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[探索发现] 【整理】2009-03-25 血腥玛丽-1

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[探索发现] 【整理】2009-03-25 血腥玛丽-1

Bloody Mary


玛丽一世(1553~1558在位)成长于欧洲宗教改革的汹涌大潮之中,其时英国也成为天主教和新教进行殊死搏杀的场所。她的母亲凯瑟琳是一位笃信天主教的西班牙公主,而她的父亲亨利八世为了达到与她母亲离婚的目的,不惜背叛天主教,与罗马教皇决裂,并在国内扶持新教,迫害天主教徒。也许由于上述的成长...





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【整理】   血腥玛丽-1                        by sylvia_qian   lurker2006           感谢 fiona      苍蝇

 

Mary Tudor was the most hated queen in British history. During her 5-year reign, she threw all England into chaos. Mary beheaded traitors, murdered heretics and had pregnant women burned to death in the name of her religious fanaticism. The entire nation lived in fear.

 

Make no mistake about it, the burning of somebody at the stake is a very nasty business. It takes a long time to die. The smell of human burning fat would have been overpowering.

 

There were nearly 300 burnt in about 3 and half years in Mary's reign, which was actually more than the Spanish Inquisition and the French Chambre Ardente put together in the same period.

 

Thousands fled into hiding, and the streets of English cities were polluted with the putrid smell of burning flesh. She created such terror that she is known as Bloody Mary.

 

Mary Tudor was born in Greenwich in 1516. She was the only surviving child of King Henry VIII and his first wife, Catherine of Aragon.

 

The reaction to Mary's birth is one of happiness but very muted happiness really, people were not cheered up by the fact that the child that was born and lived was a daughter. Henry wanted a son to succeed him. And Mary’s arrival was seen as a second rate birth. After several miscarriages and 5 dead children, Mary’s mother Catherine of Aragon went through the menopause. Henry knew that she could never provide him with the male heir he so desperately wanted.

 

Henry realized that there would be no son and began asking, "well, why?" And his answer was, "well, God doesn't want me to have a son, because my marriage is wrong, my marriage doesn't exist."

 

England was a Catholic country, but the pope would not allow Henry to annul his marriage.  Henry broke from Rome and declared himself the supreme head of the new Church of England.

 

In January 1533, after learning that one of his courtiers Ann Boleyn was pregnant, Henry secretly married her to avoid the risk of having a bastard son. But Ann gave birth to a girl--Mary's stepsister Elizabeth.

 

words:

 

fanaticism    Fanaticism is fanatical behaviour or the quality of being fanatical.
                  =extremism

            

putrid         Something that is putrid has decayed and smells very unpleasant. =rotten

 

menopause   The menopause is the time during which a woman gradually stops menstruating, usually when she is about fifty years old.

 

courtier        Courtiers were noblemen and women who spent a lot of time at the court of  a king or queen.

 

bastard        A bastard is a person whose parents were not married to each other at the time that he or she was born. This use could cause offence.

 

Chambre Ardente       the term for an extraordinary court of justice in France, mainly held for the trials of heretics.

[ 本帖最后由 lurker2006 于 2009-3-27 09:32 编辑 ]

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home work

 

 

 

Mary Juda was the most hated queen in British history. During her 5-year reign , she threw old England into caves. Mary beheaded traitors, murdered Hererotics and have pregnant woman burned to death, in the name of her religeous felatris. The entire nation lived in fear .

 

Murderer should think about it, the burnting of something it takes is very noisy business and it takes a long time to die.The smell of human burning fat would be overpowered.

 

There were nearly 300 burnting in about 3 and half years in Mary's reign. What's exactly more, those Spanish inquisition and French ?? are don't put together in the same period.

 

Thousands fled into hiding, and the streets of English cities were polluted with the putrid smell of burning flesh. She created such terror that she is known as bloody Mary.

 

Mary Jude was born in Greenwich in 1516. She was the only surviving child of king Hunery VIII and his first wife, Catherine Avarica.

 

The reaction to Mary's birth is one of happiness but very muted happiness really people would not cheer up by the fact that the child was born and lift was a daughter. Hunery wanted a son to succeed him. And Mary 's arrival was seen as the second right birth. After several miscarriages of 5 dead children, Mary 's mother Catherine Avarica went through the menopause.

 

Hunery knew that she would never provide him with the heir he was so desperately want.

