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[探索发现] 【整理】2008-09-10 Cultural Psychology 文化心理学-2

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In one study, the American and east Asian subjects were asked why the fishi move as they did. "American subjects pay more attention to the individual fish, individual's movements, and individual's desires. And Asian subjects pay more attention to the movement of the group fish." Next they were asked pay attention to the flue fish on the right. They can describe the reasons for the blue fish's behavior. "And Americans always talk about individual fish, one to get away from the group, titled the group, hated the group, wanted to be the leader of the group. Whereas Chinesee and Japanese students will more likely to say the individual couldn't get along with group fish. The group fishi kick out the individual fishi and they just don't like the individual fish." These cultural differences in how we interpret behavior can lead the starkly different versions of events. A fact that Dr. Peng learnt by tragic coincidence. "One night I got a phone call from friend and he said you'd turn on the TV." "A ** graduate student walked into the department of physics with a 38 ** **, shot....." "And suddenly I saw a familiar face on the screen. I knew the guy because he dated my wife's roommate in China." "Those shots kill rival student Liwa Shawn..." "I talked to my wife about this. Everyone thought that well if he married my wife's roommate, then he probably won't become such a , you know, a mess murder. And we thought it's too bad they didn't get married." Peng's American friends and the press responded quite different to the crime Saying that Gang Lu was a tying bomb, and would kill the woman along with himself. But the Chinese paper had another point of view. "Chinese media report was basically about how he had a terrible relationship with other people, how he couldn't adjust to the American cultures and how easy to get a gun in the United States. Basically if he were in China, he would not commit the crime." If we have fundamental differences and how we interpret other's behavior, hwo do we view our own behavior, our own sense of self. Researches suggest that how we make sense of the world depends in a large part on who we think we are, what we think we are supposed we've been doing in this life, has been engaged with our culture's social meanings and practices.
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