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[report整理] Words and Their Stories 2009-05-10

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[report整理] Words and Their Stories 2009-05-10

本帖最后由 qingchengshan 于 2009-5-11 09:28 编辑


Words and Their Stories

wordlover-2009-05-10




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Now, the VOA Special English program Words and Their Stories.

 

(MUSIC)

 

Expressions about water are almost as common as water itself. But many of the expressions using water have unpleasant meanings.

 

The expression "to be in hot water" is one of them. It is a very old expression. "Hot water" was used five hundred years ago to mean being in trouble. One story says it got that meaning from the custom of extremely throwing hot water down on enemies attacking a castle.

 

That no longer happens. But we still get in "hot water." When we are in "hot water," we are in trouble. It can be any kind of trouble--serious, or not so serious. A person who breaks a law can be in hot water with the police. A young boy can be in hot water with his mother, if he walks in a house with dirty shoes.

 

Being in "deep water" is almost the same as being in hot water. When you are in "deep water," you are in a difficult position. Imagine a person who cannot swim being thrown in water over his head.

 

You are in deep water when you are facing a problem that you do not have the ability to solve. You can be in deep water, for example, if you invest in stocks without knowing anything about the stock market.

 

"To keep your head above water" is a colorful expression that means staying out of debt. A company seeks to keep its head above water during economic hard times. A man who loses his job tries to keep his head above water until he finds a new job.

 

"Water over the dam" is another expression about a past event. It is something that is finished. It cannot be changed. The expression comes from the idea that water that has flowed over a dam cannot be brought back again.

 

When a friend is troubled by a mistake she has made, you might tell her to forget about it. You say it is water over the dam.

 

Another common expression, "to hold water," is about the strength or weakness of an idea or opinion that you may be arguing about. It probably comes from a way of testing the condition of a container. If it can hold water, it is strong and has no holes in it. If your agrument can hold water, it is strong and does not have any holes. If it does not hold water, then it is weak and not worth debating.

 

"Throwing cold water" also is an expression that deals with ideas or proposals. It means to not like an idea. For example, you want to buy a new car because the old one has some problems. But your wife "throws cold water" on the idea, because she says a new car costs too much.

 

(MUSIC)

 

This VOA Special English program, Words and Their Stories, was written by Marilyn Christiano. I'm Rich Kleinfeldt.

 

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home work

Now the VOa special English program Words and Their Stories.

Expression about water are almost common as water itself.But many expressions of using water have unexpected meanings.

The expression to be in "hot water" is one of them. It is an very old expression."hot water" was used 500 years ago to mean being in trouble. One story says it got it meaning from the custom through the extrem hot water down the enemys attacking the XX. Taht nolonger happens, but it get in hot water.When we are in hot water we are in trouble. It can be any kinds of trouble , serious or not so serious. A person who breaks a law can be in hot water with the police. A young boy can be hot water with his mother, if he works in the house with dirty clothes.

Being in "deep water" is the same almost being  with the "hot water". when you are in deep water you are in the difficult situation. In XX a person who can not swim being strong in water over his head. When you are in deep water that you have a problem that you can not to solve. You can be in deep water ,for example, if you invested in XX without knowing anything anout the XX market.

To keep your head above water is colorful expression that meaning stay out of det. A company trys to keep it head above water during the economic hard times. Among who loses his job trys to keep it head above water until he finds a new job.

water over the dam is other expression of the past event .it is something that fades that can not changed. The expressions come the idea water flu over the dam can not be broke back again. When a firend troubled by mistakes it must tell her what has happened. you see it is the water over dam.

Other common expression is to "hold the water"., is about the stress or weekness that you may be arguing about. It possibly comes from away of testing of the container. It is control water it is strong is has no holes in it. If arugment about the water it is strong that it has no holes. If it does not hold water and it is weak and it not worth XX.Throughing hold water , also hold the meaning the ideas. It meaning to not like the idea. For example, you want to buy a new  pole, cause the old one has some problems. But your wife threw the cold water, an idea she said a new car cost so much.
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Now the VOA Special English program Words and Their Stories
Expressions about water are almost as common as water itself. But many of the expressions using water have unpleasant meaning.

The expression to be in hot water is one of them. It is a very old expression. Hot water was used five hundred years ago to mean being in trouble. One story says it got that meaning from the custom of throwing extremely hot down only enemies attacking a castle. That no long happens. But we still get in hot water. When we are in hot water, we are in trouble. It can be any kind of trouble, serious or not so serious. A person who breaks a law can be in hot water with the police. A young boy can be in hot water with his mother if he walks in the house with dirty shoes.

