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[豆知识] 【整理】2009-04-26&05-02 美国人如何选总统?

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homework

Every four years Americans who are eighteen or older have a big responsiblity. Our votes decide who becomes the president of the United States.  

[news:/p/00:09.5] Unfortunately the U.S election system isn't that simple. This is electing a U.S. president in plain English.  
[news:/p/00:17.0] It's easy to imagine every U.S citizens' vote being counted together on election day but this is not the case.
[news:/p/00:24.6] U.S. elections are not decided by the total or popular vote but individual states.
[news:/p/00:30.3] Let me explain it starts with your vote on election day your'll vote for president and they are vice president.
[news:/p/00:37.7] You get one choice then all the votes in your state are counted.  
[news:/p/00:42.4] The candidate with the most state wide votes becomes the candidate your state supports for president.
[news:/p/00:47.8] This happens across the country until each state has selected their candidate.
[news:/p/00:53.1] We end up with the most of the fifty states and the district of Columbia voting to support one candidate each.  
[news:/p/00:59.5] But there is a problem we can not elect a president by just counting up the choices of these states. U.S states are different.
[news:/p/01:07.1] Consider this California has about thirty six million people Kansas has less than three million. We need a way for California's choice to have more influence on the election because the state has more people.  
[news:/p/01:20.5] The question becomes how do we make sure each state has the right amount of influence on the election.  
[news:/p/01:26.7] Well we need a way to account for the population of each state. As an example let us consider my home state of North Carolina.
[news:/p/01:35.9] Like every state it is divided up into congressional districts that are based on population.  
[news:/p/01:41.6] North Carolina has thirteen districts California has fifty three and Kansas has four. When it comes to a state's influence on the election the number of districts matters most. More population equals more districts equals more influence.
[news:/p/01:57.7] The influence a state has in the election is measured by the number of electors.
[news:/p/02:03.5] This number comes from the number of districts in a state plus the number of U.S. Senators which is always two.
[news:/p/02:10.6] North Carolina has fifteen electors while California has fifty five.
[news:/p/02:16.4] When a candidate wins the voting in a state they win that state's number of electors. That's why big populous states can be so important to candidates.  
[news:/p/02:25.9] Their electors add up quickly and the number of electors is what really matters.  
[news:/p/02:31.7] Here is why If you add up the electors of all fifty states and the district of Columbia there are five hundred and thirty eight in total.  
[news:/p/02:39.6] The candidates' goal on election day is to win the majority of five hundred thirty eight or two hundred and seventy electors.  
[news:/p/02:47.6] Once a candidate wins enough states to reach the two hundred seventy majority. They have won the election and become the president elect.
[news:/p/02:55.7] So let's recap your vote helps your state choose a single candidate.
[news:/p/03:03.3] That candidate receives all the electors from your state.  
[news:/p/03:06.7] The candidate who can win enough states to reach two hundred and seventy total electors wins the national election and becomes the president elect.  
[news:/p/03:15.0] Then on the following January twentieth the president elect is sworn in as the next president of the United States.
[news:/p/03:22.1] And all start with your vote. Make it count.
Home work
every four years, americans who are 18 or older have a big resposibility, our votes decides who becomes the president of the United states.unfoutunately, the US elction system isn't that simple.this is elcting us president in plain english
it is image every us citizen's vote  being counted  together  on the election day, but this is  not the case.US elction are not decided by total or  popular vote but individule states.lemme explain.it starts with your vote.on the election day, you vote for president and  their vice president. you get one choice,then all the voters in your state are counted. the candiate with most state-wide voters becomes the candidate your state supports for president.this happens across the country until each state has selected  their candidate.we end up with most 15 states and  district of ~~voting to support one candidate each.but there is the problem, we cannot elect the president by just counting the choice of these states.US states are different, consider this, carlifornia has about 36million  people,  has less than 3 million. we need the way for carlifornia's
'choice  have more influlence on the election because the state has more people.the question becomes , how do you make sure each state has right amount of influence on the election.well, we need to wait to confirm  the population of each states. as in this example, let 's consider my home state, like every state, it is divided up to cogressional districts that based on the population.orther  13 districts, ~53 , 4.. when it come to states influence on the election , the number of districts matters most.more popluation equals more districts , equals more influence.the influence as state has in election is measure by the number of electors. this number comes from  number of districts in the state, plus us senators,which is always 2. ~~ 15 electors , while carlifornia has 55. when a candidate wins the voting in the states, they win that  states number of electors.that' why big popluation states can be so important to candidates.their electors add up quickly ,and the number of electors is what? really matters. here is whymif you add  up the lectors all 15 states and distric of ~~ , there are   538 in total, the candidates' goal on election day is to win majority of 538 . or 270 electors. once the candidate  wins enough states to reach 279 majority ,they have won the election and become the us president elected.
so, let's recap, your vote helps your state choose the single candidate,that candidate recerives all the electors from your state .the candidate  who could win the enough states to reach 279 total vote electors wins the national election and become the president elect date.then on the following 1/ 20, the president elect is  sworn in as the next oresident of united states. and it all starts with your vote, make it count.
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HW:



