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[探索发现] 【整理】2009-03-25 血腥玛丽-1

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Homework

The most evil woman in history Mary Tudor was the most hated queen in British history. During her 5-year reign, she threw all England into chaos. Mary beheaded traitors, murdered heretics and had pregnant women burnt to death in the name of her religious fanaticism. The entire nation lived in fear. She made mistake about it. The burning of some mistakes is a very Gnostic business. It takes a very long time to die. The smell of human burning fat would have been overpowered. There were nearly 300 burns in that three and a half year in Mary’s reign, which was actually more than the Spanish acquisition and the French put together in the same period. Thousands fled in to Hyden and the streets of English cities were polluted by the puffer smell of burning flesh. She created such terror that she’s known as Bloody Mary. Mary Tudor was born in Greenwich in 1516. She was the only surviving child of King Henry 8th and his first wife Catherine of Aragon. The reaction to Mary’s birth was one of happiness but very muted happiness really. People would not cheer up by the fact that was born and lived was a daughter. Henry wanted a son to succeed him and Mary’s arrival was seen as a second-rate birth. After several miscarriages and five dead children, Mary’s mother, Catherine of Aragon went through the menopause(停经,更年期). Henry knew that she could never provide him with a male heir he so desperately wanted. Henry realized that there would be no son and began asking “Well, why?” And his answer was, “Well, God doesn’t want me to have a son because my marriage is wrong. My marriage doesn’t exist.” England was a Catholic country but the pope would not allow Henry to annul(取消(命令), 废除, 注销; 废止(契约、法律等); 取消(婚姻等); 宣告作废) his marriage. Henry broke from Rome and claimed himself the supreme head of the new Church of England. In January 1533, after learning that one of his courtiers Anne Boleyn was pregnant, Henry secretly married her to avoid the risk of having a buster son, but Anne gave birth to a girl, Mary’s stepsister Elizabeth

 

Make no mistake about it[毫无疑问的是], the burning of somebody at the stake is a very nasty business. It takes a long time to die. The smell of human burning fat would have been overpowering.

 

那个French后面应该是个啥法文吧 或是某个历史事件or 历史时间?先去睡了 有空再查~

 


 

 

 

 

 

[ Last edited by fionainnicemood at 2009-3-27 01:10 ]
2

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  • sylvia_qian

  • lurker2006

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那个法语词是Chambre Ardente
另外Church of England应该大写
1

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  • lurker2006

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homework

Mary Tudor was the most hated Queen in British history.During her five-year reign, she threw all england into chaos. Mary beheaded traitors, murdered heretics and had the pregnant women burned to death in the name of her religious *. The entire nation lived in fearing. Make no mistake about it, the buring of some state is very natsy business, because it takes long time to die, the smell of human buring fat would be overpower. There were nearly 300 buring in Jim Barthery in Mary's way, which is actually more than the French ***. Thousands fled into hiding, and straights of the english cities were polluted with the purified smell of the buring flesh. She created such terror that she is known as Bloody Mary. Mary Tudor was born in Gratigo, in 1516. She was the only survived child of King Henry the eighth and his first wife Catherine of Aragon. The reaction of Mary's birth is one of hapiness, but very mutually hapiness,really. People would not cheer up by the fact that the child born to live was a daughter. Henry wanted a son to succeed, and Mary's arrival was seen the second rate birth. After several miscarriages and 5 died children, Mary's mother Catherine of Aragon went to the minimals. Henry knew **,so he would desperatedly want to. Henry realized that there would be no son and began asking, well,why? And his answer was well, God doesn't want me to have a son, because my marriage was wrong, my marriage doesn't exist. England was a catholic country, but the Pope would not allow Henry to *his marriage. Henry brought from the room and declare himself as the new church of England in Janaury, 1533. After hearing one of his courtiers Annberlan Lin was pregant, Henry secretedly married her to avoid having a bustle son, but Ann give birth to a girl, Mary's step-siste—Elithebeth. [ 本帖最后由 mayamilan 于 2009-3-27 10:21 编辑 ]
口译专员推荐—>口译训练软件IPTAM口译通

听上去觉得是in the main of her religious fanaticism

 

这里应该是name没错,虽然听起来像main

[ 本帖最后由 lurker2006 于 2009-3-27 15:48 编辑 ]

HW

很久没来听写了

Mary Tudor was the most hated queen in British history. During her 5-year-reign, she threw all England into chaos. Mary beheaded traitors, murdered heretics and had pregnant women burned to death in the name of her religious fanaticism. The entire nation lived in fear.

