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[豆知识] 【整理】2009-04-26&05-02 美国人如何选总统?

提高英语听力能力 找对方法很重要!
homework

Every 4 years, Americans tour 18 or older have big responsibility. Our votesdecide who’d become the president of United States. Unfortunately, the US selectionsystem isn’t that simple. This is an electing of US president in plain English. It’seasy to imagine every USis votes be counted together on Election Day. But this is not the case. US electionsare not decided by the total or popular vote, but individual states. Let meexplain. It starts with your vote. On Election Day, you’ll vote for presidentand their vice president. You get one choice. Then all the votes in your statesare counted. The candidate with the state wide votes becomes the candidate yourstate supports for president. This happens across the country, until each statehas selected their candidate. We end up with the most 50 states and rest of Columbia voting to selectone candidate each. But there is a problem. We can not elect a president byjust counted on the choice of states. US states are different. Consider this, California has about 36 million people, Kansas has less than 3 million. We need away for California’schoice to have more influence on the election, because the state has morepeople. The question becomes how do we make sure each state has the rightamount of influence on the election. Well, we need a way to count for the populationof each state. As an example, Let’s consider my own state north kalian, likeevery state, it is divided up in a congressional districts that based onpopulation. North kalian has 13 districts, Californiahas 53, and Kansashas 4, when they comes to the influence on the election, the number ofdistricts matters most. More population equals more districts, equals moreinfluence. The influence a state has in the election is measured by the numberof electors. This number comes to numbers of districts in the state, plus thenumber of US senators, which is always 2. North kalian has 15 electors, while California has 55. Whena candidate wins the voting of a state, they win the state number of electors.That’s why big popular states can be so important to candidates. Their electorsadd up quickly. And the number of electors is what really matters. Here is whyif you add up the electors of all 50 states and the districts of Columbia, there are 538 in total. The candidates’ goal on the ElectionDay is to win the majority of 538, or 270 electors, once a candidate winsenough states, to reach the 270 majority, they have won the election and becomethe president elected. Yeah~
So, let’s recap. Your vote help your statechooses a single candidate, that candidate receives all the elector from yourstate. The candidate who can win enough states to reach 270 total electors winsthe national election and become the president elected. Then on the followingJanuary 20th, the president elected is swearing as the next president of United States.And all starts with your vote. Make it count.
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