 

Hunery realised that there would be no son and begin asking,"well, why?".  And his answer was "Well, God doesn't want me have a son,because my marriage is wrong, my marriage doesn't exist."

 

England was a Catholic country, but the pope would not allow Hunery's without his marriage.  Hunery broke from Rome and declared himself the superim head of a new church in England.

In January 1533, after learning that one of his courtess Ann Burlin was pregnant, Hunery secretly married her to avoid the risk of having birth of a son. But Ann gave birth to a girl, Mary steps as Elizabeth.

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  • lurker2006

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on 源源1022

Mary Tudor was the most hated queen in British history. During her 5-year reign , she threw old England into chaos. Mary beheaded traitors, murdered Hererotics and have pregnant woman burned to death, in the name of her religeous felatris. The entire nation lived in fear .

 

Murderer should think about it, the burning of something it takes is very noisy business and it takes a long time to die.The smell of human burning fat would be overpowered.

 

There were nearly 300 burning in about 3 and half years in Mary's reign. What's exactly more, those Spanish inquisition and French Champgne odor were put together in the same period.

 

Thousands fled into hiding, and the streets of English cities were polluted with the putrid smell of burning flesh. She created such terror that she is known as bloody Mary.

 

Mary Tudor was born in Greenwich in 1516. She was the only surviving child of king Hunery VIII and his first wife, Catherine of Aragon.

 

The reaction to Mary's birth is one of happiness but very muted happiness,really people would not cheer up by the fact that the child was born and lived was a daughter. Hunery wanted a son to succeed him. And Mary 's arrival was seen as the second rate birth. After several miscarriages of 5 dead children, Mary 's mother Catherine Avarica went through the menopause.

 

Hunery knew that she would never provide him with the male heir he  so desperately want.

 

Hunery realised that there would be no son and begin asking,"well, why?".  And his answer was "Well, God doesn't want me to have a son,because my marriage is wrong, my marriage doesn't exist."

 

England was a Catholic country, but the pope would not allow Hunery's without his marriage.  Hunery broke from Rome and declared himself the supreme head of a new church in England.

In January 1533, after learning that one of his courtess Ann Burlin was pregnant, Hunery secretly married her to avoid the risk of having birth of a son. But Ann gave birth to a girl, Mary steps as Elizabeth.

1

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实现无障碍英语沟通

Homework

请用verdana 3号字, homework无需加粗, 另外注意分段

 

Mary Tudor was the most hated queen in British history. During her five year reign, she threw all England into chaos.Mary behated traitors,murdered heretics and had pregnant women burn to death in the name of religious fanaticism. The entire nation lived in fear. "Mary sticked about it. The burning or something stake lost very business(/). it takes a long time to gone. The smell of human burning fat will be over town." "there were nearly hundred of burnt in half year in Mary's reign. which was actually more than the Spanish anquisition on the French Shawn Brown down put together in the same period. " Thousands fledding to hiding, and the streets of English city were polluted with the putrid smell of burning flesh. She created such terror that she is known as Blood Mary. Mary Tudor was born in ... in 1516. She was the only surviving child of Henry VIII and his first wife Catherine of Aragon."the reaction to Mary's birth is one of happiness but amutted happniess really. people would not cheer up by the fact that the child born alived was a daughter. " Henry wanted a son to succeeding and Mary's arrival was seen as the second rebirth. After seveal miscarriages and 5 dead children, Mary's mother, Catherine of Aragon, went through menopause. Henry knew the cheek could never provide him a male heir he seek desperately he wanted. "Henry realized he would have no son and began asking why. His answer was god does not want him have a son, because the marriage is wrong. the marriage does not exist. " England was a Catholic country, but the pope would not allow Henry reown his marriage, Henry broke from Rome and declared himself as the superine head of the new church of England. In January 1533, after he learnt that one of his concubine Anne was pregnant, Henry secretly married her to avoid the risk of having a ... son. but Anne gave birth to a girl. Mary's step ....

[ 本帖最后由 lurker2006 于 2009-3-25 12:03 编辑 ]
口译专员推荐—>口译训练软件IPTAM口译通

on misslinda

Mary Tudor was the most hated queen in British history. During her 5-year reign, she threw old England into chaos. Mary beheaded traitors, murdered Heretics and had pregnant women burned to death, in the name of her religious pholefasism. The entire nation lived in fear.

