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[BBC] 【整理】BBC 2008-08-21

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Thank you for downloading from the BBC. For details of our complete range of podcasts and our terms of use, go to bbcworldservice. com podcasts.

 

hello, welcome to the latest global news recorded at 0300 BST on Wednesday, the 20th of August. I'm Mark Whitaker with the selection of highlights from across BBC World Service news today.

 

And coming up, Russia rejects a proposed Security Council resolution on South Ossetia accusing the French of changing the peace plan. But a warning from America, NATO will stand firm behind Georgia. You have used your military power against the small neighboring state. You have demonstrated that you can terrorize civilian populations. We have demonstrated that you will not be able to undermine democracy and the Georgian state. The crisis in the Democratic Republic of Congo where millions are dying not from violence but from easily preventable diseases. And Levy Patrick Mwanawasa Zambia's leader has died. We ll hear a tribute from Kenneth Kaunda , Zambia's first president.

 

The frost is settling in over Georgia and South Ossetia Tuesday saw a dramatic ramping up of the wretched between Western Nations and Russia. The Russian ambassador of the UN Security Council has rejected the draft resolution on Georgia proposed by France saying it fails to incorporate the terms of the ceasefire deal brokered by the French President Nicolas Sarkozy last week. Speaking after a meeting at the UN, Vitaly Churkin said French demands for an immediate withdrawal with all its earlier principles agreed by Russia and France.

 

There is serious political work implemented as principles and there is a propaganda and er sometimes when one listens to colleagues one is sort of amazed that you are listening to Ambassador Whof. I also was listening to him. He kept repeating, immediate withdrawal of Russia forces, immediate withdrawal of Russia forces. This is not the wording, this is not the language of the six principles. The language and the logic of the six principles is exactly as they have described and therefore, to have it also incorporated in the French draft resolution is not accurate and is wrong.

 

Earlier in the day, NATO leaders meeting in Brussels had warned that normal relations with Russia will be impossible while Russian troops were still on Georgian soil. Russian President Medvedev has said that his troops will pull back to the positions agreed in the ceasefire in the next few days.

 

And as the war of words continues, it starts remind us of the devastation that the short conflict has caused. Because according to figures released by the United Nations, nearly 160, 000 people in the region have fled their homes. UN High Commissioner for Refugees, Antonio Guterres told the BBC the vast majority are fled into Georgia and now in urgent need of humanitarian assistance.

 

We have adopted 60, 000 people who have fled into north Ossetia, into Russian federation. And there are about 128, 000 in Georgia. Most of them can't be supported. And it is very important that the international community gives a strong help to the UN agency, to the NGO in order to assist these population that fled / conflict and are living in that difficult circumstance.


In Brussels meanwhile, the show of unity for NATO's would-be member Georgia has been strong if light on concrete action. But the US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice told the BBC s * that NATO was being as tough as it needed to be.

 

The strongest statement that you can make to Russia right now is you have used your military power against the small neighboring state. You have demonstrated that you can bomb civilian ports, that you can terrorize civilian populations. You have demonstrated that you can occupy a railway or a strategic highway. You have demonstrated We have demonstrated that you will not be able to undermine democracy and the Georgian state. And so what strategic objective have you achieved? That is really the strongest message that could be sent to Russia right now. Now it s also the case that we have sent a message to Russia that the NATO will not permit a new line to develop in Europe between those states that are part of the transatlantic structures and those states that still aspire. And that s why the creation of the NATO Georgia commission is important, why it s important that the Ukraine NATO commission will meet next week and so forth.

 

Would you understand Russia s concerns about its own backyard and those pro-western governments that are there and you are alliance with them, I mean, surely the US will be concerned with some of the Russia announced that it was going to rebound the Cuban military

 

Oh, we will certainly not be concerned if Russia wanted to have good relations with democratic states in Latin America. In fact, we have been encouraged. I have looked favorably on Russian good relations with the democracies in Latin America. What does Russia have to fear from a small democracy on their border? A state that, yes, stays friendly to the West, we've always encouraged to be friendly to Russia as well.

 

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