Every four years, Americans who are 18 or older have a big responsibility. Our votes decide who becomes the president of the US. Unfortunately, the US election system isn't that simple. This is Electing a US President in Plain English.



It is easy to imagine every US citizen's vote being counted together on Election Day. But this is not the case. US elections are not decided by the total of popular vote, but individual states.



Let me explain.



It starts with your vote. On Election Day, you’ll vote for president and their vice president. You get one choice. Then all the votes in your state are counted. The candidate with the most state-wide votes becomes the candidate your state supports for president. This happens across the country until each state has elected their candidate.



We end up with most of the 50 states and the District of Columbia voting to support one candidate each. But there's a problem, we can't elect president by just counting up the choices of these states. US states are different.



Consider this: California has about 36 million people. Kansas has less than 3 million. We need a way for California's choice to have more influence on the election because the state has more people. The question comes, how do you make sure each state has the right amount of influence on the election?



Well, we need a way to account for the population of each state.



As an example, let's consider my home state of North Carolina. Like every state, it is divided into a congressional districts that are based on population. North Carolina has 13 districts, California has 53 and Kansas has 4. When it comes to a state’s influence on the election, the number of districts matters
most. More population equals more districts equals more influence.



The influence a state has in the election is measured by the number of “electors”.



This number comes from the number of districts in a state plus the number of US senators, which is always two. North Carolina has 15 electors while California has 55.



When a candidate wins the voting in a state they win their states' number of electors. That's why big populous states can be so important to candidates- their electors add up quickly. And number of electors is what really matters.



Here's why.



If you add up the electors of all 50 states and the District of Columbia, there are 538 in total. The candidates’ goal on Election Day is to win the majority of 538, or 270 electors. Once a candidate wins another states to reach the 270 majority, they have won the election and become the president-elect. Yea!



So let's recap. Your vote helps your state choose a single candidate. That candidate receives all the electors from your state. The candidate who can win another states to reach 270 total electors wins the national election and becomes the president-elect.




Then, on the following January 20th, the president-elect is sworn in as the next president of the US.



And it all starts with your vote, make it count.

Words and expressions:
Populous: densely populated 人口稠密
Recap: a summary at the end that repeats the substance of a longer discussion v.n.扼要重述
Sworn in: promise solemnly; take an oath
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homework

