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[探索发现] 【整理】2008-09-12 Cultural Psychology 文化心理学-3

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[探索发现] 【整理】2008-09-12 Cultural Psychology 文化心理学-3

Cultural Psychology 心理


This newly emerging field is integrating cross-cultural research with social and personality psychology, anthropology, and other social sciences. Its main new perspective is centered on how cultures construct selves and other central aspects of individual personality, beliefs, values, and emotions — much of what we are and do. This area is increasing interaction of people from different cultural backgrounds, and emerging issues of diversity.





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【整理】---sylvia_qian

For reference only

 

Hazel Markus of Stanford University and Shinobu Kitayama of Kyoto University investigate how the self and culture continually create each other.

 

We think about people as culturally-shaped shapers. So they are shaped by culture as they engage with these patterns of meanings and practices, ways of doing everyday life. But they also shape the culture in the course of behaving; in the course of talking to other people; in the course of acting; in the course of making products and putting them into the world. Human nature and the ways of being human, the ways of being a person; the ways of having a mind are very much tied to the patterning of those social worlds that you are part of.

 

Markus and Kitayama call this process of shaping and being shaped mutual constitution. But in different cultural settings, it can produce very different psychological processes. They have described two of these possible modes of being as independent and interdependent. The independent mode of being can be seen most clearly in the United States and Western Europe; the interdependent way is more characteristic of East-Asian societies.

 

In European American cultural settings, individuals think about themselves as responsible for behavior, as in control. They control their worlds by influencing other people. It's important to say what's important to you, if someone asks you what you like, say, I want a Diet Coke and a turkey sandwich, and say it very directly and be sure of yourself and make quick decisions.

 

For many European Americans, making choices defines the self as unique and positive. It even influences how Americans treat their guests. At a party, American hosts will often say "help yourself". This statement would seem odd to many East-Asians.

 

In Japanese cultural practice, greeting a guest wouldn't involve anything like offering a choice.

 

[ 本帖最后由 sylvia_qian 于 2008-9-13 19:36 编辑 ]

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Homework

 

Hazel Markus of Stanford University and / of Kyoto University, investigate how the self and culture continuely create each other.

 

We think about people as cultural, we shaped, shapers. So they are shaped by culture as they engage with these patterns of meanings and practices, ways of doing everyday life. But they also shape the culture in the course of behaving; in the course of talking the other people; in the course of acting; in the course of making products and putting them into the world. Human nature in the ways of being human ways of being a person; the ways of having a mind, are very much tied to the patterning of those social worlds that you are part of.

 

Markus and / call this process of shaping and being shaped mutual constistution. But in different cultural settings, it can produce very different psychological processes. They describe two of these possible modes of being as independent, and interdependent. Be independent mode of being can been seen in most clearly in the United States and Western Europe; be interdependent way is more characteristic of east Asiaa societies.

 

In European and American cultural studyings, individual thinks about themselves as responsible for behavior as in control. They control the worlds by influencing other people. It's important to see what's inportant to you, if someone asks you what you like, say, I want a / and turkey sandwich, and say it very directly and be sure of yourself and make quick descisions.

 

The many European Americans making choices to find the self as unique and positive. It even influences how Americans treat their guests. At a party, American hosts would often say "Help yourself". This statement would seem odd to many east Asians.

 

In Japanese, cultural practice, greeting the guest, wouldn't involve anything like offering a choice.

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on wukeyu123

Hazel Markus of Stanford University and / of Kyoto University, investigate how the self and culture continually create each other.

 

We think about people as culturally-shaped, shapers. So they are shaped by culture as they engage with these patterns of meanings and practices, ways of doing everyday life. But they also shape the culture in the course of behaving; in the course of talking the other people; in the course of acting; in the course of making products and putting them into the world. Human nature in the ways of being human ways of being a person; the ways of having a mind, are very much tied to the patterning of those social worlds that you are part of.

 

Markus and / call this process of shaping and being shaped mutual constitution. But in different cultural settings, it can produce very different psychological processes. They describe two of these possible modes of being as independent, and interdependent. Be independent mode of being can been seen in most clearly in the United States and Western Europe; the interdependent way is more characteristic of East-Asian societies.

 

In European and American cultural studies, individual thinks about themselves as responsible for behavior as in control. They control the worlds by influencing other people. It's important to see what's important to you, if someone asks you what you like, say, I want a Diet CoCa and turkey sandwich, and say it very directly and be sure of yourself and make quick decisions.