Being in deep water is almost the same as being in hot water. When you are in deep water, you are in a difficult position. Imagine a person who can not swim being thrown in water over his head. You are in deep water when you are facing a problem that you do not ability to solve. You can be in deep water, for example, if you invest in stocks without knowing anything about the stock market.

To keep you head above water is a colorful expression that means staying out of debt. A company seeks to keep its head above water during economic hard time. A man who loses his job tries to keep his head above water until he finds a new job.

Water over the dam is another expression about a past event. It is something that is finished, it can not be changed. The expression comes from the idea that water that is flowed over a dam can not be brought back again. When a friend is troubled by a mistake she had made, you might tell her to forget about it. You say it is water over the dam.

Another common expression to hold the water is about the stress or weakness of an idea or opinion that you may be arguing about. It probably comes from a way of testing the condition of a container. If it can hold water, it is strong and has no holes in it. If your argument can hold water, it is strong and does not have any holes. If it does not hold water, then it is weak and not worth debating.

Throwing cold water also is an expression that deals with ideas or proposals. It means to not like an idea. For example, you want to buy a new car, because the old one has some problems. But your wife throws cold water on the idea because she says a new car costs too much.

This VOA Special English program Words and Their Stories was written by Mellon Christiana. I’m Rich Frankfort.
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本帖最后由 putongfriend 于 2009-5-10 09:58 编辑

Homework


Words and Their Stories



(Sunday, May 10, 2009)



Now the VOA Special English program, Words and Their Stories.

Expressions about water are almost as common as water itself. But many of the expressions using water have unpleasant meanings.

The expression to be in hot water is one of them. It is a very old expression. Hot water was used five hundred years ago to mean being in trouble. One story says it got that meaning from the custom of throwing extremely hot water down on enemies attacking a castle.

That no longer happens. But we still get in hot water.When we are in hot water, we are in trouble. It can be any kind of trouble – serious, or not so serious. A person who breaks a law can be in hot water with the police. A young boy can be in hot water with his mother, if he walks in the house with dirty shoes.

Being in deep water is almost the same as being in hot water. When you are in deep water,you are in a difficult position. Imagine a person who cannot swim being thrown in water over his head.

You are in deep water when you are facing a problem that you do not have the ability to solve. You can be in deep water, for example, if you invest in stocks without knowing anything about the stock market.

To keep your head above water is a colorful expression that means staying out of debt. A company seeks to keep its head above water during economic hard times. A man who loses his job tries to keep his head above water until he finds a new job.

Water over the dam is another expression about a past event.It is something that is finished. It cannot be changed. The expression comes from the idea that water that has flowed over a dam cannot be brought back again.

When a friend is troubled by a mistake she has made, you might tell her to forget about it. You say it is water over the dam.

Another common expression, to hold water, is about the strength or weakness of an idea or opinion that you may be arguing about. It probably comes from a way of testing the condition of a container. If it can hold water, it is strong and has no holes in it. If your argument can hold water, it is strong and does not have any holes. If it does not hold water, then it is weak and not worth debating.

Throwing cold water also is an expression that deals with ideas or proposals. It means to not like an idea. For example, you want to buy a new car because the old one has some problems. But your wife throws cold water on the idea because she says a new car costs too much.

This VOA SpecialEnglish program, Words and Their Stories, was written by Marilyn Christiano.I'm Rich Kleinfeldt.
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本帖最后由 啊修罗 于 2009-5-10 10:53 编辑

Now the VOA special English program: words and their stories.
Expressions about water are almost as common as water itself, but many of the expressions using water have unpleasant meanings.

The expression to be in hot water is one of them. It is very old expression. Hot water was used 500 years ago to mean be in trouble. One story says it got that meaning from the custom of throwing extremely hot water down on enemies attacking a castle that no longer happens. But we still get in hot water. When we are in hot water we are in trouble, it can be any kind of trouble serious or not so serious. A person who breaks a law can be in hot water with the police. A young boy can be in trouble with his mother if he walks in the house with dirty shoes.

Be in deep water is almost the thing as be in hot water. When you are in deep water you are in a difficult position. Imagine a person who can not swim being thrown water over his head. You are in deep water when you are facing a problem that you do no have the ability to solve. You can be in deep water for example if you investing stock without meaning anything about the stock market.