Every 4 years, Americans tour 18 or older have big responsibility. Our votesdecide who’d become the president of United States. Unfortunately, the US selectionsystem isn’t that simple. This is an electing of US president in plain English. It’seasy to imagine every USis votes be counted together on Election Day. But this is not the case. US electionsare not decided by the total or popular vote, but individual states. Let meexplain. It starts with your vote. On Election Day, you’ll vote for presidentand their vice president. You get one choice. Then all the votes in your statesare counted. The candidate with the state wide votes becomes the candidate yourstate supports for president. This happens across the country, until each statehas selected their candidate. We end up with the most 50 states and rest of Columbia voting to selectone candidate each. But there is a problem. We can not elect a president byjust counted on the choice of states. US states are different. Consider this, California has about 36 million people, Kansas has less than 3 million. We need away for California’schoice to have more influence on the election, because the state has morepeople. The question becomes how do we make sure each state has the rightamount of influence on the election. Well, we need a way to count for the populationof each state. As an example, Let’s consider my own state north kalian, likeevery state, it is divided up in a congressional districts that based onpopulation. North kalian has 13 districts, Californiahas 53, and Kansashas 4, when they comes to the influence on the election, the number ofdistricts matters most. More population equals more districts, equals moreinfluence. The influence a state has in the election is measured by the numberof electors. This number comes to numbers of districts in the state, plus thenumber of US senators, which is always 2. North kalian has 15 electors, while California has 55. Whena candidate wins the voting of a state, they win the state number of electors.That’s why big popular states can be so important to candidates. Their electorsadd up quickly. And the number of electors is what really matters. Here is whyif you add up the electors of all 50 states and the districts of Columbia, there are 538 in total. The candidates’ goal on the ElectionDay is to win the majority of 538, or 270 electors, once a candidate winsenough states, to reach the 270 majority, they have won the election and becomethe president elected. Yeah~
So, let’s recap. Your vote help your statechooses a single candidate, that candidate receives all the elector from yourstate. The candidate who can win enough states to reach 270 total electors winsthe national election and become the president elected. Then on the followingJanuary 20th, the president elected is swearing as the next president of United States.And all starts with your vote. Make it count.
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every four years,american who are 18 or older have a big responsibity.our votes decide who become the prisident of unite states.unfortunately the us election system is not that simple.this is the electing us president in plain english  .it is easy to imagine every us s vote be counter together on election day.but this is not the case.us elections are not decided by the total a popular vote,but individual states. let me explain,it start with your vote,on the election day,your vote for president and the vice president,you get one choice.then all of the votes in your state acount it,the candidate with the most state wide votes become the candidate your state sppuort for president. this happens across the country untill each state has selected their candidate,we end up with most of                  the voting to support one candidate each. but this is the problem,we can elect president by just counting out  the choice of this state,us states are different.consider this, california has about   36milion pople,cansas has less than 3m,we need a way for californias choice to have more influence  on election because the state has more pople.the question becomes how do you make sure each state has the right amount of influence on the election.well,we need a way to acount for the population of eath state.as a example,let us consider my home state of north carlolana.like every state,it is devided up in the congrational districs that base on population.north calolana has 13 districs,calafornia has 53 and cansans has 4,when it is come to the state influence on the election,the number of districs matters most.more population equals more districs equals more influence.the influence a state has an election is mesured by the number of electors,this number come to the number of districs on the state,post  number of us senators wich is always two.north calolana has 15 electors,while calafornia has 55,when a canadate wins the voting in the states they win that states number of electors. that is my big popular state can be so important to candidates,their electors add up quickly and the number of electors is  what really matters.here is why if you add up the electors  of all 50 states in the districs of  ,  there are 538 in total.the candidates go on the election day ,it is  went to the majority of 538 or 270 electors. once the candidate wins another states to reach to 270 majority,they have won the election and become the president elect.so lets recap,your vote helps your state choose the single candidate, that candidate receives all the electors from your state.the candidate who can win another state to reach 270 totall electors wins the national election and become the presidet elect.then on the following january 20th,the president elect is sworn in as the next president of unite states. all start with your vote make it count.
本帖最后由 my新华书店 于 2009-8-27 10:22 编辑

HW

Every four years, Americans who are 18 or older have a big responsibility. Our votes decide who becomes the president of the United States. Unfortunately, the US election system isn't that simple. This is Electing a US President in Plain English.  



It's easy to imagine every US citizen's vote being counted together on Election Day. But this is not the case. US elections are not decided by the total or popular vote, but individual states. Let me explain.



It starts with your vote. On Election Day, you'll vote for president and their vice president. You get one choice. Then, all the votes in your state are counted. The candidate with the most state-wide votes becomes the candidate your state supports for president. This happens across the country until each state has selected their candidate.



