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[BBC] 【整理】BBC 2008-08-21

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Thank you for downloading from the BBC. For details of our complete range of podcasts and our terms of use, go to bbcworldservice.com/podcasts.

 

Oh, welcome to the latest global news recorded at 0300 BST on Wednesday, the 20th of August. I'm Mark Whitaker with the selection of highlights from across BBC World Service news today.

 

Coming up, Russia rejects a proposed Security Council resolution on South Ossetia, accusing the French of changing the peace plan. But a warning from America, NATO will stand firm behind Georgia.

You have used your military power against a small neighboring state, you have demonstrated that you can terrorize civilian populations; we have demonstrated that you will not be able to undermine democracy in the Georgian state.

 

The crisis in the democratic republic of Congo where millions are dying, not from violence, but from easily preventable disease. And Levy Mwanawasa, Zambia’s leader has died. We hear a tribute from Kenneth Kaunda, Zambia’s first president.

 

The frost is settling in over Georgia and South Ossetia. Tuesday saw a dramatically ramming up of the regelate between western nations and Russia. The Russian ambassador of the UN Security Council has rejected the draft resolution on Georgia proposed by France, saying it fails to incorporate the terms of the ceasefire deal brokered by the French President Nicolas Sarkozy last week.

 

Speaking after meeting at the UN, ** says French demand for an immediate withdrawal was _ earlier principles agreed by Russia and France.

There are serious political work implemented six principles and there is propaganda. And sometimes when one listens to colleagues, one is sort of amazed. You were listening to ambassador Wu and I also was listening to him and he kept repeating immediate withdrawal of Russian forces, immediate withdrawal of Russian forces. This is not the wording; this is not the language of the six principles. The language and the logic of the six principles is exactly as it has described and therefore to have it also incorporated in the French resolution. It’s not accurate, and it’s wrong.  

 

Earlier the day, NATO leaders meeting in Brussels have warned normal relation with Russia will be impossible while Russian forces were still on Georgian soil. Russian president Medvedev has said that his troops will pull back to the position agreed by the ceasefire in the next few days. And as the war of word continues, it’s dark reminder of the devastation that the short conflict has caused. Because according to the figures relived by the United Nations, nearly 160,000 people in the region have fled their homes. The UN high commissioner for refugees Antoniou * told the BBC that vast majority has fled into Georgia and now in urgent need of humanitarian assistance.

 

**160,000 people that have fled into South Ossetia, into Russia federation. And there are about 128,000 in Georgia, most of them can be supported and *** international community gives a strong help to the UN agency to the MTO in order to assist the population that fled conflict * are living in difficult circumstance.

 

In Brussels meanwhile, the show of unity for NATO would be member Georgia has been strong if lie in concrete action. But US secretary of state Condoleezza Rice told the BBC Kim Ghattas that NATO was being as tough as it needed to be.

 

The strongest you can make to Russia right now is that you have used your military power against a small neighboring state, you have demonstrated that you can bomb civilian ports, that you can terrorize civilian populations, that you have demonstrated that you can occupy a wheel way or a strategic highway. You have demonstrated, we have demonstrated that you will not undermine democracy in the Georgian state. And so what strategic objectives have you achieved? That is really the strongest message that could be sent to Russia right now. Now it is also the case that we have sent a message to Russia that NATO will not permit a new line to developing Europe between those states that are a part of the transatlantic structures and those states that are still spies. That is why the creations of the NATO—Georgia commission is important, why it’s important that the Ugrian—NATO commission will meet next weekend, so forth.  

 

Would you understand Russia’s concerns about its own backyard and those pro-western governments that are there and you are alliance with them. I mean, surely the US will be concerned if suddenly Russia announced that it was going to re-vow the Cuban military.

 

Well, we would certainly not be concerned if Russia wanted to have good relationship with democratic states in Latin-America. In fact, we have encouraged. I have looked favorably on Russian good relation with the democracies in Latin-America. What does Russia has to fear from a small democracy on their border?  A state, yes, it is friendly to the west. Yeah, but we also encourage it to be friendly to Russia as well.
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