To keep your head above water in a colorful expression that mean stand out of dead. A company seeks to keep his head above water during economic hard times. A man who loses his job tries to keep his head above water until he finds a new job.

Water over the dam is another expression about past events. It is something that it finished, it can not be changed. The expression comes form the idea that watch has flowed over a dam can not be burke back again. When a friend is troubled by a mistake he has made, you may tell her to forget about it, you say it is water over the dam.

Another common expression to hold water is about the strength or weakness of an idea or opinion that you may be arguing about. It is probably comes from a way of testing the condition of container. If you can hold water it is strong and has no holes in it. If your argument can hold water, it is strong and this not has any holes. If you does not hold water then it is weak and not worth debating.

Throwing cold water also is an expression deals with the ideas proposes. It means it not like an idea. For example you want to buy a new car because the old one has some problems, but your wife throws cold water on the idea, because she says new car cost too much.
homework

Now,the VOA Speical English Prgram,Words and their Stories.Expressions about water are almost as common as water itself.But many of the expressions using water have unpleasant meanings.

The expression "to be in hot water" is one of them.It is a very old expression.Hot water was used five hundred years ago to mean being in troulbe.One story says it got that meaning from the custom of throwing extremely hot water down on enemies attacking a castle.That no longer happened,but we still get in hot water.

When we are in hot water,we are in trouble.It can be any kind of trouble,serious or not so serious.A person who breaks a law can be in hot water with the police.A young boy can be in hot water with his mother if he walks in the house with dirty shoes.

"Be in deep water" is almost the same as "be in hot water".When you are in deep water you are in a difficult position.Image a person who can not swim being thrown in water over his head.You are in deep water when you are facing a problem that you do not have the ability to solve.You can be in deep water,for example,if you invest in stocks without knowing anything about the stock market.

"To keep your head above water" is a colourful expression that means staying out of debt.A company seeks to keep its head above water during economic hard times.A man who loses his job tries to keep his head above water until he finds a new job.

"Water over the dam" is another expression about a past event.It is something that is finished.It can not be changed.The expression comes from the idea that water that has flowed over a dam can not be brougt back again.When a friend is troubled by a mistake she has made,you maight tell her to forget about it,you say "it is water over the dam."

Another common expression "to hold water" is about the strength or weakness of an idea or opinion that you may be arguing about.It probably comes from a way of testing the condition of a container.If it can hold water,it is strong and has no holes in it.If your argument can hold water,it is strong and does not have any holes.If it does not hold water,then it is weak and not worth debating.

"Throw cold water" also is an expression that deals with ideas or proposals.It means to not like an idea.For example,you want to buy a new car because the old one has some problems.But your wife throws cold water on the idea because she says a new car costs too much.
homework
Expresstions about water are almost as common as water itself.But many of the expresstions using water have unpleasant meanings.The expresstion to be in hot water is one of them,it's an very old expression.Hot water was used 500 years ago to mean being in trouble.One story says it got that meaning from the custom of throwing extremly hot water down on enemies attacking the castle.That no longer happens, but we still get in hot water. When we are in hot water,we are in trouble.It can be any kind of trouble,serious or not so serious.a person who breaks a law can be in hot water with the police,a young boy can be in hot water with his mother if you walks in the house with dirty shoes.being in deep water is almost the same as being in hot water.When you are deep water you are in a diffcult positon. Imagine a person who can not swim being thrown in water over his head.You are in deep water when you are facing a problem that you do not have the ability to solve.You can be in deep water, for example,if you investing in stocks without knowing anything about the stock market,to keep your head above water is a colorful expresstion that means staying out of dead.A company seeks to keep its head above water during economic hard times,a man who looses his job trys to keep his head above water until he finds a new job.Water over the damn is another expresstion about past event,it is something finished,it can't be changed.The expresstion comes from the idea that water flow over the damn can not be brought back again.When a friend is troubled by a mistake she has made.you might tell her to forget about it, you say it is water over the damn, another common expression to hold water is about the strength or weakness of an idea or opion that you may be arguing about,it probably come from a way of testing the condition of a container.If it can hold water,it is strong and has no holes in it.If your argument can hold water, it is strong and does not have any holes, if it does not hold water,then it is weak and not worth defending.Throwing cold water also is  an expression that deals with ideas or proposals, it means to not like an idea.  for example, you want to buy a new car becuse the old one has some problems,but you wife throws cold water over the idea because she says a new car costs too much.
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homework

Now,the VOA Speical English Prgram,Words and their Stories.Expressions about water are almost as common as water itself.But many of the expressions using water have unpleasant meanings.

