailiaer who make large bank. Aganziler bands a lot of money on one team. But to be on the safe side, he also playes a smaller bends on the other team to reduce a possible lose. You might say that someone is caging his bends when he in that in several different kinds of the businesses. One business might fail, but likely not all.

 Farmers kwon that it is necessary to make hi while in sunshine. Hi has to be cut and gathered when it is rive. So a wise farmer never postpone gathering his hi when the sun is shining may be soon appear. A wise person copies the farmer. He works when the condition was right. A physo mother for example, quickly to learn to try to sleep when her baby is quiet even in the middle of the day. If the mother delays, she be lose her chance to sleep. So the mother learns to make a hit while the sun shines.

Beans are a popular farm crops. But beans are used to describe something of very little value and the expression “not worth a hill //of the beans.” The expression is also used till today. You could say for example: that a bad idea is not worth a hill of beans. Langue exporter Charles  Found said the expression was  firs used almost 700 years ago. He said robbets of gloster //describe a message from the king of Germany to king Jone of England as altogether not worth a bean.

一个人走在路上
心里少了一个可以关怀的人。

on lisagao118

 

Now the VOA Special English program Words And Their Stories.

In the early days of human history, people survived by hunting wild animals or gathering wild grains and plants for food. Then some people learn to grow crops and raise animals for food. They were the first famers. Since the 16th century, the word farm as meant agricultural land, but a much older meaning of the word farm is linked to economics. The word farm comes from a Latin word firma, which means an unchanging payment. Experts say the earliest meaning of the English word farm was a yearly payment made as a tax or rent. Farmers in early England did not own their land. They paid every year to use agricultural lands.

 

In England, farmers used hawthorn trees along the edges of property. They called this row of hawthorns a hedge. Hedging fields was how careful farmers marked and protected them. Soon people began to use the word hedging to describe steps that could be taken to protect against financial loss. Hedging is common among gamblers who make large bets. A gambler bets a lot of money on one team. But to be on the safe side, he also places a smaller bet on the other team to reduce a possible loss. You might say that someone is hedging his bet when he invests in several different kinds of businesses. One business may fail, but likely not all.

 

Farmers know that it is necessary to make hay while the sun shines. Hay has to be cut and gathered when it is dry. So a wise farmer never postpones gathering his hay when the sun is shining. Rain may soon appear. A wise person copies the farmer. He works when conditions are right. A new mother, for example, quickly learns to try to sleep when her baby is quiet, even in the middle of the day. If the mother delays, she may lose her chance to sleep. So the mother learns to make hay while the sun shines.

 

Beans are a popular farm crop, but beans are used to describe something of very little value in the expression not worth a hill of beans. The expression is often used today. You could say, for example, that a bad idea is not worth a hill of beans.

 

Language expert Charles * Funk said the expression was first used almost seven hundred years ago. He said Robert of * described a message from the King of Germany to King John of England as altogether not worth a bean.

1

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  • jinhua49

When work becomes pressure,when pressure becomes pleasure

HW:

Now, the VOA Special English Program Words and Their Stories

In the early days of human history, people survived by hunting wild animals or gathering wild greens and plants for food. Then some people learned to grow crops and raise animals for food. They were the first farmers.

 

Since the sixteenth century, the world farm was meant agricultural land. But a much older meaning of word farm is linked to economics. The word farm comes from the Latin word firma, which means an unchanging payment. Experts say the earliest meaning of English farm was a yearly payment made as a tax or rent.

 

Farmers in early England did not own their land. They paid every year to use agricultural lands. In England, farmer used hawthorn trees, along the edges of property. They called this row of hawthorn a hedge. Hedging fields was how careful farmers marked and protected them. Soon, people began to use the word hedging to describe that could be taken to protect against financial loss.

 

Hedging is common among gamblers who make large bets. A gambler bets a lot of money on one team. But to be on the safe side, he also places a smaller bet on the other team, to reduce a possible loss. You might say that someone is hedging his bet when he invests in several different kinds of businesses. One business may fail but likely not all.

