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[word-lover] 【整理】2008-10-19 Words and Their Stories

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Homework Now ,the VOA special English program.words and their stories. Americans ofen use expressions about animals . In 2008 ,the main candidates for president each used physic's expression:you can put lipstick on a pig but it is still a pig.This means that is waste of time to change sth from ugly or unpleasant looking to beautiful. There are other expressions about improving a pig's appearance like this one.There are other expressions about improving a pig's appearance like this one.A hog in a silk waistcoat is still a hog.Hogs are similar to pigs only bigger. Amercans use many other expressions about pigs ,hogs and female hogs called sows. Like this one:You can not put a silk purse out of a south ear.This means you can not creat sth valueable from sth that have no value. "In a pig's eye" is another unusual expression.It means sth is not so or will never happen. Then there is the expression "casting pearls before swine" that means wasting sth valueable on someone who will not be thankful or care about it. However at least one kind of pig is can be useful in serving money.It is called "a piggy-bank".You can a small container shaped like pig.It has a hole where a child can put money into it. Hogs are very large animals.If you say you "ate high on the hog" during a holiday.It means you ate very good or costly food. If you "went whole hog on you trip",it means you did everything possible to have found.But you should never "go hog wild "at any time because that means behaving badly. Hogs take up a lot of space but people should not take up more than they are share.If one of your children is taking up too much space sitting in front of the televition other children might say:do not hog the couch! And a road hog is a driver who uses more than he share of the road.Such a driver increases dangers for other drivers. Pig terms are also used in American politics.Farmers mark their pig's ears to identify them.In politics "ear marks" are money set a side for projects in a congressmam's home state or locality.And policians might say there is a lot of pogs in a burget proposal meaning wasteful spanding. In many ares pigs provide ham ,bacon and other pog products to eat .All of the Americans want to be able to "bring home the bacon" that means to earn enough money to provide in the necessities of life. Experts said this term was first used in the 1920s but it's believe to come from the much older game of catching a grist pig.This was a popular event at country fairs in which the winner was awarded the pig.
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