 

Murderer was staked about it, the burning of somebody to stake is a very nasty business. It takes a long time to die. The smell of human burning fat would be overpowered.

 

There were nearly 300 burns in about 3 and half years in Mary's reign, which was exactly more, those Spanish inquisition and the French Champgne odor /were/ put together in the same period.

 

Thousands fled into hiding, and the streets of English cities were polluted with the putrid smell of burning flesh. She created such terror that she is known as bloody Mary.

 

Mary Tudor was born in Greenwich in 1516. She was the only surviving child of King Henry VIII and his first wife, Catherine of Aragon.

 

The reaction to Mary's birth is one of happiness but very muted happiness, really people would not cheer up by the fact that the child was born and lived was a daughter. Henry wanted a son to succeed him. And Mary’s arrival was seen as a second rate birth. After several miscarriages in 5 dead children, Mary’s mother Catherine Aragon went through the menopause.

 

Henry knew that she could never provide him with the male heir he so desperately wanted.

 

Henry realised that there would be no son and began asking,"well, why?".  And his answer was "Well, God doesn't want me to have a son, because my marriage is wrong, my marriage doesn't exist."

 

England was a Catholic country, but the pope would not allow Henry to renown his marriage.  Henry broke from Rome and declared himself the supreme head of the new church of England.

In January 1533, after learning that one of his courtiers Ann Burlin was pregnant, Henry secretly married her to avoid the risk of having a birth of a son. But Ann gave birth to a girl, Mary steps as Elizabeth.

 

1

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  • lurker2006

homework

请注明Homework

 

Mary Tudor was the most hated queen in British history. During her five-year reign, she threw all England into chaos. Mary beheaded traitors, murdered heretics, and had pregnant women burn to death, in the name of her religious fanaticism. The entire nation lived in fears.

“Man can never think about it. The burning of somebody in stake is a very nasty business, it takes a long time to die. The smell of human burning fat would be overpowered.

“There were nearly 300 burnt in about three and a half year in Mary’s reign, which was actually more than the Spanish Acquisition and the French Champ A Dan put together in the same period.”

Thousands fled into hiding, and the streets of English cities were polluted with the putrid smell of burning flesh. She created such terror that she’s known as “Bloody Mary”.

Mary Tudor was born in Greenwich in1516. She was the only surviving child of King Henry and his first wife Catherine of Aragon. “the reaction to Mary’s birth is one of happiness but very muted happiness, really, people were not cheered up by the fact that the child was born and lived was daughter.”

Henry wanted a son to succeed him, and Mary’s arrival was seen as a second rebirth. After several miscarriages and five dead children, Mary’s mother, Catherine of Aragon went through the menopause. Henry knew that she could never provide him with a male heir he so desperately wanted.

“Henry realized that there would be no son and began asking “Well, why?” And his answer was “well, God doesn’t want me to have a son, and because my marriage is wrong, my marriage doesn’t exist.”

England was a Catholic country, but the Pope would not allow Henry to annul his marriage. Henry broke from Rome, and declared himself the Supreme Head of the new church of England. in January 1531, after learning that on of his courtiers Anne Boleyn was pregnant, Henry secretly married her, to avoid having a bastard’s son. But Anne gave birth to a girl, Mary’s step sister Elizabeth.

[ 本帖最后由 lurker2006 于 2009-3-25 11:59 编辑 ]

home work

Mary Tudor was the most hated queen in British history. During her five-year reign, she threw all England into chaos. Mary beheaded traitors, murdered heretics, and had pregnant women burn to death, in the name of her religious fanaticism. The entire nation lived in fears.

“Man can never think about it. The burning of somebody in stake is a very nasty business, it takes a long time to die. The smell of human burning fat would be overpowered.

“There were nearly 300 burnt in about three and a half year in Mary’s reign, which was actually more than the Spanish Acquisition and the French Champ A Dan put together in the same period.”

Thousands fled into hiding, and the streets of English cities were polluted with the putrid smell of burning flesh. She created such terror that she’s known as “Bloody Mary”.

Mary Tudor was born in Greenwich in1516. She was the only surviving child of King Henry and his first wife Catherine of Aragon. “the reaction to Mary’s birth is one of happiness but very muted happiness, really, people were not cheered up by the fact that the child was born and lived was daughter.”

Henry wanted a son to succeed him, and Mary’s arrival was seen as a second rebirth. After several miscarriages and five dead children, Mary’s mother, Catherine of Aragon went through the menopause. Henry knew that she could never provide him with a male heir he so desperately wanted.

