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[word-lover] 【整理】2008-07-27 Words and Their Stories

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Dictation 20070727

 

Now,the VOA Special English Program:Words and their Stories.

 

Today’s wordpan,takes aspect to the days of gold rush in California.On January 24th,1848,a man named James Willson Marshell discovered gold in the territory of California.The news spreaded quickly.Thousands rushed west,they traveled on foot,by horseback and by boat to reach the gold fields.By 1849,the great gold rush was on.

 

Towns and cities grew overnight.Throughout the territory,in the mountains along the streams and rivers,thousands of people searched for gold.They had food to eat,and brackets to cover there.They also had news to write and picks and pans to search for gold.

 

Some found areas of ____ thick with gold.These men got rich,but such areas were few,and quickly claimed by the first man to find them.Others searched for gold in the river’s coming down the mountains.They were after pieces of gold that the rain had washed down from the bar.The only way to find this gold was by paning.

 

First,the gold miners put dirt in the metal pan and added water,then he shocked the pan so that water would wash the dirt.Slowly,he poured the water out of the pan.If he was a lukcy miner,pieces of gold would remain.

 

Across the nation,newspapers carried the stories of gold been found.One told how thousands of people climbed the mountains looking for gold,some stories told how others followed the rivers and streams with the pans.Each one hopes and ___ claimed “pan out well” had some gold.For many,gold mining did not pan out,for a few,it panned out well.But in time,huge machines were built and could wash many tons of dirt at the time.Panning died out.

 

The word,however,remained in the language.Today,Americans still say “it panned out well”when something that have done pleased there.A business,a discovery,a simple event pans out well if it is successful.Unhappily,sometimes,things do not pan out.

 

In recent years, the word “pan ” has taken on another meaning.Today it is also means to criticize.How it got this meaning it hard to discover,but the job of critic is sometimes pan the work of writer,artist and singer.

 

Sometimes,critics may pan a movie or plays sociability that no one would go to see it.They are all times,however,when the play became highly successful even though most of the critics panned it without mercy.The pans should wash out of the play.But as actors of point it out,sometimes a critic’s pan turn out gold.

 

 

 

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