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[BBC] 【整理】BBC 2008-08-21

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Thank you for downloading from the BBC. For details of our complete range of podcasts and our terms of use, go to bbcworldservice.com/podcasts.

 

Hello and welcome to the latest global news recorded at 0300 hours BST on Wednesday, the 20th of August. I'm Mark Whitaker with the selection of highlights from across BBC World Service news today.

 

And coming up, Russia rejects a proposed Security Council resolution on South Ossetia, accusing the French of changing the peace plan. But a warning from America, NATO will stand firm behind Georgia. ‘You have used your military power against the small neighboring state, you have demonstrated that you can terrorize civilian populations, we have demonstrated that you will not be able to undermine democracy and the Georgian state.’

 

The crisis in the Democratic Republic of Congo where millions are dying not from violence but from easily preventable diseases. And Levy Patrick Mwanawasa, Zambia’s leader has died. We’ll hear attribute from Kenneth Kaunda, Zambia’s first president.

 

The frost is settling in over Georgia and South Ossetia, Tuesday saw a dramatic ramping up of the rhetoric between western nations and Russia. The Russian ambassador of the UN Security Council has rejected the draft resolution on Georgia proposed by France, saying it fails to incorporate the terms of the ceasefire deal brokered by the French president Nicolas Sarkozy last week. Speaking after meeting at the UN, * said French demands for immediate withdrawal where odds with earlier principles agreed by Russia and France.

 

There is serious political work to implement the six principles, and there is propaganda, and sometimes when one listens to colleagues, one is sort of amazed, you were listening to ambassador W*, so I was listening to him, and he kept repeating immediate withdraw of Russian forces, immediate withdraw of Russian forces. This is not the wording, this is not the language of the six principles, of the language in the logic of six principles is exactly as I have described and therefore to have it also incorporated in the French draft resolution, is not accurate, and is wrong.

 

Early in the day, NATO leader meeting in Brussels had warned that normal relations with Russia would be impossible while Russian troops as still on Georgian soil. Russia’s president Medvedev has said that his troops will pull back to the positions agreed in the ceasefire in the next few days. And as the war of words continues to start remind us of the devastation that the short conflict has caused, because according to figures released by the United Nations, nearly 160,000 people in the region have fled their homes. The UN high commission of refugees António Guterres told BBC the vast majority fled into Georgia and now in urgent need of humanitarian assistance.

 

We have about such thousand people that fled into North Ossetia, Russian *, and there are about to 128,000 in Georgia. Most of them can be supported, and it’s *the international community gives strong help to the UN agencies, to the NGO in order to assist this population that’s fled conflicts and * that difficult circumstance.

 

In Brussels, meanwhile, the show of Unity for NATO’s would be member Georgia has been strong if light on concrete action, but US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice told the BBC’s Kim Ghattas that NATO was been as tough as it needed to be.

 

The strongest statement that you can make to Russia right now is, you have used your military power against a small neighboring state, you have demonstrated that you can bomb civilian ports, that you can terrorize civilian populations, you have demonstrated that you can occupy a rail way or a strategic highway, you have demonstrated, we have demonstrated that you will not be able to undermine democracy and the Georgian state. And so what strategic objective have you achieved? That is really the strongest message that could be sent to Russia right now. Now it is also the case that we have sent a message to Russia that NATO will not permit a new line to develop in Europe between those states that are a part of the transatlantic structures and those states that still aspire. And that’s why the creation of the NATO-Georgia Commission is important, why it’s important that the Ukraine-NATO Commission will meet next week and so forth.

 

But do you understand Russia’s concerns about its own backyard and those pro-Western governments that are there and your alliance with them? I mean, surely, the U.S. would be concerned if suddenly Russia announced that it was going to revamp the Cuban military.

 

Well, we would certainly not be concerned if Russia wanted to have good relations with democratic states in Latin America. In fact, we have encouraged and have looked favorably on Russian good relations with the democracies of Latin America. What does Russia have to fear from a small democracy on their border? A state that, yes, is friendly to the West, but we’ve always encouraged to be friendly to Russia as well.

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