只用一本书提高英语听力能力!重温经典名著双语阅读小编推荐:跟着纪录片学英语不背单词和语法,轻松学英语
返回列表 回复 发帖

[word-lover] Words and Their Stories 2009-02-22

提高英语听力能力 找对方法很重要!
——————有一个句子的语法我不太知道: Some writers believe that the phrase would soon have disappeared were it not for the American Civil War. ——————整句话的意思是:一些作家认为,这个短语可能早就已经消失了,如果它不是跟美国内战有关的话。 整个句子的主语谓语部分Some writers believe很简单,复杂的是that引导的宾语从句 the phrase would soon have disappeared were it not for the American Civil War. 这个从句是个完整的句子,用的是虚拟语气,the phrase would soon have disappeared是主语和谓语,were it not for the American Civil War是状语,表示一种虚拟的状态。这个状语用了倒装形式,其中的谓语were前置了。整个宾语从句可以改成if引导的正常语序的复合句:the phrase would soon have disappeared,if it were not for the American Civil War. 值得注意的是,在虚拟语气中,如果if引导的从句中的谓语是be动词,那么一定要用were,不论主语是单数还是复数。当谓语动词是be动词是,从句可以倒装,be动词前置,如例句。另外要注意的是,虚拟语气中if引导的从句一定要用过去时。 虚拟语气有下面几种时态: 对过去发生的事情的假设: 如例句 The phrase would soon have disappeared were it not for the American Civil War. 再如:He would have done his homework, if he did't go out playing.(这里的从句谓语不是be动词,所以不能倒装。) I would do it, if I could. 注意主句用完成时表示事情是否发生,用一般过去时表示事情是否要发生(站在过去时间的立场上)。 对现在状态的假设: The skert would look better were it pink.(OR The skert would look better, if it were pink.) 对将来的假设: The mankind would be distinct, were there a big comet hitting the earth. 注意这种情况跟一般条件状语从句的区别。下面的句子是将来时一般语气的条件状语从句: We will cancel the meeting should it rain. (OR We will cancel the meeting, if it should rain. OR We will cancel the meeting, if it rains.) 这里用should表示对将来的假设,should可以前置。 上句不是虚拟语气,只是对将来的一种假设。虚拟语气强调“虚拟”二字,即非现实发生的,当用在将来时态中时,强调的是不太可能发生的事情。而一般条件状语从句只是根据情况来决定要发生的事情。 不知道我说得清楚不?还有没什么问题?
Now, the VOA Special English program, Words and Their Stories. (MUSIC) Some of the most exciting information comes by way of the grapevine. That is so because reports received through the grapevine are supposed to be secret. The information is all hush hush. It is whispered into your ear with the understanding that you will not pass it on to others. You feel honored and excited. You are one of the special few to get this information. You cannot wait. You must quickly find other ears to pour the information into. And so, the information - secret as it is – begins to spread. Nobody knows how far. The expression by the grapevine is more than one hundred years old. The American inventor, Samuel F. Morse, is largely responsible for the birth of the expression. Among others, he experimented with the idea of telegraphy – sending messages over a wire by electricity. When Morse finally completed his telegraphic instrument, he went before Congress to show that it worked. He sent a message over a wire from Washington to Baltimore. The message was: "What hath God wrought?" This was on May twenty-fourth, eighteen forty-four. Quickly, companies began to build telegraph lines from one place to another. Men everywhere seemed to be putting up poles with strings of wire for carrying telegraphic messages. The workmanship was poor. And the wires were not put up straight. Some of the results looked strange. People said they looked like a grapevine. A large number of the telegraph lines were going in all directions, as crooked as the vines that grapes grow on. So was born the expression, by the grapevine. Some writers believe that the phrase would soon have disappeared were it not for the American Civil War. Soon after the war began in eighteen sixty-one, military commanders started to send battlefield reports by telegraph. People began hearing the phrase by the grapevine to describe false as well as true reports from the battlefield. It was like a game. Was it true? Who says so? Now, as in those far-off Civil War days, getting information by the grapevine remains something of a game. A friend brings you a bit of strange news. "No," you say, "it just can't be true! Who told you?" Comes the answer, "I got it by the grapevine." You really cannot know how much – if any – of the information that comes to you by the grapevine is true or false. Still, in the words of an old American saying, the person who keeps pulling the grapevine shakes down at least a few grapes. (MUSIC) You have been listening to the VOA Special English program, Words and Their Stories. I'm Warren Scheer.
立即获取| 免费注册领取外教体验课一节
HOMEWORK Now the VOA special English program----words and their stories. Some of the most exciting information comes by way of the grapevine. That is so because reports received through the grapevine are supposed to be secret. The information is all hush hush. It is whispered into your ear with the understanding that you will not pass it on to others. You feel honored and excited. You are one of the special few to get this information. You cannot wait; you must quickly find other ears to pour the information into. And so the information, secret as it is begins to spread. Nobody knows how far. The expression "by the grapevine" is more than 100 years old. The American S. is largely responsible for the birth of the expression. Among others he experimented with the idea of telegraphy, sending messages over a wire by electricity. When Moores finally completed his telegraphic instrument, he went before congress to show that it worked. He sent a message over a wire from Washington to B. The message was "what has god *". This was on May 24th, 1844. Quickly companies began to built telegraphy lines from one place to another. Men everywhere seem to be putting up * with stains of wire for carrying calligraphic messages. The workmanship was poor and the wires were not put up straight. Some of the results looked strange; people said they looked like a great wine. A large number of the telegraph lines were going in all directions as quicker as the wines that grapes grow on. So was born the expression "by the grapevine". Some writers believed that the phrase would soon have disappeared were it not for the American civil war. Soon after the war began in 1861 military commanders started to send battle field reports by telegraph. People began hearing the phrase "by the grapevine" to describe false as well as true reports from the battle field. It was like a game. "Was it true?" "Who says so?" Now as in those far off civil war days, getting information by the grapevine remains something of a game. A friend rings you a bit of strange news. "No", you say, "it just can't be true, who told you?" Comes the answer, "I got it by the grapevine." You really cannot know how much if any of the information that comes to you by the grapevine is true or false. Still in the words of an old American saying "the person who keeps pulling the grapevine shake down at least a few grapes". You have been listening to the VOA special English programs----words and their stories. I'm W.S.
实现无障碍英语沟通