The expression "to be in hot water" is one of them.It is a very old expression.Hot water was used five hundred years ago to mean being in troulbe.One story says it got that meaning from the custom of throwing extremely hot water down on enemies attacking a castle.That no longer happened,but we still get in hot water.

When we are in hot water,we are in trouble.It can be any kind of trouble,serious or not so serious.A person who breaks a law can be in hot water with the police.A young boy can be in hot water with his mother if he walks in the house with dirty shoes.

"Be in deep water" is almost the same as "be in hot water".When you are in deep water you are in a difficult position.Image a person who can not swim being thrown in water over his head.You are in deep water when you are facing a problem that you do not have the ability to solve.You can be in deep water,for example,if you invest in stocks without knowing anything about the stock market.

"To keep your head above water" is a colourful expression that means staying out of debt.A company seeks to keep its head above water during economic hard times.A man who loses his job tries to keep his head above water until he finds a new job.

"Water over the dam" is another expression about a past event.It is something that is finished.It can not be changed.The expression comes from the idea that water that has flowed over a dam can not be brougt back again.When a friend is troubled by a mistake she has made,you maight tell her to forget about it,you say "it is water over the dam."

Another common expression "to hold water" is about the strength or weakness of an idea or opinion that you may be arguing about.It probably comes from a way of testing the condition of a container.If it can hold water,it is strong and has no holes in it.If your argument can hold water,it is strong and does not have any holes.If it does not hold water,then it is weak and not worth debating.

"Throw cold water" also is an expression that deals with ideas or proposals.It means to not like an idea.For example,you want to buy a new car because the old one has some problems.But your wife throws cold water on the idea because she says a new car costs too much.
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Now the VOA Special English program Words and Their Stories
Expressions about water are almost as common as water itself. But many of the expressions using water have unpleasant meanings.

The expression to be in hot water is one of them. It is a very old expression. Hot water was used five hundred years ago to mean being in trouble. One story says it got that meaning from the custom of throwing extremely hot water down only enemies attacking a castle. That no longer happens. But we still get in hot water. When we are in hot water, we are in trouble. It can be any kind of trouble, serious or not so serious. A person who breaks a law can be in hot water with the police. A young boy can be in hot water with his mother if he walks in the house with dirty shoes.

Being in deep water is almost the same as being in hot water. When you are in deep water, you are in a difficult position. Imagine a person who can not swim being thrown in water over his head. You are in deep water when you are facing a problem that you do not have the ability to solve. You can be in deep water, for example, if you invest in stocks without knowing anything about the stock market.

To keep you head above water is a colorful expression that means staying out of debt. A company seeks to keep its head above water during economic hard time. A man who loses his job tries to keep his head above water until he finds a new job.

Water over the dam is another expression about a past event. It is something that is finished, it can not be changed. The expression comes from the idea that water that is flowed over a dam can not be brought back again. When a friend is troubled by a mistake she has made, you might tell her to forget about it. You say it is water over the dam.

Another common expression to hold the water is about the stress or weakness of an idea or opinion that you may be arguing about. It probably comes from a way of testing the condition of a container. If it can hold water, it is strong and has no holes in it. If your argument can hold water, it is strong and does not have any holes. If it does not hold water, then it is weak and not worth debating.

Throwing cold water also is an expression that deals with ideas or proposals. It means to not like an idea. For example, you want to buy a new car, because the old one has some problems. But your wife throws cold water on the idea because she says a new car costs too much.

This VOA Special English program Words and Their Stories was written by Mellon Christiana. I’m Rich Frankfort.
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  • dklove

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Now the VOA special English program Words and Their Stories.

Expressions about water are almost as common as water itself.But many of the expressions  using water have unpleasent meanings.

The expression "to be in hot water" is one of them. It is an very old expression."hot water" was used 500 years ago to mean being in trouble. One story says it got that meaning from the custom of throwning  extreamly hot water down on enemys attacking a  castle. That no longer happens, but we still get in hot water.When we are in hot water we are in trouble. It can be any kind of trouble , serious or not so serious. A person who breaks a law can be in hot water with the police. A young boy can be in hot water with his mother, if he works in the house with dirty shoes.

