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[豆知识] 【整理】2009-04-26&05-02 美国人如何选总统?

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homework

Every four years Americans who are eighteen or older have a big responsiblity. Our votes decide who becomes the president of the United States.  

[news:/p/00:09.5] Unfortunately the U.S election system isn't that simple. This is electing a U.S. president in plain English.  
[news:/p/00:17.0] It's easy to imagine every U.S citizens' vote being counted together on election day but this is not the case.
[news:/p/00:24.6] U.S. elections are not decided by the total or popular vote but individual states.
[news:/p/00:30.3] Let me explain it starts with your vote on election day your'll vote for president and they are vice president.
[news:/p/00:37.7] You get one choice then all the votes in your state are counted.  
[news:/p/00:42.4] The candidate with the most state wide votes becomes the candidate your state supports for president.
[news:/p/00:47.8] This happens across the country until each state has selected their candidate.
[news:/p/00:53.1] We end up with the most of the fifty states and the district of Columbia voting to support one candidate each.  
[news:/p/00:59.5] But there is a problem we can not elect a president by just counting up the choices of these states. U.S states are different.
[news:/p/01:07.1] Consider this California has about thirty six million people Kansas has less than three million. We need a way for California's choice to have more influence on the election because the state has more people.  
[news:/p/01:20.5] The question becomes how do we make sure each state has the right amount of influence on the election.  
[news:/p/01:26.7] Well we need a way to account for the population of each state. As an example let us consider my home state of North Carolina.
[news:/p/01:35.9] Like every state it is divided up into congressional districts that are based on population.  
[news:/p/01:41.6] North Carolina has thirteen districts California has fifty three and Kansas has four. When it comes to a state's influence on the election the number of districts matters most. More population equals more districts equals more influence.
[news:/p/01:57.7] The influence a state has in the election is measured by the number of electors.
[news:/p/02:03.5] This number comes from the number of districts in a state plus the number of U.S. Senators which is always two.
[news:/p/02:10.6] North Carolina has fifteen electors while California has fifty five.
[news:/p/02:16.4] When a candidate wins the voting in a state they win that state's number of electors. That's why big populous states can be so important to candidates.  
[news:/p/02:25.9] Their electors add up quickly and the number of electors is what really matters.  
[news:/p/02:31.7] Here is why If you add up the electors of all fifty states and the district of Columbia there are five hundred and thirty eight in total.  
[news:/p/02:39.6] The candidates' goal on election day is to win the majority of five hundred thirty eight or two hundred and seventy electors.  
[news:/p/02:47.6] Once a candidate wins enough states to reach the two hundred seventy majority. They have won the election and become the president elect.
[news:/p/02:55.7] So let's recap your vote helps your state choose a single candidate.
[news:/p/03:03.3] That candidate receives all the electors from your state.  
[news:/p/03:06.7] The candidate who can win enough states to reach two hundred and seventy total electors wins the national election and becomes the president elect.  
[news:/p/03:15.0] Then on the following January twentieth the president elect is sworn in as the next president of the United States.
[news:/p/03:22.1] And all start with your vote. Make it count.
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