第一次发帖啊,尽管有很多不足,还是很高兴啊

Now,the VOA Special English program ,words and their stories.some of the most exciting information comes by way of the grapevine ,that is so because reports received through the grapevine are spoused to be secret,the information is all harsh--harsh,it is wispered into your ear with their understanding that you will not pass it on to others,you feel houred and excited,you are one of special few to get this information,you can not wait ,you must quickly find other ears to pour the information into.and so ,the information secret as it is begins to spread.nobody konws how far. The expression"by the great wire"is more than 100 years old,the american inventor Samuel F. Morse is largely responsable for the birth of this expression.amoung others he experimented with the idea of telegraphy sending messages over a wire by electricity,when finally completed this telegraph instrument,he went before congress to show that it worked,he sent a message over a wire form WC to Botmore,the message was "what has god rot,this was made on 24,May,1844",quickly,companis began to build telegraph wires form one place to another,man everywhere seem to be putting a pour with strings of wire for carrying telegraph messages, the workmanship was poor and the wires were not put up straint.some of the results looked strange ,people said they look like a grapevine (*),a large number of the telegraph lines were going in all directions as cooked as the wines that grape grows on,so was borned the expression "by the grapevine ",some writers believe that the phrase would soon disappear or will it not for American civial war ,soon after the war began in 1861,mitarry comdanders started to send battle field report by telegraph.people began hearing the phrase"by the grapevine " to discriple fausle as well as ture reports form the battle field.it is like a game,was it ture ,who says so,now as in those far away civial war days,getting information by the grape wine remains something of a game,a friend bring you a bit of strange news,no, you say,it just can not be true ,who told you,comes the answer "i got it by the grape wine."you really can not konw how much if any of the information that comes to you by the grapevine is true or false,still in the words of an old American saying the person who keeps pulling the grape wine shakes down at least a few grape 继续努力
口译专员推荐—>口译训练软件IPTAM口译通