"Being in deep water" is almost the same as  being in "hot water". when you are in deep water you are in a difficult position. Imagine a person who can not swim being thrown in water over his head.  you are in deep water when you are facing a  problem that you do not have the ability to solve.You can be in deep water ,for example, if you invested in stocks without knowing anything about the stock market.

"To keep your head above water" is a colorful expression that meaning stay out of debt. A company seizes to keep it head above water during economic hard times. A man who loses his job trys to keep his head above water until he finds a new job.

water over the dam is another expression about  the past event .it is something that finished  that can not be changed. The expressions comes from the idea that water that he flows over the dam can not be brought back again. When a firend is troubled by a mistake he has made you might tell her to forget about it . you say  it is water over the dam.

Another common expression  "to hold water" is about the strength or weekness of an idea or opinion that you may be arguing about. It possibly comes from away of testing the condition of a container. If it can hold water it is strong and has no holes in it . If your arugment can hold water it is strong and does not have any holes. If it does not hold water then  it is weak and  not worth debating."Throwning cold water" , also is an expression that deals with ideas or proposals. It means to not like an idea. For example, you want to buy a new  car  because the old one has some problems. But your wife throws cold water on the idea because she says a new car costs too much.
HOMEWORK
Now the VOA special English program words and their stories.
Expressions about water are almost as common as itself.But many of the expressions using water have unpleasant meanings.
The expression to be in hot water is one of them.It is a very old expression.Hot water was used 500 years ago to mean being in trouble.One story says it got that meaning from the custom of throwing extremely hot water down on enemies attacking a castle.That on longer happens but we still get in hot water.When we are in hot water,we are in troubel.It can be any kind of trouble:serious or not so serious.A person who breaks a law can be in hot water with the police.A young boy can be in hot water with his mohter if he walks in the house with dirty shoes.
Being in deep water is almost the same as being in hot water.When you are in deep water, you are in a diffcult position.Imagine a person who can not swim being thrown in water over his head.You are in deep water when you are facing a problem that you do not have the ability to solve.You can be in deep water for example if you invest in stocks without knowing anything about the stock market.
To keep your head above water is a colorful expression that means staying out of debt.A company seeks to keep its head above water during economic hard times.A man who loses his job tries to keep his head above water until he finds a new job.
Water over the dam is another expression about past event.It is something that is finished.It can not be changed.The expression comes from the idea that water has flowed over a dam can not be brought back again.When a friend is troubled by a mistake she has made you might tell her to forget about it.You say it is water over the dam.
Another common expression to hold water is about the  stress  or weakness of an idea or opinion that you may be arguing about.It probably comes from a way of testing the condition of container.If it can hold water,it is strong and has no holes in it.If your argument can hold water it is strong and does not have any holes.If it is not hold water,then it is weak and not worth debating.
Throwing cold water also is a expression that deals with ideas or proposals.It means to not like an idea.For example you want to buy a new car because the old one has some problems.But your wife throws cold water on the idea because she says a new car costs too much .
homework
      Now the VOA Special English program Words and Their Stories
      Expressions about water are almost as common as water itself. But many of the expressions using water have unpleasant meanings. The expression to be in hot water is one of them. It is a very old expression. Hot water was used five hundred years ago to mean being in trouble. One story says it got that meaning from the custom of throwing extremely hot water down on enemies attacking a castle. That no long happens. But we still get in hot water. When we are in hot water, we are in trouble. It can be any kind of trouble, serious or not so serious. A person who breaks a law can be in hot water with the police. A young boy can be in hot water with his mother if he walks in the house with dirty shoes. Being in deep water is almost the same as being in hot water. When you are in deep water, you are in a difficult position. Imagine a person who can not swim being thrown in water over his head. You are in deep water when you are facing a problem that you do not have the ability to solve. You can be in deep water, for example, if you invest in stocks without knowing anything about the stock market. To keep you head above water is a colorful expression that means staying out of debt. A company seeks to keep its head above water during economic hard times. A man who loses his job tries to keep his head above water until he finds a new job. Water over the dam is another expression about a past event. It is something that is finished. It can not be changed. The expression comes from the idea that water that is flowed over a dam can not be brought back again. When a friend is troubled by a mistake she has made, you might tell her to forget about it. You say it is water over the dam. Another common expression to hold the water is about the strength or weakness of an idea or opinion that you may be arguing about. It probably comes from a way of testing the condition of a container. If it can hold water, it is strong and has no holes in it. If your argument can hold water, it is strong and does not have any holes. If it does not hold water, then it is weak and not worth debating. Throwing cold water also is an expression that deals with ideas or proposals. It means to not like an idea. For example, you want to buy a new car, because the old one has some problems. But your wife throws cold water on the idea because she says a new car costs too much.
      This VOA Special English program Words and Their Stories was written by Mellon Christiana. I’m Rich Frankfort.
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Now the VOA Special English Program Words and Their Stories