“Henry realized that there would be no son and began asking “Well, why?” And his answer was “well, God doesn’t want me to have a son, and because my marriage is wrong, my marriage doesn’t exist.”

England was a Catholic country, but the Pope would not allow Henry to annul his marriage. Henry broke from Rome, and declared himself the Supreme Head of the new church of England. in January 1531, after learning that on of his courtiers Anne Boleyn was pregnant, Henry secretly married her, to avoid having a bastard’s son. But Anne gave birth to a girl, Mary’s step sister Elizabeth.

[ 本帖最后由 lurker2006 于 2009-3-25 12:00 编辑 ]
实现无障碍英语沟通

on 1047440431

on 1047440431

Mary Tudor was the most hated queen in British history. During her 5-year reign, she threw old England into chaos. Mary beheaded traitors, murdered heretics and had pregnant women burned to death, in the name of her religious fanaticism. The entire nation lived in fear.

 

Murderer was staked about it, the burning of somebody to stake is a very nasty business. It takes a long time to die. The smell of human burning fat would be overpowered.

 

There were nearly 300 burns in about 3 and half years in Mary's reign, which was exactly more, those Spanish inquisition and the French Champion put together in the same period.

 

Thousands fled into hiding, and the streets of English cities were polluted with the putrid smell of burning flesh. She created such terror that she is known as bloody Mary.

 

Mary Tudor was born in Greenwich in 1516. She was the only surviving child of King Henry VIII and his first wife, Catherine of Aragon.

 

The reaction to Mary's birth is one of happiness but very muted happiness, really people would not cheer up by the fact that the child was born and lived was a daughter. Henry wanted a son to succeed him. And Mary’s arrival was seen as  second rebirth. After several miscarriages in 5 dead children, Mary’s mother Catherine Aragon went through the menopause.

 

Henry knew that she could never provide him with the male heir he so desperately wanted.

 

Henry realised that there would be no son and began asking,"well, why?".  And his answer was "Well, God doesn't want me to have a son, because my marriage is wrong, my marriage doesn't exist."

 

England was a Catholic country, but the pope would not allow Henry to annul his marriage.  Henry broke from Rome and declared himself the supreme head of the new church of England.

In January 1533, after learning that one of his courtiers Ann Burlin was pregnant, Henry secretly married her to avoid the risk of having a birth of a son. But Ann gave birth to a girl, Mary's stepsister Elizabeth.

 

1

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普特听力大课堂

homework

  Mary Tudor was the most hated queen in British history. During her five-year reign, she threw all England into chaos.

 

  Mary beheaded traitors, murdered heretics, and had pregnant women burnt to death. In the name of her religious narcissism. The entire nation lived in fear.

 

  Murderers should think about it, burning somebody in the stake is a very nasty business. It takes long time to die. The smell of human burning fat would be overpowering.

 

   There were about 300 burnt in 3.5 years in Mary’s reign which was actually more than the Spanish Inquisition and French S*** put together in the same period.

 

  Thousand fled into hiding and the streets of English cities was polluted with putrid smell of burning flesh. She created such a terror that she was known as the “Bloody Mary”.

 

  Mary Tudor was born in Greenwich, in 1516. She was the only surviving child of the King Hunery VIII and his first wife Catherine Avaroca.

 

  The reaction of Mary’s birth is one happiness but very muted happiness really. People were not cheer up by the fact that the child was born and lived was a daughter. Hunery wanted a son to succeed him, and Mary’s arrival was seen as the second rate birth.

 

  After several miscarriages of 5 dead children, Mary’s mother Catherin Avaroca went through the menopause. Hunery knew she would never provide him with a male heir he was so desperately wanted.

 

  Hunery realized that there would be no son and began asking why, and his answer was: “Well, God doesn’t want me to have a son and because my marriage is wrong. My marriage doesn’t exist. ”

 

  England was a Catholic country, but the Pope wouldn’t allow Hunery to renounce his marriage. Hunery broke from Rome and declared himself a supreme head of a new church of England.

 

  In January 1533, after learning that one of his courtiers Amberlin was pregnant, Hunery secretly married her to avoid the risk of having a bastard son. But Ann gave birth to a girl. Mary’s step sister Elizabeth.