网上搜到的,有关by the grapevine,希望对大家有所帮助,呵呵

Grape,我们都知道是葡萄的意思,那“通过葡萄藤”又是什么意思呢? 假设你的朋友跟你说了一个很独家,很劲爆,很雷人的消息,你肯定会问他:“从哪儿来的啊?”这时如果他说:“By way of the grapevine.”他的意思就是说这是从秘密渠道得来的、还没有被证实的、看在我俩关系铁的份上我才告诉你你可千万不能告诉别人的秘密(hush-hush)消息。 By the grapevine,这个词组已经有了100多年的历史。1844年5月24日,美国发明家摩尔斯(Samuel F. Morse)在华盛顿和巴尔的摩之间发送了世界上第一条电报:“What hath God wrought?(上帝创造了何等的奇迹?)” 自然地,许多公司开始围绕这项新的发明开展自己的业务,到处都开始铺设电报线。不过由于技术的不成熟,消息的传递显得十分滞后和不准确,许多收报人常常会收到一些莫名其妙的消息。于是富有创意的美国人民就把这样的不靠谱的消息称为“通过葡萄藤”收到的。为什么呢?因为人们觉得许许多多的电话线朝四面八方延展开去,不就像沿着藤蔓向四周生长的葡萄一样么? By the grapevine,这个词组就这么产生了。 还有许多研究古代语法的专家认为,美国内战的爆发加速了这个词组的流传。1861年,南北战争爆发,战场上的许多消息要第一时间地被传递(兵贵神速么),于是电报就成了大家仰仗的工具。有时候在硝烟弥漫的战场上,“葡萄藤”上传来的消息仍然会让你哭笑不得:“不,这不可能是真的,哪儿得来的消息?”“I got it by the grapevine.” 注:关于发明电报的摩尔斯其人,他是又一个励志传奇的典型英雄。希望大家都能从他的故事中得到启发,继续向自己的目标前进!

on qianyoushun

now the voa special english program words and their stories.

some of the most exciting information comes by way of the grapevine.

that is so because reports received through the grapevine are supposed to be secret.the information is all hush,hush.it is whispered into your ear with the understanding that you will not pass it on to others.you feel honored and excited.you are one of the special few to get this information. you can not wait.you must quickly find other ears to pour the information into.and so the information-secret as it is-begins to spread.nobody knows how far.

the expression by the grapevine is more than 100 hundred years old.

the American inventor, Samuel F. Morse is largely responsible for the birth of the expression.among others,he experiment with the idea of telegraphy-sending messages over a wire by electricity .when Morse finally completed his telegraphic instrument,he went before Congress to show that it worked.he sent a message over a wire from Washington to Baltimore.the message was "what hath god wrought?"this was on My 24,1844.

quickly companies began to built telegraph lines from one place to another.men everywhere seemed to be put up poles with strings of wire  for carring telegraphic messages.the workmanship was poor and wires were not put up straight.some of results looked strange.people said they looked like a grapevine.

a large number of the telegraph lines were going in all directions as crooked as the vines that grapes grow on.so was born the expression ,by the grapevine.

some writers believed that the phrase would soon have disappeared were it not for the American Civil War.

soon after the war began in 1861,military commanders started to send battlefield reports by telegraph. people began hearing the phrase by the grapevine to describe false as well as true reports from the battlefield.it was like a game.was it true?who says so?

now,as in those far-off get information by the grapevine remains something of a game.a friend brings you a bit of strange news."no",you say" it just can't  be true,who told you?"comes the answer,"i got it by the by the grapevine."

you relly can not know how much-if any-of the information that comes to you by the grapevine is true or false.still,in the words of old American saying, the person who keeps pulling the grapevine shakes down at least a few grapes.

you have been listening to the voa special english words and their stories . i'm warreon scheer.

