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[探索发现] 【整理】2008-09-10 Cultural Psychology 文化心理学-2

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on ghance

 

In one study, American and East-Asian subjects were asked why the fish moved as they did.

 

Kaiping Peng: American subjects pay more attention to the individual fish, individual's movements and individual's desires. And Asian subjects pay more attention to the movement of the group fish.

 

Next they were asked to pay attention to the blue fish on the right, then to describe the reasons for the blue fish's behavior.

 

Kaiping Peng: And Americans always talk about individual fish, one to get away from the group, (be) tired of the group, hate the group, one to be the leader of the group. Whereas Chinese and Japanese students were more likely to say the individual which couldn't get along with group fish, the group fish kicked out the individual fish and they just don't like this individual fish.

These cultural differences in how we interpret behavior can lead to starkly different versions of events.

 

A fact that Doctor Peng learnedby tragic coincidence.

 

Kaiping Peng: One night I got a phone call from friend, and who said, you know, "turn on the TV."

 

A distraught graduate student walked into the Department of Physics with a 38 caliber revolver and shot four people.

 

Kaiping Peng: and suddenly I saw a familiar face on the screen. I knew the guy because he dated my wife's roommate in China.

 

Those shots killed a rival student, Linhua Shan.

 

Kaiping Peng: I talked to my wife about this. And we thought that, well, if he married my wife's roommate, then he probably won't become such a, you know, a master murder. And we thought that's too bad they didn't get married.

 

Peng's American friends and the Press responded quite differently to the crime, saying that Gang Lu was a time bomb and would kill the woman along with himself. But the Chinese papers had another point of view.

 

Kaiping Peng: Chinese media report was basically about how he had a terrible relationship with other people, how he couldn't adjust to the American cultures and how easy to get a gun in the United States. Basically, if he were in China, he would not commit the crime.

 

If we have fundamental differences in how we interpret other's behavior, how do we view our own behavior, our own sense of self? Research suggests that how we make sense of the world depends in a large part on who we think we are? What we think are supposed to be doing in this life has been engaged with our cultural social meanings and pratices.
 

 

[ 本帖最后由 dribble 于 2008-9-10 15:48 编辑 ]
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