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[探索发现] 【整理】2009-08-05 Ancient Egypt 走进埃及金字塔-7

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[探索发现] 【整理】2009-08-05 Ancient Egypt 走进埃及金字塔-7

本帖最后由 sylvia_qian 于 2009-9-13 17:15 编辑

Seven Wonders of Ancient Egypt 探秘古埃及金字塔


At the dawn of history, the ancient Egyptians showed the world how to build the impossible wonders. In this fascinating documentary special we uncover the secrets of Ancient Egypt Pharaoh, engineers and architects and bring to life great buildings and the ancient Egyptians saw them - towering over their great civilization in the history of Africa, and perhaps the world...






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【整理】Ancient Egypt   by lurker

 

At the center is a hypostyle hall, containing a forest of gigantic columns, some of them 70 feet high, with capital so big that 50 people could stand on one of them. There are obelisks, one of them the largest standing in Egypt. There are vast statues of kings; their egos frozen in stone. And there are monumental gateways in the vast entrances, pylons.

They are the largest in Egypt and decorated like giant billboards with incredible stone carvings. Standing up to 100 feet high, it's a marvel that they would build without cranes of any kind. A clue to their construction still survives.

The vast wall of this pylon was never finished; and when the work was abandoned, the ancient Egyptians left behind the clues to how it was built. The mud ramp proves that they used vast earth structures built up against the wall to drag the stones up to the top.”

Building to an enormous scale never daunted the kings of ancient Egypt. Each king set out to surpass the last.

When an ancient Egyptian came to the temple, he is likely to see the name of the latest pharaoh on the front. And a generation later, you have exactly the same thing. You rebuild, you improve, you make better.

Karnak was about rivalry and competition, and obelisks were a measure of this. Obelisks marked the first rays of the day's sunlight, and Hatchepsut made sure hers outshone her father's, Thatmose I.  At 96 feet high, Hatchepsut's is the tallest surviving obelisk in Egypt. Weighing 323 tons, it was carved from one single piece of granite 400 miles away at Aswan, here lay the highly priced granite quarries. How were the ancient Egyptians able to cut such a hard stone?

This is a piece of dolerite. It's a naturally occurring pebble. Essentially what they did is they pounded the surface with this stone. And every time they did, they took minute fragment of the stone surface away. Working day and night in crews, they slowly but truly would have dug channels like this. So, at one point, they could break it away from the living rock, put it on a boat, and take it down to wherever the obelisk was supposed to be delivered.

普特在线文本比较普特在线听音查字普特在线拼写检查普特文本转音频

本帖最后由 arnosue 于 2009-8-5 10:17 编辑

HW

At the center is a hyper style hole, containing of a forest of gigantic columns. Some of them 70 feet high.With capital so big that 50 people could stand on one of them.There are obelisks. One of them, the largest standing in Egypt. There are vast statues of kings that eagles frozen stone and there are monumental gateways in the vast entrances,pylons. They are the largest in Egypt and decorated like giant billboards with incredible stone carvings. Standing up to 100 feet high,it's a marvel that they were built without cranes of any kind. A clue to their construction still survives.

"The vast wall of this pylon was never finished and when they were abandoned.Ancient Egyptians left behind the clues to hardwoods built.The mud ramp proves they used vast earth structures built up against wall to drag the stone up to the top."

Building to an enormous scale never daunted the kings of ancient Egypt. Each king set up to surpass the last.

"When an ancient Egyptian came to the temple,he's likely to see the name of the latest pharaoh on the front.And a generation later, you have exactly the same thing.You rebuild, you improve, you make better."

Karnak was above rivals re-in competition.And obelisks were a measure of this. Obelisks marked the first raise of the day's sunlight.And Hatchepsut made sure her's outshone her father's,Thatmost I. At 96 feet high, Hatchepsut's is the tallest surviving obelisk in Egypt.Weighing 323 tons, it was carved from one single piece of granite,400 miles away at Aswan.