HW

Now,the VOA special English programme,words and their stories.

Some of the most exciting information comes by way of the grapevine.

That is so because reports received through the grapevine are supposed to be secret.The information is all hush hush.It is whispered into your ear with the understanding that you will not pass it on to others.

You feel honoured and excited,you are one of the special few to get this information,you can not wait,you must quickly find other ears to pour the information into,and so the information,secret as it is,begins to spread.nobody knows how far.

The expression by the grapevine is more than one hundred years old.

The American inventor, Samuel F. Morse, is largely responsible for the birth of the expression.Among others,he experimented with the idea of telegraphy,sending messages over a wire by electricity.When mores finally completed his telegraphic instrument,he went before Congress to show that it worked.He sent a message over a wire from Washington to Baltimore.The message was:what hath God wrought?this was on May 24th,1844.

Quickly,companies began to build telegraph lines from one place to another.Men everywhere seemd to be putting up poles with strings of wire for carrying telegraphic messages.The workmanship was poor and the wires were not put up straight.

Some of the results looked strange.People said they looked like a grapevine.A large number of the telegraph lines were going in all directions.As crooked as the vines that grapes grow on,so was born the expression by the grapevine.

Some writers believe that the phrase would soon have disappeared were it not for the American cival war.

Soon after the war began in 1861,military commanders started to send battlefield resports by telegraphy.People began hearing the frase by the grapevine to describe false as well as true reports from the battlefield.It was like a game,was it true,who says so.

Now,as in those far-off cival war days,getting information by the grapevine remains something of a game.A friend brings you a bit of strange news.“No”you say,“it just can not be true,who told you.”Comes the answer,I got it by the grapevine.

You really can not know how much if any of the information that comes to you by the grapevine is true or false.Still,in the words of an old American saying,the person who keeps pulling the grapevine shakes down at least a few grapes.

TRANSFORMER LA VILLE EN UN TERRAIN DE JEU
实现无障碍英语沟通

this is the VOA Special English education report.

this week,we visit four websites where students can learn about higher education in the united states.

cappex.com--c-a-p-p-e-x--matches students with colleges and universities.students create a profile about themselves and their interests.the site then suggests to 10 to 20 schools.

but Cappex president Chris Long says that there are no guarantees of admission.the site is free to students.Cappex sells advertising on the site to schools and companies.

CollegeClickTV.com has 30,000 videos of students answering questions about their schools.

i would  recommend honestly taking statistics 263 with professor Alexander.he is absolutely wonderful,the class is a  great class to take and i really enjoy it.

i choose this school because it's in the city and it's really great and the communication school is actually,i think,ranked in the top 5.

"yeah"

it varies every year but it's ranked really high and all the colleges,and you like a really great well-rounded education.And the kids really cool,you meet really fun people.

i came here because i didn't get into NYU.

schools pay collegeclicktv to come on campus. but founder and President Genn Pere says schools do not approve or reject any comments. that does not mean the site was used whatever students Glenn Pere says they must give reasons for their opinions.Zinch.com has video profiles produced by students themselves. co-founder Sid Kromenhoek says it is a place where students can show their abilities and talents.the copmany says more than 600 colleges pay to use the site to serch for students.more than 500,000 high shool students have profiles on the site.

finally ,we come to unigo.com.unigo offers college reviews,videos and othe content created by students Features include "unofficial campus tours" and "advice for dealing with the recession".oh,and of course,dating on campus.

the free site supported by ads has a team of full-time editors. the site was launched to the public last September by a start-up company led by its 26 year old founder.Jordan Goldman says the site is starting with 255 of america's top colleges and will add more.

 unigo,Zinch,college collect tv and cappex are just some of the sites for college searchs on the web.others include mycollege options ,checkmycampus and princeton review.

and that's the voa special english education report written by Nancy Steinbach.our foreign students series continues next week.the series is online at voaspecialenglish.com,i am steve ember.