 

For many European Americans, making choices to finds the self as unique and positive. It even influences how Americans treat their guests. At a party, American hosts would often say "Help yourself". This statement would seem odd to many East-Asians.

 

In Japanese, cultural practice, greeting the guest, wouldn't involve anything like offering a choice.

 

我还在,你们在哪里?北星。翩然。芊芊。叶叶。。。。
实现无障碍英语沟通

on ghance

Hazel Markus of Stanford University and Shinobu Kitayama of Kyoto University, investigate how the self and culture continually create each other.

 

We think about people as culturally-shaped, shapers. So they are shaped by culture as they engage with these patterns of meanings and practices, ways of doing everyday life. But they also shape the culture in the course of behaving; in the course of talking the other people; in the course of acting; in the course of making products and putting them into the world. Human nature in the ways of being human ways of being a person; the ways of having a mind, are very much tied to the patterning of those social worlds that you are part of.

 

Markus and Kitayama call this process of shaping and being shaped mutual constitution. But in different cultural settings, it can produce very different psychological processes. They describe two of these possible modes of being as independent, and interdependent. Be independent mode of being can been seen in most clearly in the United States and Western Europe; the interdependent way is more characteristic of East-Asian societies.

 

In European and American cultural studies, individual thinks about themselves as responsible for behavior as in control. They control the worlds by influencing other people. It's important to see what's important to you, if someone asks you what you like, say, I want a Diet CoCa and turkey sandwich, and say it very directly and be sure of yourself and make quick decisions.

 

For many European Americans, making choices to finds the self as unique and positive. It even influences how Americans treat their guests. At a party, American hosts would often say "Help yourself". This statement would seem odd to many East-Asians.

 

In Japanese, cultural practice, greeting the guest, wouldn't involve anything like offering a choice.

 

 

我还在,你们在哪里?北星。翩然。芊芊。叶叶。。。。
口译专员推荐—>口译训练软件IPTAM口译通

HW

Hazsel Rose Markus of Standford University and of K University investigate how the self in culture continuely creat eather other.
We think about people as culturely shaped shapers, so the're shaped by culture as they engage with these patterns of meanings and practiced ways of doing everyday life. But they also shape the culture in the course of behaving, in the course of talking to people, in the course of acting, in the course of making products and putting them into the world.
Human nature and the ways of being, the ways of being of a person, the ways of having a line are very much tied to the patterns of those social world's that you are /.
Markus and / call the process of shaping and being shaped, mutual constitution.With the different culture settings, you can produce very dirrerent phycicalogical processes. They have described two of these possible moods of being as independent and inrodependent. Begin the independent mood being can be seen most clearly in the United States and Western Europe. Begin the independent way is more charactiristic of east Asian societies.
In European and American cultural settings, individual think about themselves as responsible for behaviors as in control. They control their worlds by influcing other people. It's important to say what's important to you someone asks you what will be right to say I want a dial call / took sandwhithes and say very directly and be sure of youself and make quick decisions.
For many European and Americans making choices defines the selfe as unique and positive. 
And it even influences how Americans treat their gusts. At a party  American hosts often say "Help yourself", this statement will seem / to many east Asians. In Janpanese culture practice greeting a gust wouldn't involve anything like offering a choice.

on  the 2nd ghance

 

Hazel Markus of Stanford University and Shinobu Kitayama of Kyoto University, investigate how the self and culture continually create each other.

 

We think about people as culturally-shaped, shapers. So they are shaped by culture as they engage with these patterns of meanings and practices, ways of doing everyday life. But they also shape the culture in the course of behaving; in the course of talking to other people; in the course of acting; in the course of making products and putting them into the world. Human nature in the ways of being human ways of being a person; the ways of having a mind, are very much tied to the patterning of those social worlds that you are part of.

 

Markus and Kitayama call this process of shaping and being shaped mutual constitution. But in different cultural settings, it can produce very different psychological processes. They have described two of these possible modes of being as independent, and interdependent. Be independent mode of being can been seen in most clearly in the United States and Western Europe; the interdependent way is more characteristic of East-Asian societies.

 

In European and American cultural studyings, individuals think about themselves as responsible for behavior as in control. They control their words by influencing other people. It's important to see what's important to you, if someone asks you what you like, say, I want a Diet CoCa and turkey sandwich, and say it very directly and be sure of yourself and make quick decisions.

 

For many European Americans, making choices to finds the self as unique and positive. It even influences how Americans treat their guests. At a party, American hosts would often say "Help yourself". This statement would seem odd to many East-Asians.

