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[探索发现] 【整理】2008-09-10 Cultural Psychology 文化心理学-2

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In one study, American and East-Asian subjects were asked why the fish moved as they did.

 

American subjects pay more attention to the individual fish, individual's movements and individual's desires. And Asian subjects pay more attention to the group fish.

 

Next they were asked to pay attention to the blue fish on the right, then to describe the reasons for the blue fish's behavior.

 

And Americans always talked about individual fish, why did it get away from the group? Tired of the group, hate the group, want it to be the leaders of the group. Whereas Chinese and Japanese students were more likely to say the individual which couldn't get along with group fish, its group fish kicked out the individual fish and they just don't like this individual fish.

 

These cultural differences in how we interpret behavior can lead to starkly different versions of events. A fact that Doctor Pang learned by tragic coincidence.

 

One night I got a phone call from friend who said you turn on the TV.

“As this graduate student walk into the department Physics with a 38 caliber revolver and shot…..”

And suddenly I saw a familiar face on the screen.

I knew the guy because he dated my wife’s roommate in China.

“Those shots killed rival students Liwa Shine…”

I talked to my wife about this. Either we thought that well if he married my wife’s roommate, then he probably won't become such a, you know, a mass murder. And we thought it’s too bad he did not get the marry.

 

Pang's American friends and press responded quite differently to the crime, saying that Gang Lu was a time bomb and would kill the woman along with himself. But the Chinese papers had another point of view.

Chinese media report was basically about how he had a terrible relationship with other people; how he couldn't adjust to the American cultures and how easy to get a gun in the Untied States. Basically if he were in China, he would not commit the crime.

 

If we have fundamental differences in how we interpret other's behavior, how do we view our own behavior, our own sense of self? Research suggests that how we make sense of the world depend in a large part on who we think we are? What we think are supposed to be doing in this life has been engaged with our cultural social meanings and pratices.

 

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我还在,你们在哪里?北星。翩然。芊芊。叶叶。。。。
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