 

Make no mistake about it, the burning of somebody at the stake is a very nasty business. It takes a long time to die. The smell of human burning fat would have been overpowering.

 

There were nearly 300 burnt in about 3 and half years in Mary's reign, which was actually more than the Spanish Inquisition and the French Chambre Ardente put together in the same period.

 

Thousands fled into hiding, and the streets of English cities were polluted with the putrid smell of burning flesh. She created such terror that she is known as Bloody Mary.

 

Mary Tudor was born in Greenwich in 1516. She was the only surviving child of King Henry VIII and his first wife, Catherine of Aragon.

The reaction to Mary's birth is one of happiness but very muted happiness really, people were not cheered up by the fact that the child that was born and lived was a daughter. Henry wanted a son to succeed him. And Mary's arrival was seen as a second rate birth. After several miscarriages and five dead children, Mary's mother Catherine of Aragon went through the menopause. Henry knew that she could never provide him with the male heir he so desperately wanted. Henry realized that there would be no son, and began asking "well, why? " and his answer was, "well, God doesn't want me to have son, because my marriage is wrong, my marriage doesn't exist. "

 

England was a Catholic country, but the Pope would not allow Henry to annul his marriage. Henry broke from Rome and declared himself the supreme head of the new Church of England. In January 1533, after learning that one of his courtiers Ann Boleyn was pregnant, Henry secretly married her to avoid the risk of having a bastard son. But Ann gave birth to a girl--Mary's stepsister Elizabeth. 

homework

血腥玛丽-1                      

     Mary Tudor was the most hated queen in British history. During her 5-year reign, she threw all

England into chaos. Mary beheaded traitors, murdered heretics and had pregnant women burned to

death in the name of her religious fanaticism. The entire nation lived in fear.
      Make no mistake about it, the burning of somebody at the stake is a very nasty business. It takes a

long time to die. The smell of human burning fat would have been overpowering.
     There were nearly 300 burnt in about 3 and half years in Mary's reign, which was actually more

than the Spanish Inquisition and the French Chambre Ardente put together in the same period.     

Thousands fled into hiding, and the streets of English cities were polluted with the putrid smell of

burning flesh. She created such terror that she is known as Bloody Mary.
      Mary Tudor was born in Greenwich in 1516. She was the only surviving child of King Henry VIII

and his first wife, Catherine of Aragon. The reaction to Mary's birth is one of happiness but very uted

happiness really, people were not cheered up by the fact that the child that was born and lived was a

daughter.
       Henry wanted a son to succeed him. And Mary’s arrival was seen as a second rate birth. after

several miscarriages and 5 dead children, Mary’s mother Catherine of Aragon went rough the opause. 

     Henry knew that she could never provide him with the male heir he so desperately wanted.
    Henry realized that there would be no son and began asking, "well, why?" And his answer was,

"well, God doesn't want me to have a son, because my marriage is wrong, my marriage doesn't exist."
    England was a Catholic country, but the pope would not allow Henry to annul his marriage.  Henry

broke from Rome and declared himself the supreme head of the new Church of England.In January

1533, after learning that one of his courtiers Ann Boleyn was pregnant, Henry secretly married her to

avoid the risk of having a bastard son. But Ann gave birth to a girl--Mary's stepsister Elizabeth.

words:
fanaticism    Fanaticism is fanatical behaviour or the quality of being fanatical.
                  =extremism
putrid         Something that is putrid has decayed and smells very unpleasant. =rotten
menopause   The menopause is the time during which a woman gradually stops menstruating, usually 

                  when she is about fifty  years old.
courtier        Courtiers were noblemen and women who spent a lot of time at the court of  a king or      

            queen.
bastard        A bastard is a person whose parents were not married to each other at the time that he or   

                 she was born. This   use could cause offence.
Chambre Ardente       the term for an extraordinary court of justice in France, mainly held for the        

                           trials of heretics.

