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[豆知识] 【整理】2009-05-10&-5-16 因特网的发展历史 (1/2)

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Homework
The internet, in the year 2009, we send e-mails, make calls over the interenet and discuss topics we take interested in. Even our banking is going vritual. But what we take for granted today, were only a X idea 50 years ago. In order to understand how we got this far, let’s go back to 1957 when everything began.
Before 1957, computers only worked on one task a time. This called bach processing. Of course, this was quite in a factive. With computers getting bigger and bigger, they have to restore in special cold rooms. But, then the development couldn’t directly work on the computers anymore. Specialists have to be called in to help them. Programing at time working into a lot of menu work and the indirection to the computers let to a lot of bugs, wasting time and fraying the developer’s nerves.
The year 1957 worked a big change, a remote work could work directly on the computers. At the same time, the idea of time sharing came up. This is the first concept in computer technology to share the process part of one computer with mutiple users.
On October the 4th in the 1957, during the cold war, the first unmanned submit was send to the submite union. The fare of X get emerged. In order to secure America’s leading technology, the US found the defend advance to research in Feb. 1958. At that time, knowledge was only transferred by people. The  planned a large stile to computer work, in order to  knowledge transfer and  doubling already    reserch. This internet work would become the X. Furthermore, three other concepts were to be developed, which are foundamental for the history of the internet. The concept to the military net work by the rand corporation in America, the commercial network to the  in England, and the scientific network  in France. The scientific and the commercial network are the foundamental of the morden network.
Let’s begin with the , almost familiar of these networks. Its development began in 1966. Universities were generally quite  to put in front of the mainframe. This computer X control of the internet. At the same time, the  also served the  for the mainframe. Since only the X in a network, this was also called X subnet.
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