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[word-lover] 【整理】2008-07-06 Words and Their Stories

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homework

Homework

 

Some expressions describe people who are important ,or who at least think they are.One such expressions is big wig .In the 17th century,important man  in Europe began to wear falsehair called  wigs.as years past  ,wigs began to get bigger,the size of a man's wig depended on how important he was,the more important he was or thought he was , the bigger the wig he wore. some wigs were so large they coverd man's shoulders or back .today the expression big wig is uesd to make fun of a person who feels impotmant .people never tell someone he is a big wig,they only use the expression behind his back. Big wheel is another way to describe an  important person,a  big wheel maybe the head of a company,a political leader,a famous movie star .they are big wheels because they are powerful.what they do affects many people.big wheels give the orders,other people carry them out.as in many machines ,a big wheel makes the little wheel 's turn.big wheel began a poupular expression after world war2. it probably comes from the expression used for many years by people who fixed parts of cars and trucks.they said person rowed a big wheel if he was important and had influence .the top of something is the highest part ,so it is not surprising that top is part of another expression that describes an important person.the expression is top banana .a top banana is the leading person in the comedy show.the funniest comedian is called the top banana ,the next is second banana and so on.why a banana ?a comedy act in earlier days often included a part,where one of the comedians would hit the others over the head with a soft object.the object was shaped like a yellow fruit——the banana,top banana still is used mainly in show business,yet the expression can also be used to describe the top person in any area. a kingpin is another word for an important person, the expression comes from the game of blowling. the kingpin is the number one pin.if hit correctly with the bowlingball,the kingpin will make all the other nine pins fall.and that is the object of the game .so the most important person in the project or business is the kingpin. if the kingpin is removed, the business or project is likely to fail. kingpin is often used to describe an important  criminal or the leader of a criminal gang. a newpaper may report for example,that  police has arrested the suspected kingpin of a car stealing operation.

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