We end up with most of the 50 states and the District of Columbia voting to support one candidate each. But there is a problem. We can't elect a president by just counting up the choices of these states - US states are different.



Consider this: California has about 36 million people, Kansas has less than three million. We need a way for California's choice to have more influence on the election because the state has more people. The question becomes - how do we make sure each state has the right amount of influence on the election?



Well, we need a way to account for the population of each state.



As an example, let's consider my home state of North Carolina. Like every state, it is divided up into congressional districts that are based on population. North Carolina has 13 districts, California has 53 and Kansas has four. When it comes to a state's influence on the election, the number of districts matters most. More population equals more districts equals more influence.



The influence a state has in the election is measured by the number of "electors". This number comes from the number of districts in a state plus the number of US senators which is always two. North Carolina has 15 electors while California has 55.



When a candidate wins the voting in a state they win that state's number of electors. That's why big, populous states can be so important to candidates - their electors add up quickly. And the number of electors is what really matters. Here's why.



If you add up the electors of all 50 states and the District of Columbia, there are 538 in total. The candidates' goal on Election Day is to win the majority of 538, or 270 electors. Once a candidate wins enough states to reach the 270 majority, they have won the election and become the president-elect. Yeah!!



So, let's recap. Your vote helps your state choose a single candidate. That candidate receives all the electors from your state. The candidate who can win enough states to reach 270 total electors wins the national election and becomes the president-elect.



Then, on the following January 20th, the president-elect is sworn in as the next president of the United States.



And it all starts with your vote, make it count.
HW
Every four years, Americans who are 18 or older have a big responsibility. Our votes decide who becomes the president of the United States. Unfortunately, the US election system isn’t that simple. This is electing a US president in playing English. It’s easy to imagine every US citizens’ vote being counted on an election day. But this is not the case. US elections are not decided by the total or popular vote but indivisible states. Let me explain. It starts with your vote. On an election day, your vote for president or * president, you get one choice. Then, all of your votes of your state are counted. The candidate with the most state wide votes becomes the candidate your state supports for president. This happens across the country, until each state has selected their candidate. We end up with most the fifty states and districts of * voting to support one candidate each. But there’s a problem. We can’t elect our president by just counting the choice of the states. The US states are different. Consider this, California has about 36 million people, * has less than 3 million. We need a way for California’s choice to have more influence on the election because the state has more people. The question becomes, how do we make sure each state, has the right amount of influence on the election? Well, we need a way to account for the population of each state. As an example, let’s consider my home state, *. Like every state, it is divided up into * districts that based on population. North * has 13 districts, California has 53, and * has 4. When it comes to state’s influence on the election, the number of districts matters most. More population equals more districts, equals more influence. The influence a state has in an election is measured by the number of electors. This number, … the number of districts in a state, the number of US *, which is always 2. North * has 15 electors, while California has 55. When a candidate wins the voting in a state, they win that state’s number of electors. That’s why big, popular states are so important to candidates. There’re electors added up quickly. And the number of electors is what really matters. Here is why. If you add up the electors all 50 states and districts of *, there’re 538 in total. The candidate’s goal on an election is to win the majority of 538 or 270 electors. Once a candidate wins enough states to reach the 270 majority, they have won the election and become the president elect. Yeah, so, let’s recap. Your vote helps your state choose a single candidate. That candidate receives all electors from your state. The candidate who can win enough states to reach 270 total electors, wins the national election, and becomes the president elect. Then, on the following …, the president elect is sworn in as the next president of the United States. And it all starts with your vote, make it count.
实现无障碍英语沟通
[Homework]  Bits of knowledge  20090426

Every four years, Amercians who are 18 or older have a big responsibility, our votes decide who becomes the president of the United States, unfortunately, the US election system isn't that simple. This is electing a US president in plain English.

It is easy to imagine every US citizens's vote being counted together on a election day, but this is not the case, US elections are not decided by the total or popular vote, but individual states, let me explain. It starts with your vote, on a election day, your vote for president and there vice-president, you give one choice, then, all the votes of your state are counted, the candidate with the most state-wide votes become the candidate of your state's support for president. This happens accross the country, until each state has selected their candidate. We end up with most of the 50 states in the district of Columbia voting to support for one candidate each.