[ 本帖最后由 dorothydeng 于 2009-3-25 16:18 编辑 ]
好栏目推荐之美国口语俚语

Bloody Mary 1
Home Wrok

 

Mary Tudor was the most hated Queen and British history. During her five-year reign, she threw all England into chaos. Mary beheaded traitors, murdered heretics and had pregnant women burned to death in the name of her religious fanaticism. The entire nation live in fear.

 

Murder was take about it, the burning of somebody to stake is a very / business. It takes a long time to die, The smell of human burning fat would be overpowered.

 

There were nearly 300 burns in about 3 and half years in Mary's reign, which was actually more, those Spanish inquisition and French / / put together in the same period.

 

Thousands fled into hiding and the streets of English cities were polluted with the putrid smell of burning flesh. She created such terror that she is known as bloody Mary.

 

Mary Tudor was born in Greenwich in 1516. She was the only surviving child of King Henry / and his first wife, Catherine Aragon.

The reaction to Mary's birth is one of happiness but very muted happiness really. People would not cheer up by the fact that the child was born and lived was a daughter. Henry wanted a son to succeed him. And Mary's arrival was seen as a second rebirth. After several miscarriages in 5 dead children, Mary's mother Catherine Aragon went through the menopause.

 

Henry knew she could never provide him with a male heir he so desperately wanted. Henry realized that there would be no son and began asking,"well, why?". And his answer was "Well, god doesn't want me have a son. And because my marriage is wrong, my marriage doesn't exist."

 

England was a Catholic country, but the Pope would not allow Henry / his marriage. Henry broke from Rome and declared himself the supreme head of the church of England.

 

In January 1533, after learning that one of his courtiers Ann Burlin was pregnant, Henry secretly married her to avoid the risk having a birth of a son. But Ann gave birth to a girl, Mary's stepsister Elizabeth.

 

homework

 

Mary Tudor was the most hated queen in British history. During her 5-year reign, she threw old England into chaos. Mary beheaded traitors, murdered heretics and had pregnant women burned to death, in the name of her religious fanaticism. The entire nation lived in fearless.

 

 

Murderer was staked about it, the burning of somebody to stake is a very nasty business. It takes a long time to die. The smell of human burning fat would be overpowered.

 

There were nearly 300 burns in about 3 and half years in Mary's reign, which was exactly more, those Spanish inquisition and the French Champion put together in the same period.

 

Thousands fled into hiding, and the streets of English cities were polluted with the putrid smell of burning flesh. She created such terror that she is known as bloody Mary.

 

Mary Tudor was born in Greenwich in 1516. She was the only surviving child of King Henry VIII and his first wife, Catherine of Aragon.

 

The reaction to Mary's birth is one of happiness but very muted happiness, really , people would not cheer up by the fact that the child was born and lived was a daughter. Henry wanted a son to succeed him. And Mary’s arrival was seen as second rebirth. After several miscarriages in 5 dead children, Mary’s mother Catherine Aragon went through the menopause.

 

Henry knew that she could never provide him with the male heir he so desperately wanted.

 

Henry realised that there would be no son and began asking,"well, why?". And his answer was "Well, God doesn't want me to have a son, because my marriage is wrong, my marriage doesn't exist."

 

England was a Catholic country, but the pope would not allow Henry to annul his marriage. Henry broke from Rome and declared himself the supreme head of the new church of England. In January 1533, after learning that one of his courtiers Ann Burlin was pregnant, Henry secretly married her to avoid the risk of having a birth of a son. But Ann gave birth to a girl, Mary's stepsister Elizabeth.

[ 本帖最后由 veraisme 于 2009-3-25 20:01 编辑 ]
To err is human , to forgive is divine.

on 彩虹冰砂

Mary Tudor was the most hated queen in British history. During her 5-year reign, she threw all England into chaos. Mary beheaded traitors,murdered heretics and had pregnant women burned to death, in the name of her religious fanaticism. The entire nation lived in fear.

 

Murderer was staked about it, the burning of somebody to stake is a very nasty business. It takes a long time to die. The smell of human burning fat would be overpowered.

 

There were nearly 300 burns in about 3 and half years in Mary's reign, which was acually more than the Spanish inquisition and the French Champion put together in the same period.

 

Thousands fled into hiding, and the streets of English cities were polluted with the putrid smell of burning flesh. She created such terror that she is known as bloody Mary.

