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[word-lover] 【整理】2008-10-19 Words and Their Stories

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Now,the VOA Special English program,worlds and their stories. Americans often use expressions about animals.In 2008,the main candidates for president each used physics expression."You can put a lipstck on a pig ,but it is still a pig. This means that it is a waste of time to change something from ugly or unpleasant looking to beautiful.There are other expressions about change pig's appearance, like this one "a hog on silk waistcoat is still a hog".Hogs are similar to pigs only bigger.Americans use many other expressions about pigs hogs and female hogs called sows,like this one "you can not make a silk purse out of sows ear", this means you cannot create something valuable from something has no value.In a pig's eye is another unusual expression it means something is not so or will never happen .Then there is the expression"cast pearls before swine "that means wasting something valuable on someone who will not be thankful or care about it .However ,at least one kind of pig can be useful in saving money ,it is called a piggy bank.You can buy a small container shaped like a pig .it has a hole that children can put money in it.Hogs are very large animals if you say you ate high on a hog during holiday ,it means you ate very good or costly food ,if you want whole hog on your trip,it means you did everything possible to have fun.But you should never go hogs wild anytime because that means behaving badly.hogs take up a lot of space but people should not take up more than their shares.If one of children take up too muchspace before television other children may say do not hog the couch.and a road hog is a driver who uses more than his share of the road. Such a driver increases dangers for other drivers. Pig terms are also used in American politics. Farmers marks their pigs ears to identify them. In politics, earmarks are money set aside for projects in a congressmen home state or locality. And politicians might say there is a lot of pork in the budget proposal, meaning wasteful spending. In many areas, pigs provide ham bacon and other pork products to eat. All Americans want to be able to bring home the bacon. That means to earn enough money to provide the necessities of life. Expert say this term was first used in the 1920s. But it is believed to come from the much older game of catching a greased pig. This was a popular event at country fairs in which the winner was awarded the pig.
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