Here laid the highly prized granite quarriers.How would an ancient Egyptian is able to cut such a hard stone?

"This is a piece of dolerite,it is a naturally current pebble, essentially what they did is they pounded the surface,with this stone, and every time they did, they took minute fragment of the stone's surface away, working day and night in crews,they ** but surely would have dug channels like this.So at one point, they could break it away from the living rock,put it on the boat and take it down to wherever the obelisk was supposed to be delivered."
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on arnosue

At the center is a hyper-style hall, containing a forest of gigantic columns, some of them 70 feet high, with capital so big that 50 people could stand on one of them. There are 0belisks, one of them the largest standing in Egypt. There are vast statues of kings,  their egos frozen in stone. And there are monumental gateways in the vast entrances, Pylons.

They are the largest in Egypt, and decorated like giant billboards with incredible stone carvings. Standing up to 100 feet high, it's a marvel that they were built without cranes of any kind, a clue to their construction still survives.

"the vast wall of this pylon was never finished, and when the wall was abandoned, ancient Egyptians left behind clues to how it was built. The mud ramp proves they used vast earth structures built up against wall to drag the stones up to the top.

Building to an enormous scale never daunted the kings of Egypt. Each king set out to surpass the last.

" When an ancient Egyptian came to the temple, he is likely to see the name of the latest pharaoh on the front. and a generation later, you have exactly the same thing. You rebuild, you improve, you make better"

Carnak was about rivalry and competition, and obelisks were a measure of this. Obelisks marked the first rays of the day's sunlight, and Hashek made sure her's out-shine her father's, Thatmost I. At 96 feet high, Hatchepsut's is the highest surviving obelisk in Egypt. Weighing 323 tons, it was carved from one single piece of granite 400 miles away at Oswan, here laid the highly priced granite quarries. How would the ancient Egyptians able to cut such hard stone?

"this is a piece dolerite, it's a naturally occurring pebble, essentially what they did is they pounded the surface with this stone, and every time they did, they took minute fragment of the stone surface away, working day and night, in crews, they slowly but surely would have dug the channels like this. So, at one point, they could break it away from the living rock, put it on a boat, and take it down to wherever the oblisk was supposed to be delivered.
1

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实现无障碍英语沟通
HOMEWORK

At the center is a hypostyle hall, containing a forest of gigantic columns. Some of them 70 feet high, with capitals so big that 50 people could stand on one of them. There are obelisks, one of the largest standing in Egypt. There are vast statues of kings. Their eagles froze their stone. And there are monumental gateways on the vast entrances, pylons. They are the largest in Egypt, decorated like giant billboards with incredible stone carvings. Standing up to 100 feet high, it’s a marvel that ever built without cranes of any kind. A clue to their construction still survives.

The vast wall of this pylon was never finished and when the work was abandoned, ancient Egyptians left behind the clue that the wall was built. The mud ramp proves that they used vast earth structures built up against the wall to drag the stones up to the top.

Building to an enormous scale never daunted the kings of the ancient Egypt. Each king set out to surpass the last.

When an ancient Egyptian came to the temple, he’s likely to see the name of the latest pharaoh on the front. And a generation later, you’ll have exactly the same thing. You rebuild, you improve, you make better.

Karnak was above rivalry and competition. And obelisks were a measure of this. Obelisks mark the first raise of the day sunlight. And Hatchepsut made sure her's outshone her father's,Thatmost I. At 96 feet high, Hatchepsut’s is the tallest obelisk in Egypt. Weighing 323 tons, it was carved from one single piece of granite, 400 miles away at Aswan. Here laid the highly prized granite quarries. How would the ancient Egyptians able to cut such a hard stone?