【整理】 血腥玛丽-2                    

      Four months later, his Archbishop of Canterbury, Thomas Cranmer declared Henry's marriage to

Catherine null and absolutely void and pronounced his marriage to Ann good and lawful.
    Mary was 17 years old.
    Therefore, Mary was illegitimate. Suddenly this child who's been treated like the most special girl

around is told that she has to say from now on she is a bastard.
    Like her mother, Mary refused to accept this decree. The bond between mother and daughter

became stronger.
     They were totally dedicated to the traditional form of Catholicism that Henry had abolished.Right

at the center of Mary's life was a drama, it's called the mass. It's a drama of light and color and Latin

and music, and at the heart of it you make God on a table out of bread and wine, and for Mary that

was absolutely central.
        When Catherine's health began to deteriorate, Mary was banished from her room. Catherine died

in 1536 without ever seeing her daughter again. Mary finally signed her father's active succession in

the same year, but she didn't hide her hatred of Ann Boleyn.
     I think Mary is pushed aside by Ann Boleyn; there is no doubt about that. She would have regarded

as her mother regarded Ann Boleyn as what the Spanish ambassador always calls Ann Boleyn which

is "The Whore".
        She is very obstinate, very difficult, I mean that comes out very clearly in her conflict with her

father and in her relations with Ann Boleyn. What you see is what you get and pretty rough it is too

when she's in that mood.
      Now in her early 20s, the constant psychological strain began to take its toll on Mary's health.It's a

period of enormous stress for her, I mean, she has menstrual problems anyway, almost from the word

go and they get very much worse.
      Her disfavor with her father led Mary to live in fear of her life.
     There are rumors in 1534 and 1535 of Mary's execution. The rumors are circulating amongst the

ambassadors and amongst Mary's upport network, a court. Certainly Mary has a profound fear of

being poisoned. And this fear never  really leaves her.
     Mary's fragile physical and mental state took a further blow when Henry finally had a child with

his fourth wife Jane Seymour in 1537.

words:
menstrual:     Menstrual means relating to menstruation.  When a woman menstruates, a flow of blood

                          comes from her womb.            Women menstruate once a month unless they are

pregnant or have reached the                                     menopause.

【整理】血腥玛丽-3             
        Henry VIII at last has his long looked-for male heir, and there is tremendous rejoicing at court,

and there's tremendous rejoicing all over England as well. Hogsheads of wine are broken open at

market crosses in parish churches. People celebrate. People set off fireworks and bonfires.With his

male heir in place, Henry VIII decided to rewrite the succession.
       Obviously the person who would succeed would be his son. But what would happen after that?

Well he did have these two bastard daughters Mary and Elizabeth. And so Henry decided he'd get the

succession tidied up in the order: Edward first, then Mary, then Elizabeth.
        Henry VIII died in 1547 when Mary was 34. Her brother Edward became king at the age of 9,

under the protection of protestant advisors. He's a young, healthy, vigorous prince, but he's also a

convinced protestant. He's a serious evangelical. He is far, far more protestant than Henry VIII has

ever been.I think Mary is drastically shocked by the direction that Edwardian religious policy takes.

Churches are being white washed; statues and stained glass windows are being taken out; protestant

doctrines are being officially preached in the church and the Mass is replaced with a service in

English. And it's that that sparks Mary's really conspicuous disobedience to the government of her

young brother.
          During Edward's reign, I think she must have felt that this was it, there was no future, and there

will be no chance that her beloved world, her religion, anything would survive the entire Protestant

Revolution which Edward was carrying out.The years of stress and illness had turned Mary into a

pale, bitter woman. Her faith became her obsession. On several occasions, Edward sent deputations to

persuade Mary to accept his new religion. Sticking to her religious principles, she refused to bow to

her younger brother's demands.
    The Mass, the Sacrament of the Altar, is central to her personal faith. And it's Edward's councilors,

it's the heretics who try to get rid of that, and it’s why she hates heretics.
     Her stand was supported by the Spanish monarchy, who were burning protestants at the stake for

rejecting Catholicism. But in England, these heretics were in power. There seemed no chance of

returning to the catholic faith while her brother was on the throne. Edward suddenly became ill in

1553, and the royal succession was again thrown into chaos.

words:
tidy up:   When you tidy up or tidy a place up, you put things back in their proper places so that           

    everything is neat.
evangelical:   Evangelical Christians emphasize the importance of the Bible and the need for personal

                       belief in Christ.
protestant: A Protestant is a Christian who belongs to the branch of the Christian church which            

       separated from the Catholic  church in the sixteenth century.
 