普特听力大课堂

hw

now the voa special english programme,words and their stories.some of the exciting information come by the way of grapevine.that was so because reports received through the grape vine are supposed to be secret.the information is all hush hush.it is wispered into your ear with the understanding that you will not pass it on to others.you feel honored and excited,you are one of the special few to get the information.you can not wait ,you quickly find other people to pour this information into.so the information ,secret as it is ,begin to spread.nobody knows how far.the expression, by the grapevine is more than 100 years old.the american inventor,is largely responsible for the birth of this expression.among others, he experited with the idea of telegraphy,sending messege over a wire by electricity.when morse finally completed his telegrathy instrument ,he finished he went to the congress to show it is worked.he sent a message from a wire from washington to potmore???the messege was what has god rock,this was on may 24th,1844.quickly, companies to buid wires from place to another.men everywhere seemed to be putting up poles with strings of wire for carrying telegraphic messeges.the wormenship was poor,and wire was not put straight,some of the results looked strange,people saied that looked like grapevine,a number of telegraphic lines were going in all directions as ??as the vines that the grapes grow on.so was born the expression by the grapevine.some writers belived that phrase would soon disappear,??? american civil war.soon after the war began in 1861,military commanders started to send battle fiels reports by telegraph people began hearing the phrase by the gragevine to describe faulse as well as true reports from the battle fields.it was like a game, was it true ,who said so .now as in those ?far of ?civil war days,getting information by the grape vine remains something of a game .a friend ??you ??news.no ,you said ,it just can not be true ,who told you .comes the answer, i got it by the grapevine.we can not know whether the information that comes through the grapevine is true or faulse.still, in the words of old american saying the personal keeps pooling the grapevine shakes down at least a few grapes.you
好栏目推荐之美国口语俚语

Homework

 

Now, the VOA special English program: Words and their stories.

Some of the most exciting information comes by where of the great fine. That is so because we ports receive through the great fine are supports to be secret. The information is all hash hash. It is hishable into your ear with the understanding that you will not pass it on to others. You felt unload and excited, you are want of the special view to get this information. You can not wait, you must quickly find other ears to pool the information into, and so, the information secret as it is the game to sprit. Nobody knows how far the expression by the great fine is more than 100 years old. The American inventor Samula Fuels is largely resbonsable for the birth of the expression. Among others, he experiment with the idea of teragraphy sending messages over a while by electrocity. When mores finaly complete his telegram in statement, he went before congress to show that it worked. He send a message over a while from Washington to Botomore. The message was what has got locked. This was on may 24th,1844. Quickly, companies begin to build telegram lines from one place to another. Man everywhere seen to be putting a pouse with a dreams of while for carrying telegraphy messages. The work man ship was poor, and whiles were not put up to street. Some of the results looked strange. People said they looked like a greatfine. A large number of the telegraphic lines were going all directions. As quick as the fans that grips grow on. So was boon the expression by the greatfine. Some writers believed that the pheres will soon disappeared will it not for the American civial war. Soon after the war began in 1861, military commands start to send decerualy reports by telegraphy. People begin hearing the pherase by the great fine to describe faluse as well as two reports from the backfiled. It was like a game. Was it true? Who says so? Now, as in rows far of cival days, getting information by the telegram remain something of a game. A friend brings you a bit strange news, ”No!” you say, ”it just can’t be true, who told you?”. Comes the answer:”I got it by the greatfine. You really can not know how much if any of the information that comes to you by the greatfine is true or false.” Still, in the words of all American saying, the personal keeps pulling the greatfine shakes down the list of a few grips. You have been listening to the VOA special English program: Words and there stories. I’m Walling Share.

On Wallace Lan

 

Now, the VOA Special English program, Words and Their Stories.