"This is a piece of dolerite, it is a naturally current pebble, essentially what they did is they pounded the surface, with this stone, and every time they did, they took minute fragment of the stone's surface away. Working day and night in crews, they /// would have dug channels like this. So at one point, they could break it away from the living rock, put it on the boat and take it down to wherever the obelisk was supposed to be delivered."
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Homework
At the center is a hyper style hall, containing a forest gigantic columns, some of them are 70 feet’s high with capital so big that 50 people could stand on one of them. There are** one of them the largest standing in Egypt. There are vast statues of kings, the eagles flown in stone and a monumental gateways and vast entrances, Pilons , they are the largest in Egypt and decorated like a giant billboard with incredible stone carvings. Standing up to a hundred feet high, it’s a marvelous that it will built without clay of any kind. A clue to their construction still survives.

The vast wall of this ** is never finished when the wall is abandoned. Ancient Egyptians left behind clues the height was built. The mud run proofs they used vast earth structures built up against the wall. So drag the stones up to the top.

  Building to an enormous scale never daunted the king of ancient Egypt. Each king set up to surpass the last.

  When ancient Egyptians came to the temple he is likely to see the name of the latest Pharaoh on the front, and a generation later, you have exactly the same thing. You rebuild, you improve, you make better.

  Common was about rival re in competition and obelisks(该词参考楼上的) would re measure of this. Obelisks marked the first raise of the day’s sun light. And Hatchepsut made sure hers outshine her father’s, Thatmost I. At 69 feet high Hatchepsut serves as the tallest surviving obelisk in Egypt. Weighting 323 tons it was cut from one piece of single granite,
400 miles away at Aswan.
  
  Here laid the highly prized granite quarries. How would the ancient Egyptian able to cut such a hard stone?

  This is a piece of Dolerite(该词参考楼上的) It’s a unnaturally carving pebble. Essentially what they did is they pounded the surface with this stone. And every time they did they took minute fragment of stone surface away. Working day and night, includes, they slowly but surely would have dug channels like this. So at one point, they can break it away from the living rock, put it on a boat and take it down to whatever the
Obelisks are supposed to be deliveried.
切磋技艺,共同进步。

on tony

本帖最后由 lurker2006 于 2009-8-5 14:24 编辑

At the center is a hyper-style hall, containing a forest of gigantic columns, some of them 70 feet high, with capital so big that 50 people could stand on one of them. There are 0belisks, one of them the largest standing in Egypt. There are vast statues of kings,  their egos frozen in stone. And there are monumental gateways in the vast entrances, Pylons.

They are the largest in Egypt, and decorated like giant billboards with incredible stone carvings. Standing up to 100 feet high, it's a marvel that they were built without cranes of any kind, a clue to their construction still survives.

"the vast wall of this pylon was never finished, and when the wall was abandoned, ancient Egyptians left behind clues to how it was built. The mud ramp proves that they used vast earth structures built up against the wall to drag the stones up to the top.

Building to an enormous scale never daunted the kings of Egypt. Each king set out to surpass the last.

" When an ancient Egyptian came to the temple, he is likely to see the name of the latest pharaoh on the front. and a generation later, you have exactly the same thing. You rebuild, you improve, you make better"

Carnak was about rivalry and competition, and obelisks were a measure of this. Obelisks marked the first rays of the day's sunlight, and Hashek made sure her's out-shone her father's, Thatmost I. At 96 feet high, Hatchepsut's is the highest surviving obelisk in Egypt. Weighing 323 tons, it was carved from one single piece of granite 400 miles away at Oswan, here laid the highly priced granite quarries. How would the ancient Egyptians able to cut such a hard stone?

"This is a piece of dolerite, it's a naturally occurring pebble, essentially what they did is they pounded the surface with this stone, and every time they did, they took minute fragment of the stone surface away, working day and night, in crews, they slowly but surely would have dug channels like this. So, at one point, they could break it away from the living rock, put it on a boat, and take it down to wherever the oblisk was supposed to be delivered.



