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[word-lover] 【整理】2008-07-20 Words and Their Stories

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homework

    Now words and their stories a program in special english by the voice of America.
    It is suprising how many expressions that Americans used everyday came from the card game of poker .For  example you hear the  expression "ace in the hole" used by many people who would never think of going near a poker table.An " ace in the hole" is an argrument ,plan or thinking kept hidding untill needed .It is used especilly when it can turn failure into success. 
     In poker and most card games, the ace is the higest and most valuable card. It is often a winning card. In one kind of poker game ,the first card to each player is given face down. A player does not show this card to the other players . The other cards are dealt face up,the players bet money each time they receive another card. No one knows until the end of the game whose hidden card is the winner, often, the ace in the hole wins the game.
      Smart card players especially those who play for large amouts of money, closely watch the person who deals the cards .They are watching to make sure he is dealing honestly . They want to be sure that he is not dealing off the bottom of the stack of the cards. A dealer who is doing that has stacked the deck. He has fixed the cards so he that he will get higer card, he will win and you will lose.  The expression dealing off  the bottom now means cheating in business, as well as in cards ,and when someone tells you  that the cards are stacked against you ,he is saying you do not have a chance to succeed.
     In the poker game you do not want to let your opponents know if your cards are good or bad. So having a poker face is important . A poker face never shows any emotion ,never expresses either good or bad feelings. No one can learn by looking at  your face if your cards are good or bad. People now use poker face in everyday speech to describe someone who shows no emotion.Someone who has a poker face usually is good at bluffing . Bluffing is trying to trick a person into beliving something about you that is not true.
    In poker you bluff when you bet heavily  on a poor hand ,the idea is to make the other players belive you have strong cards and are sure to win. If they belive you, they are likely to drop out of the game. This means you win the money they have bet .You can do a better job of bluffing if you holds your cards close to your vest. You hold  your cards close to you so no one see what you have . In everyday speech ,"holding your cards close to your vest"means not letting others know what you are doing or thinking. You are keeping your plans secret. We are not bluffing when we say we hope you have enjoyed today's program.
     This special english program words and their stories was written by Marilyn Rice Christiano. This is Bob Doughty.
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