 

Some of the most exciting information comes by way of the grapevine.

 

That is so because reports received through the grapevine are supposed to be secret. The information is all hush hush. It is whispered into your ear with the understanding that you will not pass it on to others.

 

You feel honored and excited. You are one of the special few to get this information. You cannot wait. You must quickly find other ears to pour the information into. And so, the information - secret as it is – begins to spread. Nobody knows how far.

 

The expression by the grapevine is more than one hundred years old.

The American inventor, Samuel F. Morse, is largely responsible for the birth of the expression. Among others, he experimented with the idea of telegraphy – sending messages over a wire by electricity. When Morse finally completed his telegraphic instrument, he went before Congress to show that it worked. He sent a message over a wire from Washington to Baltimore. The message was: "What hath God wrought?" This was on May twenty-fourth, eighteen forty-four.

 

Quickly, companies began to build telegraph lines from one place to another. Men everywhere seemed to be putting up poles with strings of wire for carrying telegraphic messages. The workmanship was poor. And the wires were not put up straight.

 

Some of the results looked strange. People said they looked like a grapevine. A large number of the telegraph lines were going in all directions, as crooked as the vines that grapes grow on. So was born the expression, by the grapevine.

 

Some writers believe that the phrase would soon have disappeared were it not for the American Civil War.

Soon after the war began in eighteen sixty-one, military commanders started to send battlefield reports by telegraph. People began hearing the phrase by the grapevine to describe false as well as true reports from the battlefield. It was like a game. Was it true? Who says so?

Now, as in those far-off Civil War days, getting information by the grapevine remains something of a game. A friend brings you a bit of strange news. "No," you say, "it just can't be true! Who told you?" Comes the answer, "I got it by the grapevine."

 

You really cannot know how much – if any – of the information that comes to you by the grapevine is true or false. Still, in the words of an old American saying, the person who keeps pulling the grapevine shakes down at least a few grapes.

 

You have been listening to the VOA Special English program, Words and Their Stories. I'm Warren Scheer.

 

homework:

some of the most exciting information comes by a way of grapevine, that is so because reports recevied though the grapevine are supposed to be secret.

 

  The information is all hush hush, it is whispered into your ear with the understanding that you are not passed on to others.You feel honored and excited, you are one of  special feel to get this information.You can not wait, you must quickly find other ears to pour the information into, and so the information secret as it is begins to spread. Nobaby knows how far. The expression "by the grapevine" is more than 100 years old, the American inventor SR is largely responsible for the birth of the expression.Among others he experimented with the idea of telegraph sending messages over a wire by electricity. when M finially complete telegrapy instrument he went before congress to show that it worked. He sended a message over a wire from Washington to BM, the message was /  has god /, this was on May 24th ,1844.

 

Quickly companies began to build telegraph lines from one place to another. Men everywhere seem  to be putting up pose with strength wire for carrying telegraphic messages. The workermenship was poor, and the wires were not put up the straight, some of the results looked strange,people said they looked like a grapevine. A large number of the telegraph lines were going in all directions as crooked as the wires by the grapevine growed on, so was born the expression by the grapevine. Some writers believe that the phrase would soon disappeared, were not for the American civil war , soon after the war began in 1861, min / started to send battlefield reports by telegraph, people began hearing the phrase by the grapevine to describe force as well as true reports aroud the battlefield. It was like a game: was it ture? who say so?Now as they know far of suvivial days getting information by the grapevine remind something over game a friend brings you a bit of strange news, "no" you say "it just can't be true who told you" comes the answer"I got it by the grapevine" you really can't that know how much if any of the information that comes to you by the grapevine is true or false still in the words of old American saying the person who keeps pulling the grapevine shakes down at least a few grapes