【整理】         血腥玛丽-4
    As Edward VI, is lying dying, he is fully aware that he is facing a crisis. It looks strongly as if the

only option for his succession is for Mary to come to the throne. Mary, as we know, has battled

against Edward to retain the Mass in her own household. So this pious little protestant evangelical

king is faced with all his work being undone, the temple being rent asunder, Catholicism returning to

England and so he inaugurates a plot.
       Edward's advisers proposed Mary's protestant cousin Lady Jane Grey as heir to the throne.             

   Supported by the Archbishop of Canterbury, Thomas Cranmer, Lady Jane ruled for only 9 days

before Mary who had won the support of London took the throne. She was not going to let her one and

only chance to rule pass her by.
        So what made people want Mary and not Queen Jane? Well, it was actually blood. They wanted

Henry VIII's blood and that was Mary's slogan: I'm Henry VIII's daughter, Jane isn't. And the teresting

thing is that Mary did not mention religion. She didn't say a thing about religion and that was quite

deliberate and quite clever, because she was being supported now by Protestants as well as Catholics.

Both sides rallied to that sort of Stalin-like memory of Henry, the power of the old king. And that's

what got her to London in, under a fortnight.
     In July 1553, Mary Tudor was 37 years old when she was crowned Queen of all England at

Westminster Abby. She was determined to restore the Catholic allegiance and to punish those who’d

made her last 25 years a misery. The same year she cemented her ties to Catholic Europe in a

marriage of alliance with King Philip II of Spain.
      Philip must have been a little crestfallen,  shall we say, at the thought of marrying Mary, she was

older; she was notoriously not much fun. She marries at the age of 37, she is an old maid by that time

and I think that screwed her up quite considerably as well.
     For the protestant nobility, it was hard to accept a female Catholic Queen but impossible to accept

a foreign Catholic King. Within months of taking the throne, a large scale Protestant rebellion was

crushed by Mary. She decided to show her enemies how swift her Catholic justice would be.

words:
Stalin: 斯大林(Joseph Stalin,1879-1953,前苏联政治家列宁的继承人,曾担任前苏联共产党总书记  

         [1922-1953],苏联总理[1941-1953])
allegiance :  Your allegiance is your support for and loyalty to a particular group, person, or belief.
cement:   Something that cements a relationship or agreement makes it stronger.
crestfallen: If you look crestfallen, you look sad and disappointed about something.

整理】5
     So there are hangings. A number of the rebel leaders are dispatched. The Duke of Suffolk is

executed. Jackpot little Jane Grey, the Nine Day's Queen is now executed as well. There is a fear at

one stage that Princess Elizabeth herself may be facing execution. That certainly is a rumor being

reported by the ambassadors at the time. And a number of the rebels from Kent are sent back to their

shires, and hanged in their own home parishes in order to discourage future rebellion.
         Now she was queen, Mary would return her country to the Catholic fold by all means necessary. 

        Protestant England was about to experience the revenge of Mary Tudor.
        After years of confusion, paranoia and turmoil, the Catholic Queen Mary Tudor was in a position

to avenge her protestant tormentors.
       In her eyes, the crimes against her had been committed in the name of the Church of England.

She would purge the nation of its satanic presence.
     The first thing that Mary has to do in association with her Privy Council and the principal advisers

is to recreate the medieval laws that mean that you can be burned at the stake for heresy.
     Mary would have defined heresy as the church would have defined it. And that doesn't just mean

being wrong. It means persisting in being wrong. And if they go on saying what they've said before

that the Mass is a blasphemy; that the Pope is antichrist, then you have to burn them.
     The horrific ritual of burning at the stake proved a useful tool for Mary and her government.They

want other people to watch and think heresy is an illness within the body politic and it needs to   be

purged. It needs to be burnt out and destroyed.
      Mary was determined that the burnings were carried out to produce maximum effect.
     Torching punishment of heretics, me think of it ought to be done without rashness. But it may be

evident to all this realm how I minister true justice.
      Mary's plan to cleanse England of the protestant curse turned into a frenzy of killing. Hundreds

were burned to death, first the Bishops, then protestant preachers and even their families. Burnings

took place in town squares all over the country. Those classed as heretics were killed without mercy.
      Horrible case in the Channel Islands where a pregnant woman was put on the fire, and her baby

was born in the fire and it was thrown back.