 

Farmers know that it is necessary to make hey while the sun shines. Hey has to be cut and gathered when it is dry. So a wise farmer never postpones gathering his hey when the sun is shining. Rain may soon appear. A wise person copies the farmer. He works when conditions are right.

 

A new mother, for example quickly learns to try to sleep when her baby is quiet even in the middle of the day. If mother delays she may lose her chance to sleep. So the mother learns to make hey while the sun shines.

 

Beans are a popular farm crop. But beans are used to describe something of very little value in the expression not worth a hill of beans. The expression is often used today. You could say, for example, that a bad idea is not worth a hill of beans.

 

Language expert Charles Earle Funk said the expression was first used almost seven hundred years ago. He said Robert of Gloucester described a message from the King of Germany to King John of England as altogether not worth a bean.

 

This VOA Special English program, Words and Their Stories, was written by Marilyn Rice Christiano. Maurice Joyce was the narrator. I'm Shirley Griffith. 

Time to Say Goodbye
Welcome to My Blog!
实现无障碍英语沟通

on clumsydog

Now the VOA Special English program Words and Their Stories.

In the early days of human history, people survived by hunting wild animals or gathering wild grains and plants for food. Then some people learn to grow crops and raise animals for food. They were the first famers.

 

Since the 16th century, the word farm has meant agricultural land, but a much older meaning of the word farm is linked to economics. The word farm comes from a Latin word firma, which means an unchanging payment. Experts say the earliest meaning of the English word farm was a yearly payment made as a tax or rent. Farmers in early England did not own their land. They paid every year to use agricultural lands.

 

In England, farmers used hawthorn trees along the edges of property. They called this row of hawthorns a hedge. Hedging fields was how careful farmers marked and protected them. Soon people began to use the word hedging to describe steps that could be taken to protect against financial loss.

 

Hedging is common among gamblers who make large bets. A gambler bets a lot of money on one team. But to be on the safe side, he also places a smaller bet on the other team to reduce a possible loss. You might say that someone is hedging his bet when he invests in several different kinds of businesses. One business may fail, but likely not all.

 

Farmers know that it is necessary to make hay while the sun shines. Hay has to be cut and gathered when it is dry. So a wise farmer never postpones gathering his hay when the sun is shining. Rain may soon appear. A wise person copies the farmer. He works when conditions are right. A new mother, for example, quickly learns to try to sleep when her baby is quiet, even in the middle of the day. If the mother delays, she may lose her chance to sleep. So the mother learns to make hay while the sun shines.

 

Beans are a popular farm crop, but beans are used to describe something of very little value in the expression not worth a hill of beans. The expression is often used today. You could say, for example, that a bad idea is not worth a hill of beans.

 

Language expert Charles Earle Funk said the expression was first used almost seven hundred years ago. He said Robert of Gloucester described a message from the King of Germany to King John of England as altogether not worth a bean.

 

This VOA Special English program, Words and Their Stories, was written by Marilyn Rice Christiano. Maurice Joyce was the narrator. I'm Shirley Griffith.
1

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  • jinhua49

Time to Say Goodbye
Welcome to My Blog!
普特听力大课堂

My Homework

My Homework

 

Now, the VOA Special English program—Words and Their Stories.

 

In the early days of human history, people survived by hunting animals or gathering wild grains and plants for food. Then some people learn to grow crops and raise animals for food. They were the first farmers. Since the 16th century, the word “farm” has meant agriculture land. But a much older meaning of the word “farm” is linked to economics.

 

The word “farm” comes from the Latin word “firma”, which meant an unchanging payment. Experts say the earliest meaning of the English word “farm” was a yearly payment made as a tax or rent. Farmers in early England did not own their land. They paid every year to use agricultural lands. In England, farmers used hawthorn trees along the edges of property. They called this row of hawthorns a “hedge”—hedging fields was how careful farmers marked and protected them. Soon people began to use the word “hedging” to describe steps that could be taken to protect against financial laws. “Hedging” is common among gamblers, who make large debts. A gambler bets a lot of money on one team. But to be on the safe side, he also places a smaller bet on the other team to reduce a possible loss. You might say that someone is hedging his bet when he invests in several different kinds of businesses. One business may fail, but likely not all.

