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[豆知识] 【整理】2009-04-26&05-02 美国人如何选总统?

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Home work
every four years, americans who are 18 or older have a big resposibility, our votes decides who becomes the president of the United states.unfoutunately, the US elction system isn't that simple.this is elcting us president in plain english
it is image every us citizen's vote  being counted  together  on the election day, but this is  not the case.US elction are not decided by total or  popular vote but individule states.lemme explain.it starts with your vote.on the election day, you vote for president and  their vice president. you get one choice,then all the voters in your state are counted. the candiate with most state-wide voters becomes the candidate your state supports for president.this happens across the country until each state has selected  their candidate.we end up with most 15 states and  district of ~~voting to support one candidate each.but there is the problem, we cannot elect the president by just counting the choice of these states.US states are different, consider this, carlifornia has about 36million  people,  has less than 3 million. we need the way for carlifornia's
'choice  have more influlence on the election because the state has more people.the question becomes , how do you make sure each state has right amount of influence on the election.well, we need to wait to confirm  the population of each states. as in this example, let 's consider my home state, like every state, it is divided up to cogressional districts that based on the population.orther  13 districts, ~53 , 4.. when it come to states influence on the election , the number of districts matters most.more popluation equals more districts , equals more influence.the influence as state has in election is measure by the number of electors. this number comes from  number of districts in the state, plus us senators,which is always 2. ~~ 15 electors , while carlifornia has 55. when a candidate wins the voting in the states, they win that  states number of electors.that' why big popluation states can be so important to candidates.their electors add up quickly ,and the number of electors is what? really matters. here is whymif you add  up the lectors all 15 states and distric of ~~ , there are   538 in total, the candidates' goal on election day is to win majority of 538 . or 270 electors. once the candidate  wins enough states to reach 279 majority ,they have won the election and become the us president elected.
so, let's recap, your vote helps your state choose the single candidate,that candidate recerives all the electors from your state .the candidate  who could win the enough states to reach 279 total vote electors wins the national election and become the president elect date.then on the following 1/ 20, the president elect is  sworn in as the next oresident of united states. and it all starts with your vote, make it count.
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