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[word-lover] 【整理】2008-10-19 Words and Their Stories

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homework

Americans often use expressions about animals,In2008,the main cadidates for president each used this expression:"You can put lipstick on a pig,but it is still a pig."This means that it is a waste of time to chage something from ugly or unpleasant looking to beautiful.There are other expressions about improving a pig's apppearance like this one.A hog in a silk waistcoat is still a hog.Hogs are similar to pigs only bigger.Americans use many other expressions about pigs,hogs and female hogs called souse.like this one,you can not make a silk purse out of souse ear.That means you can not creat something valueable from something that has no value."In a pig's eye" is another unusual expression it means something is not so or will never hapen.Then there is an expression "casting perl before swine".That means wasting something valueable on someone who will not be thankful or care about it.However, at least one kind of pig can be useful in saving money.It is called "a piggy bank".You can buy a small container shaped like a pig .It has a hole where a child can put money into it.Hogs are very large animals.If you say you ate high on a hog during a holiday,it means you ate very good or costly food.If you went whole hog on a trip,it means you did everthing possible to have fun.But you should never go hog wild at any time,because that means behaving badly.Hogs take up a lot of space,but people should not take up more than their share.If one of your children is taking up too much space sitting in front of the television,other children might say:"do not hog the couch".And a road hog is a driver who uses more than his share of the road.Such a driver increases dangers for other drivers.Pig terms are also used in American politics.Farmers mark their pig's ears to identify them.In politics,ear marks are money set aside for project in a Congressmen's homestate or locality.And politicians might say there is a lot of pork in a budget proposal meaning waste for spending.In many areas,pigs provide ham bacan and other porkproducts to eat.All Americans want to be able to bring home the bacan.That means to earn enough money to provide the necessities of life.Experts say this term was first used in the 1920s,but it is believed to come from a much older game of catching a greatest pig.This was a popular event at coutry fairs in which the winner was awarded a pig.
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