 

Farmers know that it is necessary to make hay while the sun shines. Hay has to be cut and gathered when it is dry, so a wise farmer never postpones gathering his hay when the sun is shining. Rain may soon appear. A wise person copies the farmer. He works when condition is right. A new mother, for example, quickly learns to try to sleep when her baby quite, even in the middle of the day. If the mother delays, she may lose the chance to sleep. So the mother learns to make hay while the sun shines.

 

Beans are popular farmer crop. But beans are used to describe something of very little value in the expression “not worth a hill of the beans”, the expression is often used today. You could say, for example, that a bad idea is not worth a hill of beans. Language expert C.L.F said the expression is first used almost seven-hundred years ago. He said R of B describes a massage from the king of Germany to king G. of England as altogether not worth a bean.

 

This VOA Special English program Words and Their Stories was written by M.C. M.J. was the narrator. I’m S.G.

There can be miracle when you believe!
好栏目推荐之美国口语俚语
Homework Now the VOA special English programme: Word and their stories In the early days of human history, people survived by hunting wild animals or gathering wild greens and plants for food. Then some people learned to grow crops, and raise animals for food. They were the first farmers, since the 16th century, the word "farm" has meant the agricultural land, but a much older meaning to the word "farm" was linked to economics. The word "farm" comes from a Latin word "furmer"?, which means an unchanging payment. Experts say the earliest meaning of the English word "farm" was a yearly payment made as a tax or a rent. Farmers in early England did not own their land, they paid every year to use agricultural lands. In England, farmers used hawthorn trees along the edges of properties. They called this raw of haothorns a hedge. Hedging fields was how careful farmers mark and protect them. Soon people began to use the word "hedging" to describe steps that could be taken to protect against financial loss. Hedging is common among gamblers who make large bets. A gambler bets a lot of money on one team, but to be on the safe side, he also places a smaller bet on the other team to reduce a possible loss. You might say that someone is hedging his bet when he invests several different kinds of businesses. One business may fail, but likely not all. Farmers know that it is necessary to make hay while the sun shines. Hey has to be cut and when it is dried. So a wise farmer never postpone gathering his hay when the sun is shining. Rain may soon appear. A wise person copies the farmer. He works when the conditions are right. A new mother, for example, quickly to learn to try to sleep when her baby is quiet, even in the middle of the day. If the mother delays, she may lose her chance to sleep. So the mother learns to make hay while the sun shines. Beans are the popular farm crops, but beans are used to describe something of very little value in the expression "not worth a hill of beans". The expression is often used today. You could say, for example, that's a bad idea, it's not worth a hill of beans. Language expert Charles Erls Funk said the expression was first used almost seven hundred years ago. He said robort of XXX described a message from the king of Germany to king John of England as all together not worth of a bean.

Homework

自己的作业不用涂红以免与阶梯改稿混淆。阶梯改稿时改错用红字;可商榷的用蓝字。给自己的稿子修改可以用红蓝以外的颜色,或者简单加粗。请参阅法帖改稿规则。谢谢合作! - jinhua

 

Now the VOA special English program Words and their stories.

 

In the early days of human history, people survived by hunting wild animals or gathering wild greens and plants for food. Then some people learned to grow crops and raise animals for food. They were the first farmers. Since the 16th century, the world farm as meant agriculture land, but a much older meaning the word “farm” is linked to economics. The word farm comes from a Latin word firma, which means an unchanging payment. Experts say the earliest meaning of the English word farm was a yearly payment made as a tax or rent. Farmers in early England did not own their land, they paid every year to use agriculture lands.

 

In England, farmers used hawthorn trees along the edges of property. They called this row of hawthorns a hedge, Hedging fields was how careful farmers marked and protected them. Soon people began to use the word “hedging” to describe steps that could be taken to protect against financial loss. Hedging is common among gamblers who make large bets. A gambler bets a lot of money on one team. But to be on the safe side, he also places a smaller bet on the other team to reduce a possible loss. You might say that someone is hedging his bet when he invests in several different kinds of businesses. One business may fail, but luckily not all.