-------------------------
哎,鱼鱼,你好歹写下on谁撒---sylvia

忘记了...老了健忘
行到水穷处      坐看云起时

on lurker

 

At the center is a hyper-style hall, containing a forest of gigantic columns, some of them 70 feet high, with capital so big that 50 people could stand on one of them. There are obelisks, one of them the largest standing in Egypt. There are vast statues of kings, their egos frozen in stone. And there are monumental gateways in the vast entrances, Pylons.

 

They are the largest in Egypt, and decorated like giant billboards with incredible stone carvings. Standing up to 100 feet high, it's a marvel that they were built without cranes of any kind, a clue to their construction still survives.

 

"The vast wall of this pylon was never finished, and when the wall was abandoned, the ancient Egyptians left behind a clue, is to how it was built. The mud ramp proves that they used vast earth structures built up against the wall to drag the stones up to the top.”

 

Building to an enormous scale never daunted the kings of ancient Egypt. Each king set out to surpass the last.

 

"When an ancient Egyptian came to the temple, he is likely to see the name of the latest pharaoh on the front. And a generation later, you have exactly the same thing. You rebuild, you improve, you make better."

 

Carnak was about rivalry and competition, and obelisks were a measure of this. Obelisks marked the first rays of the day's sunlight, and Hashek made sure hers out-shone her father's, Thatmost I. At 96 feet high, Hatchepsut's is the tallest surviving obelisk in Egypt. Weighing 323 tons, it was carved from one single piece of granite 400 miles away at Aswan, here laid the highly priced granite quarries. How would the ancient Egyptians able to cut such a hard stone?

 

"This is a piece of dolerite, it's a naturally occurring pebble, essentially what they did is they pounded the surface with this stone, and every time they did, they took minute fragment of the stone surface away, working day and night, in crews, they slowly but surely would have dug channels like this. So, at one point, they could break it away from the living rock, put it on a boat, and take it down to wherever the obelisk was supposed to be delivered.

 

实现无障碍英语沟通
Homework

At the center is a hyper-style hole(?) containing a forest of gigantic columns, some of them 70 feet high, with capital so big that 50 people could stand on one of them. The obelisks, one of them the largest standing in Egypt, the vast statues of Kings that eagles(?) frozement(?) stone, under the monumental gateways of vast entrances - pylons. They are the largest in Egypt and decorated like giant * with incredible stone carvings. Standing up 200 feet high, it's a marvel that it was built without cranes of any kind. A clue to the construction still survives.

"The vast wall of this pylon was never finished and when the wall(?) was abandoned the Ancient Egyptians left behind the clues to how it was built. The mud ramp proves that they used vast earth structures built up against the wall to drag the stones up to the top."

Building it was a normal skill never daunt the kings of Ancient Egypt. Each king set out the path to last.

"When an Ancient Egyptian came to the temple, he's likely to see the name of the latest Pharaoh on the front and a generation later you have exactly the same thing. You rebuild, you reprove, you make better."

Karnak was about rival reign competition and obelisks were a major rebirth. Obelisks mark the first raise of the day's sunlight and Hatshepsut make sure hers outshone her father's Thutmose I. At 96 feet high, Hatshepsut's is the tallest surviving obelisk in Egypt. Weighing 326 tons, it was carved from one single piece of granite 400 miles away at Aswan. Here laid the highly prized granite *. How were the Ancient Egyptians able to cut such hard stone?

"This a piece of dolerite, it's a naturally curving *, * what did is they * the surface with this stone, and every time they did it they took a(?) new fragment of the stone's surface away. Working day and night in cruise, they * truly would have dug channels like this. So an one point they can break it away from the living rock, put it on the boat, and take it down to where the obelisk was supposed to deliver. "
普特听力大课堂
on sylvia_qian

At the center is a hypostyle hall, containing a forest of gigantic columns, some of them 70 feet high, with capital so big that 50 people could stand on one of them. There are obelisks, one of them the largest standing in Egypt. There are vast statues of kings, their egos frozen in stone. And there are monumental gateways in the vast entrances, Pylons.