Vocabulary:
Jackpot: A jackpot is the most valuable prize in a game or lottery, especially when the  
             game involves increasing the value of the prize until someone wins it.
satanic: characterized by extreme cruelty or viciousness
privy council: a body of officials and dignitaries chosen by the British monarch as an
                    advisory council to the Crown usually functioning through its committees. 枢密院
cleanse: to rid of impurities by or as if by washing
             The business of the fighters is to cleanse the skies over the battle.

血腥玛丽-6 标蓝悬赏  special thanks to ktdid
      I think many ordinary Catholics in the reign of Mary viewed burnings of Protestants with horror.

Although catholic families may not like the prayer book in English, they may not like the fact that

during the reign of Edward VI, their churches have been cleansed of the Catholic liturgical kits that

they were so attached to, this does not mean the catholic families want to see their neighbors burned

at the stake. And make no mistake about it, the burning of somebody at the stake is a very nasty

business. It takes a long time to die. While you have mass burnings, while you have a number of

Protestants being burned at the same time, the smell of human burning fat would have been

overpowering.
     The persecution is a duty, a religious duty, because in order to save the souls of her subjects, she

has got to eradicate the virus of, of heresy. She is a fanatic.
     While Mary's religious persecutions proved unpopular with her subjects, her marriage with Philip

was a sham.
     That he ever loved her in the conventional romantic sense, I think, is very doubtful, but he did

always regard her as, as, as his aunt, great tía amada (西班牙语dear aunt).
     Mary was 11 years older than her husband. She failed to bear him a child, something she refused to

accept.
     We know that she has two phantom pregnancies. Exactly what causes them, we don't know. And

one assumes there must be some balance between something physical, maybe some kind of tumor,

who knows, and something psychological in the plain meaning  she is desperate to have a child and to

continue the Tudor line and to continue her catholic religious settlement by having children of her

own rather than things passing on to Elizabeth.
    It's obvious to everybody except Mary herself that she's never gonna have a child. But a barren wife

is no use to him at all.
    In the end, Philip went back to Spain. He got a lot else to do than be in England, so he left the

queen, nursing her delusions of pregnancy. And in the last year, her health was going. It became clear

she was dying.
    With her health failing, Mary was determined to exact merciless revenge on those who had

wronged her in the past.
    It's clear that the breakup of her parents' marriage was enormously important to her. And the key to

that is seeing how relentlessly she pursued the man whom she blamed for that breakup--Thomas

Cranmer, who became Archbishop of Canterbury precisely in order to break up her parents' marriage.

Cranmer was a criminal in Mary's eyes. He'd committed a series of crimes: The first was to end her

mother's marriage; the second was to be part of the break with Rome; the third was then to change the

church to Protestantism; and the fourth was to support Lady Jane Grey.

words:
sham: Something that is a sham is not real or is not really what it seems to be.
great tía amada (西班牙语dear aunt)
attached : If you are attached to someone or something, you like them very much.

整理7
       And she pursued him not literally to death, not even to the grave, because there was nothing left

of him once he was burnt at the stake or else, but...
     That which is the fateful congregation, we'll still...
    After his arrest, Cranmer was imprisoned in the tower before being subjected to a series of show

trials.
    In the 14 /.
   The trials lasted for more than two years. Mary was publicly humiliating the figurehead of the

protestant heretic fate. He recanted his religion six times.
     Cranmer, I think, recanted, because he was in a state of terrible mental confusion. He really

thought he was a traitor; he really thought that / he had betrayed God and / Mary. And with that

among him, I think you have to realize that he is a man who is imprisoned; who has lost his friends;

who is surrounded by very sophisticated Catholics, telling him that he is a heretic, he's full of guilt

and loneness, and in all that, it overwhelmed him.
     Despite his reputations, he was still sentenced to death. He was 67 years old.
     Day had a takeoff...
     Before he died, he was publicly shamed as a protestant heretic. He denied the authority of the one

true Catholic Church and Pope.
     Let him burned for all eternity in the flames of hell.
     He was burned at the stake in Oxford, May 1556.
     Mary would simply not let him off the hook. He had done everything that the church demanded.

