只用一本书提高英语听力能力!重温经典名著双语阅读小编推荐:跟着纪录片学英语不背单词和语法,轻松学英语
返回列表 回复 发帖

[word-lover] 【整理】2008-07-27 Words and Their Stories

提高英语听力能力 找对方法很重要!

On tunnel115

Next  in  the VOA special English is words and their stories. Then we tell about Thurgood Marshall . The first African American to serve on the United States Supreme Court transcrapts and MP3 of our programs all at voaspecialenglish.com .

 

   Now the VOA special English program words and their stories. Today's word,  pan takes us back  to the days of gold rush in California.

  On Januaray 24th1 848,a man named Jame Masuo discovery the gold in the territory  of California , the news  spread quickly,thounsand rushed west.they traveled on foot,by horse back and by boat to reach the gold fields.By 1849,the great gold rush was on.

   Towns and cities grew overnight.Throughtout the territoy,in the mountains,along the streams and rivers,thousands of people searched for gold.They had food to eat and blankets to cover them.They also had mules to ride and picks and pans to search for gold.Some found areas of mountain rocks thick with gold .These men got rich.But such areas were few and quickly claimed by the first man to find them. Others searched for gold in the rivers coming down the mountains .They were after pieces of gold that the rains had washed down from above.They only way to find these gold was by panning .First,a gold miner put dirt in a metal pan and added water.Then ,he shook the pan so that the water wash the dirt .Slowly ,he poured the water out of the pan .If he was a lucky miner,pieces of gold would remain.

   Across the nation ,newspapers carried stories of the gold being found . One told how thousands of people climbed the mountains looking for gold. Some stories told how others followed the rivers and streams with pans. Each one hoped that the place he claimed panned out well had some gold. For many ,gold mining did not pan out .For a few it panned out well .But in time ,huge machines were built that could wash many tons of dirt at a time,Panning died out. The word ,however,remaind in the language.Today Americans still say."It panned out well 'when something they have done pleased them.A bussiness,a discovery ,a simple event pans out well if it is sussessful.Unhappily,sometimes things do not pan out. In recent years,the word pan has taken on another meaning,today it also means to criticize . How it was got to this meaning is hard to discover .  but the job of critic is to sometime pan of works  writers artis or singer . Sometimes, critics may pan a movie or play so severely that no one will go to see it. There are times, however, when a play became highly successful, even though most of the critics panned it without mercy. The pans should have washed out the play. But, as actors have pointed out, sometimes a critical pan turns up good. 

返回列表