They are the largest in Egypt, and decorated like giant billboards with incredible stone carvings. Standing up to 100 feet high, it's a marvel that they were built without cranes of any kind. A clue to their construction still survives.

"The vast wall of this pylon was never finished, and when the wall was abandoned, ancient Egyptians left behind the clues to how it was built. The mud ramp proves that they used vast earth structures built up against the wall to drag the stones up to the top.”

Building to an enormous scale never daunted the kings of ancient Egypt. Each king set out to surpass the last.

"When an ancient Egyptian came to the temple, he is likely to see the name of the latest pharaoh on the front. And a generation later, you have exactly the same thing. You rebuild, you improve, you make better."

Karnak was about rivalry and competition, and obelisks were a measure of this. Obelisks marked the first rays of the day's sunlight, and Hatchepsut made sure hers outshone her father's, Thatmost I. At 96 feet high, Hatchepsut's is the tallest surviving obelisk in Egypt. Weighing 323 tons, it was carved from one single piece of granite 400 miles away at Aswan, here lay the highly priced granite quarries. How were the ancient Egyptians able to cut such a hard stone?

"This is a piece of dolerite. It's a naturally occurring pebble. Essentially what they did is they pounded the surface with this stone, and every time they did, they took minute fragment of the stone surface away. Working day and night in crews, they slowly but surely would have dug channels like this. So, at one point, they could break it away from the living rock, put it on a boat, and take it down to wherever the obelisk was supposed to be delivered.
好栏目推荐之美国口语俚语
at the center is the hypostyle hall containing forest gangantic colums, some of them are seven feet high, with capital so big that 50 peole can stand one of them. there are obelisks. one of them  the largest standing egipt . they are vastly statue of kings they are eager from stone and the monumental gateways vast entrances. pylons . there are the largest egypty and decorated like gangitan billbord with incredible stone carvings, standing up to hundred feet high . it is a marvel bulit without cranes or any kinds including constructions still survives. the vast walls  and pylons was never fininshed when the war was abandoned. the ancient egipty behind the clues the higher was bulit . the mud round proved to use vast earth stuctures bulit up against the walls, to drag stones up to the top, buliding to ennorous scale never daunted the kings of ancient egipty . each king set up a part of the last . when the ancient eypitian came to the temple , he is likely to see the name of the latest phorach on the front and generation later . you have exactly the same thing. you rebuild you improve you make better. connect is about rival recompetition and obelisks would measure this. obelisks was first rise the days of sunlight and hechisot show her on her fathers. top most first. at 194 feet hight ,hechisot is topplest obelisks of ancient eypti. waving 303 tons it is from car one single piece of grants 400 miles away at swan, here lay higher grant quarries . hwo ancient egyptian able to cut such hard stone, this is a piece of dolerites . it is naturally ocurring pepple , centrally it is they pouned the surface with this stone, and everytime they didi they took new fragement of the stone surface away , working day and night in crews, they slowly but surely would have dug channel like this, so at one point, they can break it away from that living rock, put it on the boat, and take it down the every obelisks that is supposed to be delivered .
homework
      At the center is a hypostyle hall, containing a forest of gigantic columns, some of them 70 feet high, with capital so big that 50 people could stand on one of them. There are obelisks, one of them the largest standing in Egypt. They are vast statues of kings, their eagles frozen in stone. And there are monumental gateways in the vast entrances, Pylons.
    They are the largest in Egypt, and decorated like giant billboards with incredible stone carvings. Standing up to 100 feet high, it's a marvel that they were built without cranes of any kind. A clue to their construction still survives.
     "The vast wall of this pylon was never finished, and when the work was abandoned, ancient Egyptians left behind the clues to how it was built. The mud ramp proves that they used vast earth structures built up against the wall to drag the stones up to the top.”
   Building to an enormous scale never daunted the kings of ancient Egypt. Each king set out to surpass the last.
      "When an ancient Egyptian came to the temple, he is likely to see the name of the latest pharaoh on the front. And a generation later, you have exactly the same thing. You rebuild, you improve, you make better."