He had said that he was a heretic, he was sorry for being a heretic, and he still died. Even at the time,

people thought this was bad form. Catholics were embarrassed about it, and the government's

explanations which they put out as propaganda were not very convincing.
     There were nearly 300 burned in about three and half years in Mary's reign, which was actually

more than the Spanish Inquisition and the French Chambre Ardente put together in the same period.

 

 

 

-----------------------------

饿,复制所有整理稿并标明hw。。。sylvia

 

[ 本帖最后由 sylvia_qian 于 2009-4-8 21:56 编辑 ]
实现无障碍英语沟通
本帖最后由 mayqss 于 2014-3-19 10:57 编辑

HW

Mary Tudor is the most hated queen in British history. During her five-year reign, she threw all England into chaos. Mary beheaded traitors, murdered heretics, and had pregnant women burnt to death in the name of her religious fanaticism. The entire nation lived in fear.

“Make no mistake about it, the burning of somebody at the stake is a really nasty business. It takes a long time to die, the smell of human burning fat would have been overpowering.”

“There were nearly 300 burns in about 3.5 years in Mary's reign which is actually more than the Spanish Inquisition and the French Chambre Ardente put together in the same period.”

Thousands fled into hiding, and the streets of English cities were polluted with the putrid smell of burning flesh. She created such terror that she's known as Bloody Mary.

Mary Tudor was born in Greenwich in 1516. She was the only surviving child of King Henry VIII and his first wife Catherine of Aragon.

“The reaction to Mary's birth is one of happiness but very muted happiness really. People were not cheered up by the fact that the child was born and lived was a daughter. Henry wanted a son to succeed him. And Mary's arrival was seen as a second-rate birth. After several miscarriages and five dead children, Mary's mother, Catherine of Aragon went through the menopause, Henry knew that she could never provide him with the male heir he so desperately wanted.

“Henry realized that there would be no son, and began asking well why, and his answer was well God doesn't want me to have a son. And because my marriage is wrong. My marriage doesn't exist.”

England was a Catholic country, but the pope would not allow the king to annul his marriage. Henry broke from the Rome and declared himself as the supreme head of the new church of England. In January 1533,  after learning that one of his courtiers Ann Boleyn was pregnant, Henry secretly married her to avoid the risk of having a bastard son. But Ann gave birth to a girl. Mary's stepsister Elizabeth.
Get Busy Living or Get Busy Dying
普特听力大课堂
Mary Tudor was the most hated queen in british history, during her 5 years reign, she
throw all england into the chaos, Mary beheaded traitors, murdered heritics, and
had pregnant women burned to death in the name of her religious fanaticism, the
entire nation lived in fear

make no mistake about it, the burning of somebody at the stake is a very nasty
business, it takes a long time to die, the smell of the human burning fat would have
been overpowered,

there were nearly 300 burns in about 3.5 years in Mary's reign which is actually more
than the spanish inquisition and the French chambre ardente put together in the same
period"

thousands fled into hiding, and the streets of english cities were polluted with
putrid smell of burning flesh, she created such terror that she is known as bloody
Mary.

Mary Tudor was born in Greenwich in 1516, she was the only surviving child of King
Henry VIII and his first wife Catherine of Aragon.

"the reaction to Mary's birth is one of happiness but very muted happiness really,
people were not cheered up by the fact that the child was born and lived was a
daughter, Henry wanted a son to succeed, and Mary's arrival was seen as a second rate
of birth, after several miscarriages and 5 dead children, Mary's mother, Catherine
of Aragon, went through the menopause, Henry knew that she could never provide him
the male heir he so desperately wanted "

Henry realized that there would be no son, and began asking well why, and his answer
was well God doesn't want me to have a son, and because my marriage is wrong, my
marriage doesn't exist.

England was a catholic country, but the Pope would not allow Henry to anull his marriage,
Henry broken from Rome and declared himself the supreme head of the new church of
england, in January 1553, after learning that one of his courties Ann Boleyn was
pregnant, Henry secretly married to avoid the risk of having a bastard son, but
Ann gave birth to a girl, Mary's stepsister Elizabeth.
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