But there is a problem, we can't elect our president by just counting our choices of these states, US states are different, consider this: California has about 36 million people, Kansas has less than 3 million, we need a way for California's choice to have more influence on the election because the state has more people, the question becomes, how do we make sure each state has the right amount of influence on the election, well, we need a way to account for the population of each state, as a example, let's consider my home state of North Carolina, like every state, it is divided the other congrational districts that base on polulation, North Carolina has 13 districts, California has 53, and Kansas has four. When it comes to a state's influence on the election, the number of the districts matters most, more population, equals more districts, equals more influence, the influence a state has in a election is measured by the numbers of  electors, this number comes from the number of a district in the state, plus the number of the US senators, which is always two.

North Carolina has 15 electors, well, California has 55, when a candidate wins the vote in the state, they win that state's number of electors, that is why big popular states can be so important to candidates, their electors add up quickly. And a number of electors is what really matters, here is why. If you add the electors of all 50 states in the district of Columbia, there are 538 in total, the candidate's goal on the election day is to win the majority of 538, or 270 electors, once the candidate wins enough states to reach the 270 majority, they have won the election and become the president elected. Ya......


So, let's recap, your vote helps your state choose a single candidate, that candidate receive all the electors from your state, the candidate who can won enough states to reach 270 total electors wins the national election and become the president elect.  Then on the following January 28th, the president elect is swearing in as the next president of the United States, and it all start with your votes, make it count.
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Homework
Every four years, Americans who are 18 or older have a big responsibility. Our votes decide who becomes the president of the United States. Unfortunately, the US election system isn't that simple. This is Electing a US President in Plain English.
It's easy to imagine every US citizen's vote being counted together on Election Day. But this is not the case. US elections are not decided by the total or popular vote, but individual states. Let me explain.It starts with your vote. On Election Day, you'll vote for president and their vice president. You get one choice. Then, all the votes in your state are counted. The candidate with the most state-wide votes becomes the candidate your state supports for president. This happens across the country until each state has selected their candidate. We end up with most of the 50 states and the District of Columbia voting to support one candidate each. But there is a problem. We can't elect a president by just counting up the choices of these states - US states are different. Consider this, California has about 36 million people, Kansas has less than three million. We need a way for California's choice to have more influence on the election because the state has more people. The question becomes, how do we make sure each state has the right amount of influence on the election? Well, we need a way to account for the population of each state.
As an example, let's consider my home state of North Carolina. Like every state, it is divided up into congressional districts that are based on population. North Carolina has 13 districts, California has 53 and Kansas has 4. When it comes to a state's influence on the election, the number of districts matters most. More population equals more districts equals more influence. The influence a state has in the election is measured by the number of "electors". This number counts for comes from the number of districts in a state push plus the number of US senators which is always two. North Carolina has 15 electors while California has 55.

