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[report整理] Words and Their Stories 2009-03-29

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I’m suisan clark with special English program words and their stories.
Suisan Cleveland is a young president of a candy company in the city of chicago.Her father began this company in the 1960s .He died three years ago.Now the company belongs to suisan.Many of her father’ employee s were so concerned when suisan to control.Suisan’s father had worked many years for other candy companies before starting this one.
He had known a great deal about this business,suisan however,did not have any jobs before becoming head of this company,she just finished the college.
The emploree became even more concerned during the suisan’s first month on the job.
Mr.Cleveland had been a strong leader,but suisan permitted many of employees to make their own decion,one employee said:Mr.Cleveland always told her what to do,he kept people on a short leash,but the company did well.
What does a short leash mean!a leash is a kind of rope,we use a leash to walk our pet dogs.the leash keeps the dog from running away or getting into the trouble.
Keeping a person on a short leash means keeping him or her under closed control,the person can not make many decions for himself or herself .
Word expert James Roger find the similar saying more than 400 years ago.In 1560s writer Thomas Dickens said in the religious book, for god have them in the leash yeah they are his slaves.Miss.Cleveland does not keep her workers on the short leash. Instead ,she urges them to create better ways to the business. For example her secretary proposed an idea ,she said the company should give the prize to the best student in the high school near the factory .The winner could used the prise money to study in the university.Miss Cleveland approved the idea,after the prize was announed people who lived in the area of the factory began to buy more of the company’s candy.
Locol newspaper wrote about the competition,business improved. Miss Cleveland make the secretary the company’s first director of  public relations.The former secretary was very pleased,she said my old job had became mickey mouse.Now I have much more creative  one. Mickey mouse, of course is Walt Disney’d famous animal drawn from the movies ,televison and comic picture books. But what does a mouse have to do with  a job.
In morden speech.anything that is mickey mouse is unimportant.
Many word experts said the new meaning came from United States Navy.the navy had a special schoole for new sailors who did not cooperate, it is called M I C short for military indoctrination center .Sailors began to say the rules, which did not seem important were mic.Over time mic became a mickey mouse, something  that lacks meaning.
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