 

Farmers know that it is necessary to make hay while the sun sunshine. Hay has to be cut and gathered when it is dry. So a wise farmer never postpones gathering his hay when the sun is shining. Rain may sooner appear. A wise person copies the farmer, he works when conditions are right. A new mother, for example, quickly learns to try to sleep when her baby is quiet, even in the middle of the day. If the mother delays, she may lose the chance to sleep. So the mother learns to make hay while the sun shines.

 

Beans are a popular farm crop, but beans are used to describe something of very little value in the expression “not worth s hill of beans”. The expression is often used today. You could say, for example, that a bad idea is not not worth s hill of beans.

 

Language expert # said the expression was first used almost seven hundred years ago. He said # described a message from the king of Germany to king #of England as altogether not worth a bean.

This VOA special English program Words and their stories was written by #, # is the narrator. I am #.

 

[ 本帖最后由 jinhua49 于 2008-6-16 17:49 编辑 ]

Homework

 

Now the VOA Sepcial English Program Words and Their Stories

 

In the early day of the human history, people survived by hunting wild animals or gathering grains and plants for food. Then some people learn to grow crops, and raised animals for food. They were the first farmers. Since the 16 century, the word "farm" has meant agriculture land. But a much older meaning of the word "farm" is linked to economices.

 

The word "farm" comes from a Lartin word "firma", which means an unchanging payment. Experts say the earliest meaning of the English word "farm" was a yearly payment made as a tax, or a rent. Farmers at early England did not own their land/s/. They payed every year to use agriculture lands. In England, farmers uses hawthorn tress along edges of property. They called this row of hawthorn a hedge. Hedging filds was how careful farmers marked and protected them.

 

Soon people began to use the word hedging to describe setps that could be taken to protect against financial lose. Hedging is common among gamblers who make large bets. A gambler bets a lot of money on one team. But to be on the safe side he also places a smaller bet on the other team to reduce a possible loss. You might say that someone is hedging his bet when he invests in several differnet kinds of business. One business may fail, but likely not all. Farmers know that it's necessary to make hedge while the sun shines. Hedge has to be cut and gathered when it's dry.

 

So a wise farmer never postpones to gather his hedge when the sun is shining. Rain may soon appear. A wise person copies the farmers, he works when conditions are right. A new mother, for example, qucikly learns to try to sleep when her baby is quiet. Even in the middle of the day. If the mother delays, she may lose her chance to sleep. So the mother learns to make hedge while the sun shines.

 

Beans are a popular farm crop. But beans are used to describe something a very little value in the expression "not worth a hill of beans". The expression is often used today. You could say, for example, that a bad idea is not worth a hill of beans. Language expert C* Funk said the expression was first used almost 700 years ago. He said Robert G* described a message from the King of Germany to King Jhon of England as altogether not worth of a bean.

 

This VOA Special English Program Words and Their Stories was written by Marion Christano, M J was the narrator. I'm S G.

 

 

As I become a shit,nobody dare stand over me again.............................
每天半小时 轻松提高英语口语

Homework

Now the voa special English program ,words and their stories.

 

In the eardy days of human history,people survived by hunting wild animals or gathering wild grains and plants for food.

 

Then so people learnt to grow crops and raise animals for food.

 

They were the first farmers.Since the 16th century,the word farm has meant agriculture land.But a much older meaning of the word farm is linked to economics.

 

The word farm came from the Latin word"farmer" which means an unchanging payment.

 

Experts say the earliest meaning of the English word farm was a yearly payment made as a tax or rent.Farmers in early England did not own their land.

 

They paid every year to use agriculture lands.In England farmers used hore on trees,along the edge  of property.

 

They called this hores a hatch.

 

Hatching fields was how careful farmers marked and protected them.Soon,people began to use the word hatching to describe steps that could be taken to protect against financial laws.

