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[探索发现] 【整理】2008-09-10 Cultural Psychology 文化心理学-2

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[探索发现] 【整理】2008-09-10 Cultural Psychology 文化心理学-2

Cultural Psychology 心理


This newly emerging field is integrating cross-cultural research with social and personality psychology, anthropology, and other social sciences. Its main new perspective is centered on how cultures construct selves and other central aspects of individual personality, beliefs, values, and emotions — much of what we are and do. This area is increasing interaction of people from different cultural backgrounds, and emerging issues of diversity.





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【整理】---sylvia_qian

For reference only

 

In one study, American and East-Asian subjects were asked why the fish moved as they did.

 

Kaiping Peng: American subjects pay more attention to the individual fish, individual's movements and individual's desires. And Asian subjects pay more attention to the movement of the group fish.

 

Next they were asked to pay attention to the blue fish on the right, then to describe the reasons for the blue fish's behavior.

 

Kaiping Peng: And Americans always talk about individual fish, wanting to get away from the group, tired of group, hate the group, wanting to be the leaders of the group. Whereas the Chinese and the Japanese students were more likely to say the individual fish couldn't get along with group fish, the group fish kicked out the individual fish and they just don't like this individual fish.

 

These cultural differences in how we interpret behavior can lead to starkly different versions of events. A fact that Doctor Peng learned by tragic coincidence.

 

Kaiping Peng: One night I got a phone call from friend, who said, you know, "turn on the TV." (A disgruntled graduate student walked into the Department of Physics with a 38 caliber revolver and shot four people.) And suddenly I saw a familiar face on the screen. I knew the guy because he dated my wife's roommate in China. (Those shots killed rival student, Linhua Shan.)

 

Kaiping Peng: I talked to my wife about this. And we thought that, well, if he married my wife's roommate, then he probably won't become such a, you know, a mass murder. And we thought that's too bad they didn't get married.

 

Peng's American friends and the press responded quite differently to the crime, saying that Gang Lu was a time bomb and would have killed the woman along with himself. But the Chinese papers had another point of view.

 

Kaiping Peng: Chinese media report was basically about how he had a terrible relationship with other people, how he couldn't adjust to the American cultures and how easy to get a gun in the United States. Basically, if he were in China, he would not commit the crime.

 

If we have fundamental differences in how we interpret others’ behavior, how do we view our own behavior, our own sense of self? Research suggests that how we make sense of the world depends in large part on who we think we are? And what we think we’re supposed to be doing in this life as we engage with our culture’s social meanings and practices.

 

Vocabulary:

 

disgruntled: annoyed or disappointed, especially because things have not happened in the way that you wanted

Party members are disgruntled at the way the campaign is being handled.

mass murder: Mass murder is the deliberate illegal killing of a large number of people by a person or an organization.

time bomb: If you describe something as a time bomb, you mean that it is likely to have a serious effect on a person or situation at a later date, especially if you think it will cause a lot of damage.

Unemployment is building up into a social time bomb across the industrialized world.

 

[ 本帖最后由 sylvia_qian 于 2008-9-11 09:11 编辑 ]

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