每天半小时 轻松提高英语口语

有两句有些看不懂 高手指点一下

he went before Congress to show that it worked So was bone the expression by the grapevine
on abcdefgh16
now the voa special english peogram word and their stories
Some of the most exciting information comes by way of the grapevine. That is so because reports received from the  grapevine are  supposed to be  secrets . The information is all harsh-harsh. It is  whispered  into your ear with the understanding and you  will  not pass it  on to others. You feel honored and excited. You are one of the special fill to get this information. You can not wait. You must quickly find other ears to pour the information into. And so, the information, secret as it is ,begins to spread. Nobody knows how far. The expression by the grapevine is more than 100 years old. The American inventor, Samuel  F. Morse  ,is largely responsible for the birth of  the  expression. Among others, he experimented with the idea of telegraphy. Sending messages over a wire by electricity. /When Morse finally completed his telegraphic instrument , he went for a congress to show that it worked. He sent a message over a wire from Washington to  Baltimore . The message was "what have got rocked?"This was on may 24th, 1844.Quickly, companies began to build telegraph lines from one place to another. Men everywhere seemed to be putting up posted, with strings of wire for carrying telegraph messages. The workman ship was poor, and the wires were not put up straight. Some of the result looked strange, people said they looked like a great wire. A large number of the telegraph lines  were  going in all directions. As quickly as the wires grapes grew  on .So was born the expression by the great wire. Some writers believed that the phrase would soon disappear were it not for the American civil War. Soon after the war began in 1661, military commanders started to send battlefield reports by telegraph. People began hearing the phrase by the great wire to describe force as well as two reports from the battlefield. It was like a game! Was it true? Who says so? Now as it goes, far of Civil War days, getting information by the great wires remained something of a game! A friend bring you a bit of strange news, "no! "you say, "It just can't be true! Who told you!"  Comes the answer, "I got it by the great wires."You really cannot know how much if any of the information that comes to you by the great wire is true or false. Still, in the word of an old American saying, "the person keeps pouring the great wires shakes down at least a few grapes. "
You have been listening to the VOA Special English program, Words and Their Stories. I'm Warren Scheer.
 
 
口译专员推荐—>口译训练软件IPTAM口译通

HW

Some of the most exciting information comes by way of the grapevine.
 
That is so because reports received through the grapevine are supposed to be secret. The information is all hush hush. It is whispered into your ear with the understanding that you will not pass it on to others.
 
You feel honored and excited. You are one of the special few to get this information. You cannot wait. You must quickly find other ears to pour the information into. And so, the information - secret as it is – begins to spread. Nobody knows how far.
 
The expression by the grapevine is more than one hundred years old.
 
The American inventor, Samuel F. Morse, is largely responsible for the birth of the expression. Among others, he experimented with the idea of telegraphy – sending messages over a wire by electricity. When Morse finally completed his telegraphic instrument, he went before Congress to show that it worked. He sent a message over a wire from Washington to Baltimore. The message was: "What hath God wrought?" This was on May twenty-fourth, eighteen forty-four.
 
Quickly, companies began to build telegraph lines from one place to another. Men everywhere seemed to be putting up poles with strings of wire for carrying telegraphic messages. The workmanship was poor. And the wires were not put up straight.
 
Some of the results looked strange. People said they looked like a grapevine. A large number of the telegraph lines were going in all directions, as crooked as the vines that grapes grow on. So was born the expression, by the grapevine.
 
Some writers believe that the phrase would soon have disappeared were it not for the American Civil War.
 
Soon after the war began in eighteen sixty-one, military commanders started to send battlefield reports by telegraph. People began hearing the phrase by the grapevine to describe false as well as true reports from the battlefield. It was like a game. Was it true? Who says so?
 
Now, as in those far-off Civil War days, getting information by the grapevine remains something of a game. A friend brings you a bit of strange news. "No," you say, "it just can't be true! Who told you?" Comes the answer, "I got it by the grapevine."
 
You really cannot know how much – if any – of the information that comes to you by the grapevine is true or false. Still, in the words of an old American saying, the person who keeps pulling the grapevine shakes down at least a few grapes.
返回列表