When a candidate wins the voting in a state they win that state's number of electors. That's why big, populous states can be so important to candidates - their electors add up quickly. And the number of electors is what really matters. Here's why. If you add up the electors of all 50 states and the District of Columbia, there are 538 in total. The candidates' goal on Election Day is to win the majorityof 538, or 270 electors. Once a candidate wins enough states to reach the 270 majority, they have won the election and become the president-elect. yeahYay, So, let's recat recap. Your vote helps your state choose a single candidate. That candidate receives all the electors from your state. The candidate who can win enough states to reach 270 total electors wins the national election and becomes the president-elect. Then, on the following January 20th, the president-elect is swarmsworn in as the next president of the United States. And it all starts with your vote, make it count.
好栏目推荐之美国口语俚语
[HOMEWORK]
Every four years, Americans who are 18 or older have a big responsibility. Our votes decide who becomes the president of the United States. Unfortunately, the US election system isn't that simple. This is Electing a US President in Plain English.
It's easy to imagine every US citizen's vote being counted together on Election Day. But this is not the case. US elections are not decided by the total or popular vote, but individual states. Let me explain.
It starts with your vote. On Election Day, you'll vote for president and their vice president. You get one choice. Then, all the votes in your state are counted. The candidate with the most state-wide votes becomes the candidate your state supports for president. This happens across the country until each state has selected their candidate.
We end up with most of the 50 states and the District of Columbia voting to support one candidate each. But there is a problem. We can't elect a president by just counting up the choices of these states - US states are different.
Consider this: California has about 36 million people, Kansas has less than three million. We need a way for California's choice to have more influence on the election because the state has more people. The question becomes - how do we make sure each state has the right amount of influence on the election?
Well, we need a way to account for the population of each state.
As an example, let's consider my home state of North Carolina. Like every state, it is divided up into congressional districts that are based on population. North Carolina has 13 districts, California has 53 and Kansas has four. When it comes to a state's influence on the election, the number of districts matters most. More population equals more districts equals more influence.
The influence a state has in the election is measured by the number of "electors". This number comes from the number of districts in a state plus the number of US senators which is always two. North Carolina has 15 electors while California has 55.
When a candidate wins the voting in a state they win that state's number of electors. That's why big, populous states can be so important to candidates - their electors add up quickly. And the number of electors is what really matters. Here's why.
If you add up the electors of all 50 states and the District of Columbia, there are 538 in total. The candidates' goal on Election Day is to win the majority of 538, or 270 electors. Once a candidate wins enough states to reach the 270 majority, they have won the election and become the president-elect. Yeah!!
So, let's recap. Your vote helps your state choose a single candidate. That candidate receives all the electors from your state. The candidate who can win enough states to reach 270 total electors wins the national election and becomes the president-elect.
Then, on the following January 20th, the president-elect is sworn in as the next president of the United States.
And it all starts with your vote, make it count.
hw
every four years, Americans who are eighteen or older have big responsibility. our votes decide who becomes the president of the United States.unfortunately,the US election system isn't that simple,this is electing a US president and playing English. it's easy to imaging every USes vote being coming together on the election day,but this is not the case. US elections are not decided by the total, a popular vote but individual states.let me explain, it's start with your vote, on election day, you vote for the presidents and their vice president, you get one choice. then all the votes you used are accounted. the candidate with the most stay wide ? becomes the candidate your state supports for president
HW

Every four year,America * owners has big responsibility.Our votes decide who become the president of United States.Unfortunately the US election system isn't that simple.That is electing in US president in plain English.It's easy to imagine every US citizens votes being counting together on that election day.But this is not the case.US  election are no start by the total popular vote but individal states.Let me explain.It start with your vote,on the election day,you vote for the president and the * president.You get one choice.Then all the votes of your state counted.The candidate with the most states votes though become the candidate of state for president.This happen across the country until each stare has select their candidate.We add up with most of the 50 states and Colombia vote to one candidate each.But herer is a problem we can elect our president by just counting the chooses of this states.United States are different,consider this California has about 37 million people,* has less than 3 million.We need a way to for California's choices have more influence,because the state has more people.The question become how do we make sure each states has as much right as effect on the election.Well,we * a way to account from population of each states.That is an example,let's consider my home state Karana.Like every state it is by the *based on population.Karana has 13 district,California has 53 and * has 4.When it comes to the states influence on the election ,the number of district matters most.More population equal more districts equal more effect.The effect a state has in election is measured by the number of the electors.This number comes from the number of district of electors which is always two. North Karana has 15 electors while California has 55.When the candidate wins the voting at the state,they win that state's number of electors.This is why big,popular state can be so important to candidate.The electors add up quickly,and the number of electors is really matters.Here is why,if you add up the candidate all 50 states district Colombia.There are 537 in total,the candidate go on the election day,is to win the majority of the 537 or 270 elections.Once the candidate win enough states to reach the 270 major,they have won the election and become the president elect.Yeah~.So let's recall.Your vote help your state to choose a single candidate.That candidate receive all the electors from your state.The candidate who can win enough states to reach 270 total electors wins the national elections,and become the president elect.Then on the following January 28th, the president elect is * as the next president of the US.And it all start with your vote,make it count.

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