 

Hatching is common among gamblers who made large bets.A gamble bets a lot of money on one team....准备断网了

hw

Now, the VOA Special English Program Words and Their Stories

 

In the early days of human history, people survived by hunting wild animals or gathering wild grains and plants for food. Then some people learned to grow crops and raise animals for food. They were the first farmers. Since the sixteenth century, the world farm was meant agricultural land. But a much older meaning of word farm is linked to economics.

 

The word "farm" comes from the Latin word "firma", which means an unchanging payment. Experts say the earliest meaning of the English word farm was a yearly payment made as a tax or rent. Farmers in early England did not own their land. They paid every year to use agricultural lands.

 

In England, farmer used hawthorn trees, along the edges of property. They called this row of hawthorns a hedge. Hedging fields was how careful farmers marked and protected them. Soon, people began to use the word "hedging" to describe that steps could be taken to protect against financial loss. Hedging is common among gamblers who make large bets.A gambler bets a lot of money on one team. But to be on the safe side, he also places a smaller bet on the other team, to reduce a possible loss. You might say that someone is hedging his bet when he invests in several different kinds of businesses. One business may fail but likely not all.

 

Farmers know that it is necessary to make "hey" while the sun shines. Hey has to be cut and gathered when it is dry. So a wise farmer never postpones gathering his hey when the sun is shining. Rain may soon appear. A wise person copies the farmer. He works when conditions are right. A new mother, for example quickly learns to try to sleep when her baby is quiet even in the middle of the day. If the mother delays she may lose her chance to sleep. So the mother learns to make hey while the sun shines.

 

Beans are a popular farm crop. But beans are used to describe something of very little value in the expression not worth a hill of beans. The expression is often used today. You could say, for example, that a bad idea is not worth a hill of beans. Language expert Charles Earle Funk said the expression was first used almost seven hundred years ago. He said Robert of Gloucester described a message from the King of Germany to King John of England as altogether not worth a bean.

 

This VOA Special English program, Words and Their Stories, was written by Marilyn Christiano. Maurice Joyce was the narrator. I'm Shirley Griffith.

 

 

[ 本帖最后由 lansing2007 于 2008-6-15 23:01 编辑 ]
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Now the VOA Special English program Words and Their Stories.

 

In the early days of human history, people survived by hunting wild animals or gathering wild grains and plants for food. Then some people learn to grow crops and raise animals for food. They were the first famers.

 

Since the 16th century, the word farm has meant agricultural land, but a much older meaning of the word farm is linked to economics. The word farm comes from a Latin word firma, which means an unchanging payment. Experts say the earliest meaning of the English word farm was a yearly payment made as a tax or rent. Farmers in early England did not own their land. They paid every year to use agricultural lands. In England, farmers used // trees along the edges of property. They called this row of // a hedge. Hedging fields was how careful farmers marked and protected them. Soon people began to use the word hedging to describe steps that could be taken to protect against financial loss. Hedging is common among gamblers who make large bets. A gambler bets a lot of money on one team. But to be on the safe side, he also places a smaller bet on the other team to reduce a possible loss. You might say that someone is hedging his bet when he invests in several different kinds of businesses. One business may fail, but likely not all. Farmers know that it is necessary to make hay while the sun shines. Hay has to be cut and gathered when it is dry. So a wise farmer never postpones gathering his hay when the sun is shining. Rain may soon appear.

 

A wise person copies the farmer. He works when conditions are right. A new mother, for example, quickly learns to try to sleep when her baby is quiet, even in the middle of the day. If the mother delays, she may lose her chance to sleep. So the mother learns to make hay while the sun shines.

 

Beans are a popular farm crop, but beans are used to describe something of very little value in the expression not worth a hill of beans. The expression is often used today. You could say, for example, that a bad idea is not worth a hill of beans. Language expert Charles // Funk said the expression was first used almost 700 years ago. He said // of // described a message from the King of Germany to King John of England as altogether not worth a bean.

 

This VOA Special English program, Words and Their Stories, was written by Marilyn Christiano. M. Joyce was the narrator. I'm Shirley Griffith.

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