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[word-lover] 【整理】2008-06-15 Words and Their Stories

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Now the english program :words anf their stories

In the early days of human history,People survived by hunting animals or  gathering wild grains and plants for food.Then some people learn to grow crops and raise animals for food. they were the first farmers

Since the 16century,The word farm as a agriculture name,But much old meaning of the word farm is link the economies,The word farm come from Latinword firma,which means unchangeing  payment,Experts say in early meaning of english word farm was a yearly payment made as a Tax or rent.Farmer is in early England did not own their land,He paid every year as using agriculture land,

In England ,Farmer used hawthorn trees along their edges of property,They called the row of rawthorns a hedge,Hedge fields was how careful farmers marked and  protected them.Soon people began to use the word hedge to describle the steps that they could be taken to protect against finacial lose.Hedge is common among the gamblers ,who make a large bets,A gambler bets a lots money on one team,but to be on the safe side,He also place a small bet on the other team,to reduce possible lose,You might say that someone hedge his  bet.When he invent in several kinds of business,one business fail,likely not all.

Farmers know It is necessary to make gay when the sun shine,Hay has be cut and gathered when it is dry,So the wise farmer never postponed to gather in hay when the sun is shine, Rain may soon appear,A wise person copies the farmer,He works when condition is right,A new mather ,for example,Quickly learned  to try to sleep when her baby is quiet.Even in the mid of the day,If the mather delayed ,She may lose the chance to sleep,So the mother make hay while the sunshine.

beans are popular form of crop.But beans are used to  describle sth are very a little value in this expression"not worth a hill of beans"The expression is often used today,you could say ,for example that is a bad idea ,it is not worse a hill of beans,language expert Jodge  this expression is first used almost 300 years ago,He said robert describle the messiage from king of Germany to King Goe of England is altogether not worth a bean
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