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[word-lover] 【整理】2008-07-27 Words and Their Stories

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homework today's word "pan" take suspect to the days of the gold rush in california. in january 24th 1848, a man named discovered gold in the territory of california. the news spread quickly, thousands rushed to west. they travelled on foot, by horseback and by boat to reach the gold fields. by 1849 the great gold rush was on. towns and cities grew overnight. throughout the territory, in the mountains along the streams and rivers, thousands of people searched for gold. they had food to eat and blankets to cover them.they also had meals to red and picks and pans to search for gold. some found areas of mountain rock thick with gold, these men got reach. but such areas were few and quickly claimed by the first man to find them. others search for gold in the rivers coming down the mountains. they were after piece of gold that the rains rush down from above. the only way to find this gold was by panning. first, a gold manner put dirt in the metal pan and added water, then he shocked the pan so the water would rush the dirt. slowly he pauled water out of the pan. if he was a lucky manner, piece of gold would remain. across the nation, newspapers carried stories of the gold been found. one told how thousands people climed mountains looking for gold. other stories told how otheres followed rivers and streams with pans. eachone hoped that the place they claimed panned out well had some gold. for many, gold manning did not pan out. for a few, it panned out well. but in time, huge machines were built that could wash many tons of dirt at a time. panning died out. the word, however, remained in the language. today Americand still say it panned out well when something they have done pleased them.a business,a discovery, a simply living pans out well if it is successful. unhappily, sometimes things do not pan out. in recent years, the word pan has tanken on another meaning. today it also means to criticize. how it got this meaning is hard to discover.But the job of a critic is to sometimes pan the work of a writer, artist or singer. Sometimes, critics may pan a movie or play so severely that no one will go to see it. There are times, however, when a play became highly successful, even though most of the critics panned it without mercy. The pans should have washed out the play. But, as actors have pointed out, sometimes a critic’s pan turns up gold.
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