Expressions about water are almost as common as water itself. But many of the expressions using water have unpleasant meanings. The expression "to be in hot water" is one of them. It is a very old expression. Hot water was used 500 years ago to mean being in trouble. One story says it got that meaning from the custom of throwing extremely hot water down on enemies attacking a castle. That no longer happens, but we still get in hot water. When we are in hot water we are in trouble. It can be any kind of trouble, serious or not so serious. A person who breaks a law can be in hot water with the police. A young boy can be in hot water with his mother if he walks in the house with dirty shoes.



Being in deep water is almost the same as being in hot water. when you are in deep water, you are in a difficult position. Imagine a person who cannot swim being thrown in water over his head, you are in deep water when you are facing a problem that you do not have the ability to solve. You can be in deep water, for example, if you invest in stocks without knowing anything about the stock market.



To keep your head above water is a colorful expression that means staying out of debt. A company seeks to keep its head above water during economic hard times. A man who loses his job tries to keep his head above water until he finds a new job.



Water over the dam is another expression about a past event. It is something that is finished. It can not be changed. The expression comes from the idea that water that has flowed over a dam can not be brought back again. When a friend is troubled by a mistake she has made, you might tell her to forget about it. You say, it is water over the dam.



Another common expression to hold /the/ water is about the strength or weakness of an idea or a opinion that you maybe arguing about. It probably comes from a way of testing the condition of a container. If it can hold water, it is strong and has no holes in it. If your argument can hold water, it is strong and does not have any holes. If it does not hold water, then, it is weak and not worth debating.



Throwing cold water also is an expression that deals with ideas or proposals. It means to not like an idea, for example, you want to buy a new car because the old one has some problems, but your wife throws cold water on the idea, because she says a new car costs too much.



This VOA Special English Program Words and Their Stories was written by Mellon Christiana. I'm Rich Frankfort.
Homework
Now  the VOA Special English program words and their stories.
Expressions  about water are almost as common has water itself.But many of the expressions using water have unpleasant meanings. The expression "To be hot water is water are one of them."It is very old  expression.hot water is used 500 years ago to meanings
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now the VOA special english programms--word and expression

expressions about water are almost as common as water itself, but many expression using in water have unpleasant meanings.the expression " to be in the hard water" is one of them, it's a very old expression. hard water was used in 500 years to mean being in the
trouble.one story  says it got that meaning from the customs of throwing extremly  hard water down an enemies attacking that  no longer happens, but it still get in the hot water.
when we are in hot water, we are in the trouble . it can be any kind of trouble, serious or not so serious.a person who breaks the law can be in hot water with police. a young boy can be in hot water with his mother, if he walks into house with dirty shoes. being in deep water is almost the same as being in hot water.when you are in deep water , you are in difficult position.iamge a person who can not swim being thrown in water over his head.you are in deep water, when you are facing a problem that you donot have the
ability to ~~. you can be in deep water, if you are investing in stocks, without knowing anything about the stock market . to keep your head above the water is colorful exppression of meaing stay out of debut. a company seeks to keep its head above water during economic hard times. a man who loses his job tries to keep his head above the water until he finds his new job. water over the dam is another expression about past event. it is something that is finished ,it cannot be changed .the expression comes from the idea that water that flowed the dam cannot be brougt back again.when a friend is in trouble by a mistake she has made.you might tell her to forget about it, you said it is water over the dam. another common expression " to hold water" is about the strenghth or weakness of an idea or an opinon that you argue about, you probably comes from a way of testing convention of container about. if it can hold water, it is strong and has no holes in it, if you arguement can hold water, it is strong and does not have any holes. if it does not hold the water,then it's weak  and not worth debating it. throwing the cold water also is an expression that deals with ideas or proposals.it means to not like an idea.. for examples, you want to buy a new car,because the old one has some problem. but you wife throws cold water on the idea, because she says a new car costs too much.
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