     Karn was about rivalry and competition, and obelisks were a measure of this. Obelisks marked the first rays of the day's sunlight, and Hatchepsut made sure hers outshone her father's, Thatmost I. At 96 feet high, Hatchepsut's is the tallest surviving obelisk in Egypt. Weighing 323 tons, it was carved from one single piece of granite 400 miles away at Aswan, here lay the highly priced granite quarries. How were the ancient Egyptians able to cut such a hard stone?
       "This is a piece of dolerite. It's a naturally occurring pebble. Essentially what they did is they pounded the surface with this stone, and every time they did, they took minute fragment of the stone surface away. Working day and night in crews, they slowly but surely would have dug channels like this. So, at one point, they could break it away from the living rock, put it on a boat, and take it down to wherever the obelisk was supposed to be delivered.
At the center is a hyper style hole containing of a forest of gigantic columns some of them 70 feet high.With capital so big that 50 people could stand on one of them.There are obelicks,one of them the largest standing in Egypt.There are vast statues of kings their eagles frozen in stone.And there are monumental gateways in the vast entrances Pylons.
They are the largest in Egypt and decorated like giant billboards with incredible stone carvings.Standing up to 100 feet high,it's a marval that they were built without cranes of any kind.A clue to their construction still survives.
"The vast wall of this pylon was never finished and when the wall was abandoned .The ancient Egyptians left behind a clue is to how it was built.The mud ramp proves that they used vast earth structures built up wall to drag the stones up to the top."
Building to an enormous scale never daunted the kings of ancient Egypt.Each king set out to surpass the last.
"When an ancient Egyptian came to a temple he is likely to see the name of the latest pharaoh on the front .And a generation later you have exactly the same thing.You rebuild you improve you make better."
Carnak was about rivary and competition and obeliscs were a measure of this.Obelicses marked the first rays of the day's sunlight.And Hashek made sure hers out shone her father's Thomas I. At 96 feet high Hatchepsut is the tallest surviving obelisk in Egypt.Weighing 323 tons it was carved from one single piece of granted 400 miles away at Aswan.Here laid the highly prised granade quarries.How would the Egyptians able to cut such a hard stone?
"This is a piece of stone *.It's a naturally occuring pebble,essentially what they did is they pounded the surface with this stone.And every time they did they took manual fragment of the stone surface away.Working day and night in crews they slowly but surely would have dug channels like this.So at one point they could break it away from the living rock,put it on a boat and take it down to every obelikses they supposed to be delivered."
每天半小时 轻松提高英语口语
At the center is a hyper style hole containing of a forest of gigantic columns some of them 70 feet high.With capital so big that 50 people could stand on one of them.There are obeliskes,one of them the largest standing in Egypt.There are vast statues of kings their eagles frozen in stone.And there are monumental gateways in the vast entrances Pylons.
They are the largest in Egypt and decorated like giant billboards with incredible stone carvings.Standing up to 100 feet high,it's a marval that they were built without cranes of any kind.A clue to their construction still survives.
"The vast wall of this pylon was never finished and when the wall was abandoned .The ancient Egyptians left behind a clue is to how it was built.The mud ramp proves that they used vast earth structures built up wall to drag the stones up to the top."
Building to an enormous scale never daunted the kings of ancient Egypt.Each king set out to surpass the last.
"When an ancient Egyptian came to a temple he is likely to see the name of the latest pharaoh on the front .And a generation later you have exactly the same thing.You rebuild you improve you make better."
Carnak was about rivary and competition and obeliscs were a measure of this.Obeliskes marked the first rays of the day's sunlight.And Hashek made sure hers out shone her father's Thomas I. At 96 feet high Hatchepsut is the tallest surviving obelisk in Egypt.Weighing 323 tons it was carved from one single piece of granted 400 miles away at Aswan.Here laid the highly prised granade quarries.How would the Egyptians be able to cut such a hard stone?
"This is a piece of dolerite.It's a naturally occuring pebble,essentially what they did is they pounded the surface with this stone.And every time they did they took manual fragments of the stone surface away.Working day and night in crews they slowly but surely would have dug channels like this.So at one point they could break it away from the living rock,put it on a boat and take it down to every obelisk  they supposed to be delivered."
Believe myself and insist on listening
本帖最后由 源源1022 于 2009-8-6 11:18 编辑

