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## [豆知识] 【整理】2009-04-26&05-02 美国人如何选总统？

 HW Every four years, Americans who are 18 or older have a big responsibility. Our votes decide who becomes the president of the United States. Unfortunately, the US election system isn’t that simple. This is electing a US president in playing English. It’s easy to imagine every US citizens’ vote being counted on an election day. But this is not the case. US elections are not decided by the total or popular vote but indivisible states. Let me explain. It starts with your vote. On an election day, your vote for president or * president, you get one choice. Then, all of your votes of your state are counted. The candidate with the most state wide votes becomes the candidate your state supports for president. This happens across the country, until each state has selected their candidate. We end up with most the fifty states and districts of * voting to support one candidate each. But there’s a problem. We can’t elect our president by just counting the choice of the states. The US states are different. Consider this, California has about 36 million people, * has less than 3 million. We need a way for California’s choice to have more influence on the election because the state has more people. The question becomes, how do we make sure each state, has the right amount of influence on the election? Well, we need a way to account for the population of each state. As an example, let’s consider my home state, *. Like every state, it is divided up into * districts that based on population. North * has 13 districts, California has 53, and * has 4. When it comes to state’s influence on the election, the number of districts matters most. More population equals more districts, equals more influence. The influence a state has in an election is measured by the number of electors. This number, … the number of districts in a state, the number of US *, which is always 2. North * has 15 electors, while California has 55. When a candidate wins the voting in a state, they win that state’s number of electors. That’s why big, popular states are so important to candidates. There’re electors added up quickly. And the number of electors is what really matters. Here is why. If you add up the electors all 50 states and districts of *, there’re 538 in total. The candidate’s goal on an election is to win the majority of 538 or 270 electors. Once a candidate wins enough states to reach the 270 majority, they have won the election and become the president elect. Yeah, so, let’s recap. Your vote helps your state choose a single candidate. That candidate receives all electors from your state. The candidate who can win enough states to reach 270 total electors, wins the national election, and becomes the president elect. Then, on the following …, the president elect is sworn in as the next president of the United States. And it all starts with your vote, make it count.