 

In Japanese, cultural practice, greeting the guest, wouldn't involve anything like offering a choice.

1

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One without faith is sure to fail 新浪微薄:福威武威

hw

susan斑斑又晚了一点哈,帮斑斑改成hw了,谢谢支持---sylvia

 

on ghance  小改几处~~

Hazel Markus of Stanford University and Shinobu Kitayama of Kyoto University, investigate how the self and culture continually create each other.

 

We think about people as culturally-shaped, shapers. So they are shaped by culture as they engage with these patterns of meanings and practices, ways of doing everyday life. But they also shape the culture in the course of behaving; in the course of talking to other people; in the course of acting; in the course of making products and putting them into the world. Human nature in the ways of being human ways of being a person; the ways of having a mind, are very much tied to the patterning of those social worlds that you are part of.

 

Markus and Kitayama call this process of shaping and being shaped mutual constitution. But in different cultural settings, it can produce very different psychological processes. They've described two of these possible modes of being as independent, and interdependent. Be independent mode of being can been seen in most clearly in the United States and Western Europe; the interdependent way is more characteristic of East-Asian societies.

 

In European and American cultural studies, individual thinks about themselves as responsible for behavior as in control. They control the worlds by influencing other people. It's important to see what's important to you, if someone asks you what you like, say, I want a Diet CoCa and turkey sandwich, and say it very directly and be sure of yourself and make quick decisions.

 

For many European Americans, making choices defines the self as unique and positive. It even influences how Americans treat their guests. At a party, American hosts would often say "Help yourself". This statement would seem odd to many East-Asians.

 

In Japanese, cultural practice, greeting the guest, wouldn't involve anything like offering a choice.

[ 本帖最后由 sylvia_qian 于 2008-9-12 11:14 编辑 ]
实现无障碍英语沟通

hw

Hazel Markus of Stanford University and Sainobu Kitayama of Kyoto University investigate how the self in culture continually create each other.

 

We think about people as culturally shaped shapers, so they are shaped by culture as they engage with these patterns of meanings and practices, ways of doing everyday life. But they also shape the culture in the course of behaving, in the course of talking to other people, in the course of acting, in the course of making products and putting them into the world. Human nature in the ways of being, human ways of being a person, the ways of having a mind are very much tied to the patterning of those social worlds that you are part of.

 

Markus and Kitayama call this process of shaping and being shaped mutual constitution. But in different culture settings, it can produce very different psychological processes, they have described two of these possible modes of being as independent and interdependent. The independent mode of being can be seeing most clearly in the United States and western Europe, the interdependent way is more characteristic of East Asian societies.

 

In European and American cultural settings, individual think(s) about themselves as responsible for behavior as in control, they control their worlds by influencing other people. It’s important to say what’s important to you if some one asked you what you like say, I want a *, a turkey sandwich, and say it very directly and be sure of yourself and make quick decisions.

 

For many European Americans, making choices defines the self as unique and positive, it even influences how Americans treat their guests. At a party, American host will often say ‘help yourself’, this statement would seem odd to many East Asians.

 

In Japanese, cultural practice, greeting the guest wouldn’t involve anything like offering the choice.

普特听力大课堂

on cross3561

Hazel Markus of Stanford University and Shinobu Kitayama of Kyoto University/ investigate how the self and culture continually create each other.

 

We think about people as culturally-shaped/ shapers. So they are shaped by culture as they engage with these patterns of meanings and practices, ways of doing everyday life. But they also shape the culture in the course of behaving; in the course of talking to other people; in the course of acting; in the course of making products and putting them into the world. Human nature and the ways of being human, the ways of being a person; the ways of having a mind, are very much tied to the patterning of those social worlds that you are part of.

 

Markus and Kitayama call this process of shaping and being shaped mutual constitution. But in different cultural settings, it can produce very different psychological processes. They have described two of these possible modes of being as independent, and interdependent. The independent mode of being can be seen in most clearly in the United States and Western Europe; the interdependent way is more characteristic of East-Asian societies.

 

In European / American cultural settings, individuals think about themselves as responsible for behavior as in control. They control their worlds by influencing other people. It's important to say what's important to you, if someone asks you what you like, say, I want a Diet Coke and a turkey sandwich, and say it very directly and be sure of yourself and make quick decisions.

 

For many European Americans, making choices defines the self as unique and positive. It even influences how Americans treat their guests. At a party, American hosts would often say "Help yourself". This statement would seem odd to many East-Asians.