on wukeyu



At the center is a hypostyle hall, containing a forest of gigantic columns, some of them 70 feet high, with capital so big that 50 people could stand on one of them. There are obelisks, one of them the largest standing in Egypt. There are vast statues of kings, their egos frozen in stone. And there are monumental gateways in / vast entrances, Pylons.

They are the largest in Egypt, and decorated like giant billboards with incredible stone carvings. Standing up to 100 feet high, it's a marvel that they were built without cranes of any kind. A clue to their construction still survives.

"The vast wall of this pylon was never finished, and when the wall was abandoned, ancient Egyptians left behind the clues to how it was built. The mud ramp proves that they used vast earth structures built up against the wall to drag the stones up to the top.”

Building to an enormous scale never daunted the kings of ancient Egypt. Each king set out to surpass the last.

"When an ancient Egyptian came to the temple, he is likely to see the name of the latest pharaoh on the front. And a generation later, you have exactly the same thing. You rebuild, you improve, you make better."

Karnak was about rivalry and competition, and obelisks were a measure of this. Obelisks marked the first rays of the day's sunlight, and Hatchepsut made sure hers outshone her father's, Thatmose I. At 96 feet high, Hatchepsut's is the tallest surviving obelisk in Egypt. Weighing 323 tons, it was carved from one single piece of granite 400 miles away at Aswan, herelay the highly priced granite quarries. How were the ancient Egyptians able to cut such a hard stone?

"This is a piece of dolerite. It's a naturally occurring pebble. Essentially what they did is they pounded the surface with this stone, and every time they did, they took minute fragment of the stone surface away. Working day and night in crews, they slowly but surely would have dug channels like this. So, at one point, they could break it away from the living rock, put it on a boat, and take it down to wherever the obelisk was supposed to be delivered.
继续努力!!!
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homework
At the center is the hyperstyle hall, containing a forest of gigantic columns, some of them 70- feet high with capital so big that 50 people could stand on one of them. There are obelisks one of them the largest standing in Egypt. There are vast statues of Kings, theireagles frozen in stone. And there are monumental gateways and vast entrances,pylons. They are the largest in Egypt and decorated like gaint billboards with incredible stone carvings. Standing up to 100-feet it's a marvel that they were built without cranes of any kind. A clue to their construction still survives. The vast wall of this pylon was never finished when their work were abandoned. The ancient Egyptians left behind clues to how it was built. The mud ramp proves that it used vast earth structures built up against the wall to drag the stones up to the top. Building to an enormous scale never daunting the kings of Egypt. Each king set out to surpass the last. When an ancient Egyptian came to the temple, he is likely to see the name of the latest Pharaoh on the front and a generation later you have exactly the same thing. You rebuild, you improve, you make better.
Konak was about rivalry and competetion and obelisks were a measure of this. Obelisks marked the first rays of the day's sunlight and Hatchepsut make sure hers out shine hers father's topmost the first. At 96-feet high Hatchepsut's is tallest surviving obelisk in Egypt weighing 323 tons. It was carved from one single piece of granite, 400 miles away at //. Here laid the highest prized granite quarries. How would the ancient Egyptians cut such a hard stone?
This is a piece of dolerite, it's an natually occuring pebble, essentially what they did is they pounded the surface with the stone, and everytime they did it they took a minute fragment of the stone's surface away. Working day and night, in crews, they slowly be // would have dug channels like this, at one point they could break it away from the living rock, put it on the boat and take it down to whever the obelisk is supposed to delivered.
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