 

Mary Tudor was born in Greenwich in 1516. She was the only surviving child of King Henry VIII and his first wife, Catherine of Aragon.

 

The reaction to Mary's birth is one of happiness but very muted happiness, really people were not cheered up by the fact that the child was born and lived was a daughter. Henry wanted a son to succeed him. And Mary’s arrival was seen as a second rate birth. After several miscarriages in 5 dead children, Mary’s mother Catherine of Aragon went through the menopause.

 

Henry knew that she could never provide him with the male heir he so desperately wanted.

 

Henry realised that there would be no son and began asking,"well, why?".  And his answer was "Well, God doesn't want me to have a son, because my marriage is wrong, my marriage doesn't exist."

 

England was a Catholic country, but the pope would not allow Henry to annul his marriage.  Henry broke from Rome and declared himself the supreme head of the new church of England.

In January 1533, after learning that one of his courtiers Ann Berlin was pregnant, Henry secretly married her to avoid the risk of having bastard son. But Ann gave birth to a girl, Mary's stepsister Elizabeth.

 

1

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自信源于内心的强大

I can't imagine it any other way. A world without you is only wasted space.
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回复 12# 的帖子

French 那一小段应该是法语,发音好像是 French Chambra odon, 请哪位高人指点一下,感谢!

Homework

The most evil woman in history—bloody Mary Mary was the most heated queen in Britain history. During her five year rein, she threw all England into chaos. Mary beheaded traitors, murdered ? and had pregnant women burnt to death in the main of her fanatic ? The entire nation lived in fear. Mary never staked about it, burning or something is really nasty business long time to die. The smell of human burning fat ? There were nearly three hundred burnings during the three and half years ? Put together in this period thousands fled to hiding the streets of English cities were polluted with the ? smell of burning flesh. She created such terror that she’ s known as bloody Mary. Mary was born in ?1516. she was the only surviving child of king Henry the eighth and his first wife Katherine. The reaction to Mary’ s birth is one of happiness but very muted happiness only. People were not cheered up by the fact that was lift was a daughter. Henry wanted a son to succeed him and Mary’s arrival was seen as second birth after six miscarriages and missed 5 children, Mary’s mother went to the ? Henry knew he could never a son though he desperately want. Henry realized that would be no son and began asking well, why his answer was well, God doesn’t want me to have a son. My marriage is wrong, marriage doesnot exist . England is a catholic county. But the pope would not allow Henry to null his marriage. Henry broke from Rome and himself the supream heand of a new church in England . In January 16 a ? Henry secretly married her to avoid the risk to have a bustard son. But Ann gave birth to a girl. Mary’s step sister Elizabeth.
临渊羡鱼,不如退而结网
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on sophiaxd

Mary Tudor was the most hated queen in British history. During her 5-year reign, she threw all England into chaos. Mary beheaded traitors, murdered heretics and had pregnant women burned to death in the name of her religious fanaticism. The entire nation lived in fear.

 

Murderer was stake about it, the burning of somebody at the stake is a very nasty business. It takes a long time to die. The smell of human burning fat would have been overpowered.

 

There were nearly 300 burnt in about 3 and half years in Mary's reign, which was actually more than the Spanish Inquisition and the French Champion * put together in the same period.

 

Thousands fled into hiding, and the streets of English cities were polluted with the putrid smell of burning flesh. She created such terror that she is known as Bloody Mary.

 

Mary Tudor was born in Greenwich in 1516. She was the only surviving child of King Henry VIII and his first wife, Catherine of Aragon.

 

The reaction to Mary's birth is one of happiness but very muted happiness really, people were not cheered up by the fact that the child that was born and lived was a daughter. Henry wanted a son to succeed him. And Mary’s arrival was seen as a second rate birth. After several miscarriages and 5 dead children, Mary’s mother Catherine of Aragon went through the menopause. Henry knew that she could never provide him with the male heir he so desperately wanted.

 

Henry realized that there would be no son and began asking, "well, why?" And his answer was, "well, God doesn't want me to have a son, because my marriage is wrong, my marriage doesn't exist."

 

England was a Catholic country, but the pope would not allow Henry to annul his marriage.  Henry broke from Rome and declared himself the supreme head of the new church of England.

In January 1533, after learning that one of his courtesans Ann Boleyn was pregnant, Henry secretly married her to avoid the risk of having a bastard son. But Ann gave birth to a girl--Mary's stepsister Elizabeth.

 

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