 

In Japanese/ cultural practice, greeting the guest/ wouldn't involve anything like offering a choice.

 

[ 本帖最后由 jjmm 于 2008-9-12 11:28 编辑 ]
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  • sylvia_qian

好栏目推荐之美国口语俚语

On jjmm

 

Hazel Markus of Stanford University and Shinobu Kitayama of Kyoto University investigate how the self and culture continually create each other.

 

We think about people as culturally-shaped shapers. So they are shaped by culture as they engage with these patterns of meanings and practices, ways of doing everyday life. But they also shape the culture in the course of behaving; in the course of talking to other people; in the course of acting; in the course of making products and putting them into the world. Human nature and the ways of being human, the ways of being a person; the ways of having a mind, are very much tied to the patterning of those social worlds that you are part of.

 

Markus and Kitayama call this process of shaping and being shaped mutual constitution. But in different cultural settings, it can produce very different psychological processes. They have described two of these possible modes of being as independent, and interdependent. The independent mode of being can be seen in most clearly in the United States and Western Europe; the interdependent way is more characteristic of East-Asian societies.

 

In European and American cultural settings, individuals think about themselves as responsible for behavior as in control. They control their worlds by influencing other people. It's important to say what's important to you, if someone asks you what you like, say, I want a Diet Coke and a turkey sandwich, and say it very directly and be sure of yourself and make quick decisions.

 

For many European Americans, making choices defines the self as unique and positive. It even influences how Americans treat their guests. At a party, American hosts would often say "Help yourself". This statement would seem odd to many East-Asians.

 

In Japanese cultural practice, greeting the guest wouldn't involve anything like offering a choice.

 

水击三千里,抟扶摇而上者九万里。

HW

Hazel Markus of Stanford University and Sainobu Kitayama of Kyoto University investigate how the self in culture continually create each other. We think about people as culturally shaped shapers, so they are shaped by culture as they engage with these patterns of meanings and practices, ways of doing everyday life. But they also shape the culture in the course of behaving, in the course of talking to other people, in the course of acting, in the course of making products and putting them into the world. Human nature in the ways of being, human ways of being a person, the ways of having a mind are very much tied to the patterning of those social worlds that you are part of. Markus and Kitayama call this process of shaping and being shaped mutual constitution. But in different culture settings, it can produce very different psychological processes. They have described two of these possible modes of being as independent and interdependent. The independent mode of being can be seeing most clearly in the United States and western Europe. The interdependent way is more characteristic of East Asian societies. In European and American cultural settings, individuals think about themselves as responsible for behavior as in control, they control their worlds by influencing other people. It’s important to say what’s important to you if some one asked you what you like say, I want a diet coke, and a turkey sandwich, and say it very directly and be sure of yourself and make quick decisions. For many European Americans, making choices defines the self as unique and positive. Tt even influences how Americans treat their guests. At a party, American host will often say ‘help yourself’, this statement would seem odd to many East Asians. In Japanese, cultural practice, greeting the guest wouldn’t involve anything like offering the choice.

homework

Hazel Markus of Stanford University and / of kyoto university investigate how the self in culture continually create each other.

 

We think about people as culturely shape shapers so they are shaped by these cultures as they engaged with these patterns meanings and practices ways of doing everyday life, but they also shape the culture in the course of behaving in the course of talking to other people in the course of acting in the course of making products and putting them into the world. Human nature in the ways of being human , in the ways bing a person,in the ways of having a mind are very much tied to the patterning of those social world that you are part of.

 

 Markus and / called this process of shaping and being shaped mutual consititution, within different cultural settings it can produce very different psychological process/. They have described two of these possible modes being as independent and interdependent. The independent mode of being can be seen most clearly in the United States and weatern Europe, the interdependent way is more characteristic of east asian societies.

 

In European and American culture settings individual think about themselves as responsible for  behaviour as in control, they control their world by influencing other people. It’s important to say what’s important to you if someone ask you what you like say I want a diet coke / turkey sandwich say it very directly and be sure of yourself in make quick dicision.

 

For many years / American making choices defines the self as unique and positive, it even influences how the Americans treat their guests, at a party American host often say help yourself the statement would seem odd to many east asians.

 

In Japanese cultural practice greeting a guest wouldn’t involve anything like offering a choice.

好好学习,天天向上。

我有点傻
我有点呆
每天半小时 轻松提高英语口语

on tricyqiao

串个门

Hazel Markus of Stanford University and Shinobu Kitayama of Kyoto University investigate how the self and culture continually create each other.

 

We think about people as culturally-shaped shapers. So they are shaped by culture as they engage with these patterns of meanings and practices, ways of doing everyday life. But they also shape the culture in the course of behaving; in the course of talking to other people; in the course of acting; in the course of making products and putting them into the world. Human nature and the ways of being human, the ways of being a person; the ways of having a mind, are very much tied to the patterning of those social worlds that you are part of.

 

Markus and Kitayama call this process of shaping and being shaped mutual constitution. But in different cultural settings, it can produce very different psychological processes. They have described two of these possible modes of being as independent, and interdependent. The independent mode of being can be seen / most clearly in the United States and Western Europe; the interdependent way is more characteristic of East-Asian societies.

 

In European and American cultural settings, individuals think about themselves as responsible for behavior as in control. They control their words by influencing other people. It's important to say what's important to you, if someone asks you what you like, say, I want a Diet Coke and a turkey sandwich, and say it very directly and be sure of yourself and make quick decisions.

 

For many European Americans, making choices defines the self as unique and positive. It even influences how Americans treat their guests. At a party, American hosts would often say "Help yourself". This statement would seem odd to many East-Asians.

 

In Japanese cultural practice, greeting the guest wouldn't involve anything like offering a choice.

 

 

In the mountains of truth ,you can never climb in vain.

homework
Hazel  Makus of Stantford University and Shinobu Kitayama of Kyoto University investigate how the self and culture continually create each other .

We think about peolple as culturally- shaped shapers so they're shaped by curture as they engage with these  patterns of   meanings and  practices, ways of doing  everyday life  ,but they also shape the culture in the course of behaving , in the course of talking to other people, in the course of acting , in the course of making products and putting them into the world  .

Human nature , in the ways of being human , ways of being  a person ,the ways of having a mind are very much tied to the patterning  of those socil worlds that you are part of .

Markus and Kitayama call this process  of shaping and being shaped  mutual constitution But in different cultural  settings ,it can produce very different psychological processes .

They  describe two of these  possible modes of being  as independent and interdependent  .
Be independent mode of  being can been seen   most clearly in the United  States and western  Europe .
The interdependent way is  more characteristic of east- Asian societies.

In European and American cultural studyings ,individuals think about themselves as  responsible for behavior as in control .They control their words by influencing oher people ,it's important to see what's important  to you , if  someone asks you what you like  ,say   I want a Diet coca and turkey sandwich  and say it very directly and be sure of  yourself and make quick decisions .

For many European Amerians making choices defines the  self  as  unique and positive .

It  even influences how Americans treat their guests ,at a party ,  American hosts  would often  say "help yourself ."
This statement would  seem odd  to many east Asians  .

In Japanese ,cultural practice , greeting the guest ,wouldn't involve anything  like offering a  choice

口译专员推荐—>口译训练软件IPTAM口译通

HOMEWORK

 

----- of Stanford university and---- of Kyoto university investigate have how the self in culture continually create each other.

we think about people as culture we shapes culturally-shaped shapers, so they’re shaped by culture as they engaged with these patterns of meanings and then practices, we’re ways of doing everyday life. but they also shape the culture in the course of behaving, and in the course of talking to other people in the course of acting, in the course of making products and pretending putting them into the world.

human nature the and the ways of being human, the ways being a person, the ways of having a mind are bearing very much tie to the patterning of those social grows world that your products you’re part of.

marketing in Markus and Kitayama---- cause call this process of shaping and being shaped. mutual constitution.

but in different cultural settings, it can produce very different psychological processes. they have described two of these possible most models of being as independent and interdependent.

the independent most models of being can be seen most clearly in united states and western Europe. the interdependent way is the most more characteristic of eastern Asian societies. in European and American culture, studying cultural settings, individuals think about themselves as responsible sub-behavior for behavior, as in control. they control their words by influencing other people, it’s important to say what’s important to you the important thing of important issue someone asks you invite what you like, to say “I, I want a Diet Coke and an turkey sandwich” he and say it very directly and be sure of yourself, and they make quit the quick decision.

for many European and Americans making choices to defines themselves as~ initial part unique and positive. it even influence how American treat to their guess, at the party,  of American hosts work often say, how per self help yourself.  the statement was saying “oh, to me------”. would seem odd to many  east-Asians. in Japanese cultural practice greeting and guess guest wouldn’t involve anything like offering of the a choice.
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